8-3.4 After the Constitution

After the
#1 Who was elected the first president
of the United States?
#2 What did Hamilton want to do as
Secretary of the Treasury?
I. Hamilton
A. Alexander Hamilton was
selected by Washington
to be Secretary of the
1. He wanted an economic
policy that would
strengthen the US gov’t.
#3 According to Hamilton’s three part
plan, what did he think the
government should do?
I. Hamilton
B. He had a three part plan.
The federal gov’t should:
1. pay its debt from the Amer.
2. pay the states debt’s from
the Amer. Rev.
3. start a national bank to issue
money and collect taxes.
C. He also wanted a protective
tariff to encourage
Americans to make things
at home.
#4 What did the Federalists believe?
II. Political Parties
A. Federalists believed in
strong central gov’t that
would promote trade and
1. They were led by Hamilton.
2. Followed most of Hamilton’s
3. Most lived in New England.
#5 Who were the leaders of the
II. Political Parties
B. Democratic-Republicans
were led by Thomas
Jefferson and James
1. Most were against the gov’t
assuming the debts.
2. Many agreed only b/c the
capital was being moved to
the South.
C. In SC, Federalists tended to
live in Lowcountry and
Dem-Reps tended to live in
the Upcountry.
#6 How did the DemocraticRepublicans feel about creating a
National Bank and why?
#7 How did the Federalist feel about
creating a National Bank and why?
III. National Bank
A. Dem-Reps said the
Constitution should be
interpreted strictly.
• The Congress shall have
Power - To make all
Laws which shall be
1. It didn’t say Congress could
necessary and proper
start a bank, so they
for carrying into
Execution the foregoing
B. Federalists said the
Powers, and all other
“necessary and proper”
Powers vested by this
clause said Congress could
Constitution in the
do what it needed to do its
Government of the
United States, or in any
1. They needed the bank to tax
Department or Officer
and regulate commerce.
III. National Bank
C. Washington agreed with
the Federalists and signed
the bill creating the First
National Bank.
D. This upset the Dem-Reps,
who favored small
1. The voted against the tariff
bill and it did not pass.
#8 What was the purpose of the
Proclamation of Neutrality?
IV. The X, Y, Z Affair
A. The Dem-Reps were
pleased with the French
B. The Federalists sided with
England when France
declared war on England.
C. Washington issued the
Proclamation of
1. Tried to keep the US out of
the fighting with Napoleon.
#9 Explain the X,Y,Z Affair.
IV. The X, Y, Z Affair
D. When John Adams
became president, he
sent Charles Cotesworth
Pinckney to negotiate
peace with France.
E. He met with 3 French
1. X, Y, and Z asked for a bribe
and Pinckney said no.
2. This is known as the X, Y, Z
#10 What was the purpose of the Alien
and Sedition Acts?
#11 What did the Virginia and
Kentucky Resolutions say?
IV. The X, Y, Z Affair
F. Federalists prepared for
war & the Dem-Reps
slandered Adams in the
G. Federalists passed the
Alien and Sedition Acts.
1. These were to silence
newspapers and limit the
H. Jefferson and Madison
said that states could
nullify laws if they were
#12 Why was the Embargo Act
V. War of 1812
A. Jefferson was elected in
B. The US traded with
France and England
during the Napoleonic
1. England began to impress
American sailors
C. Congress passed the
Embargo Act to stop
1. It devastated shipping.
#13 What made John C. Calhoun a
V. War of 1812
D. Dem-Reps in the West said
the British were telling
Indians to attack.
E. John C Calhoun was
elected to Congress and
wanted to declare war on
1. This made him a War Hawk.
F. In 1812 the US declared
war and invaded Canada.
1. We lost.
#14 What did the War of 1812 bring?
V. War of 1812
G. A British army attacked
DC and burned the
president’s house.
H. The treaty ended the war
but changed no land.
1. A new surge of nationalism
went through the nation.
I. The Federalist Party died
out and the Dem-Reps
began to support old
Federalist ideas.

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