The Pupil Premium: Raising attainment and accelerating progress Alice Chicken Department for Education Redcar and Cleveland 4 July 2014 Areas I plan to cover today 1. The context – The Government’s reform agenda – Why is the Pupil Premium needed? 2. What is the Pupil Premium? 3. The key components of the Pupil Premium – Pupil Premium funding – Evidence of what works – Accountability for results 4. What does this mean for schools? Improving disadvantaged pupils’ life chances is at the heart of the Government’s education reform agenda ‘…no country that wishes to be considered world class can afford to allow children from poorer families to fail as a matter of course.’ Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Average pupil performance on the 2012 PISA mathematics assessment, by quarters of socio-economic status 640 Key ●----------------------x----------------------x---------------------● 600 560 Hong Kong-China Macao-China Estonia 520 Finland Canada OECD average 480 PISA 2012 440 more disadvantaged -2.5 -2.0 England more 400 -1.5 -1.0 -0.5 0.0 0.5 Index of pupil socio-economic status 1.0 1.5 2.0 5 "Our data shows it doesn't matter if you go to a school in Britain, Finland or Japan, students from a privileged background tend to do well everywhere. What really distinguishes education systems is their capacity to deploy resources where they can make the most difference. Your effect as a teacher is a lot bigger for a student who doesn't have a privileged background than for a student who has lots of educational resources.“ Andreas Schleicher – OECD Pupil Premium: the gap • The gap gets wider as pupils get older: • 17.3ppt gap (63.4% achievement by PP pupils, 80.7% non-PP) achieving level 4+ in reading, writing and maths at age 11 (2013) • 26.9ppt gap (40.9% achievement by PP pupils, 67.8% non-PP) achieving 5+ A*-C grades including English and maths GCSEs at age 16 • Big variations between schools and between LAs • KS2 reading, writing, maths gap: Newham 4ppts, Rutland 35ppts • GCSE 5+ A*-C inc. English and maths gap: Tower Hamlets 7ppts, Southend-on-Sea 43ppts • Between 2011 and 2013, the percentage of disadvantaged pupils achieving 5 or more good GCSEs including English and maths has risen by 4.8 percentage points and the gap between disadvantaged pupils and their peers has reduced by 2.1 percentage points. • The highest attainment for FSM eligible pupils and smallest gaps on average occur in schools with high rates of FSM in secondary schools • Gaps can vary widely from year to year in schools Weakest and strongest performing local authorities by attainment of disadvantaged pupils and the attainment gap by percentage of pupil premium eligibility, 2013 8 Our policy incentives Funding Evidence on effectiveness School Interventions Incentives Better information Inspection Pupil Premium reviews 9 Funding Since April 2011, additional and rising targeted school funding for disadvantaged pupils: £625million in 2011-12 – £488 per pupil £1.25billion in 2012-13 – £623 per pupil £1.875billion in 2013-14 – £900 per pupil £2.5billion in 2014-15: – £1300 primary-aged pupils – £935 secondary-aged pupils – £1900 for all looked-after children, adopted children and care leavers 10 School interventions Schools have the freedom to choose the interventions they consider to be most effective and cost-effective, but need to publish online: the school’s pupil premium allocation for the current academic year details of how you intend to spend the allocation details of how you spent the previous academic year’s allocation how it made a difference to the attainment of disadvantaged pupils Identify pupils with Key to Success tool 12 Inspection From Sept 2013, sharper “Section 5” inspections, more focussed on attainment of disadvantaged pupils: schools will now not normally be judged “outstanding” if – among other things – disadvantaged pupils are not making good progress schools judged “requiring improvement” overall and on leadership where disadvantaged pupils are not making good progress are likely to have a Pupil Premium review recommended Read the new framework document 13 Pupil premium reviews From Sept 2013, any school can commission a Pupil Premium review. The review: to identify effective action for raising the attainment of disadvantaged pupils should be led by a system leader, usually from the National College for Teaching and Leadership (NCTL), with a track record in this area can be paid for using pupil premium funding does not require an Ofsted recommendation – any school can commission a review NCTL have a directory of system leaders 14 Better information From October 2013, better information on the achievement of disadvantaged pupils, with: attainment data on disadvantaged pupils for schools in RAISEonline (Oct 2013, primary, Dec 2013, secondary) new three-year rolling average measures in performance tables (Dec 2013, primary, Jan 2014, secondary) enhanced similar schools tool with FSM banding information See RaiseONLINE and performance tables 15 Evidence of effectiveness Since February 2012, the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) has awarded £28.7m to 56 projects, including 23 on literacy catch-up. Most are rigorously evaluated using randomised controlled trials (RCTs) Knowledge gained will be published on a termly basis from January 2014 EEF teaching and learning toolkit to provide accessible evidence and advice on the effectiveness of a range of approaches. EEF teaching and learning toolkit 16 Feedback Approach Average impact Cost Feedback 8 months ££ Evidence estimate Summary Very high impact for low cost Research suggests that providing effective feedback is challenging. To be effective, it should be: • About challenging tasks or goals rather than easy ones. • Given sparingly so that it is meaningful. • About what is right more often than about what is wrong. • Specific, accurate and clear, e.g. not just “correct” or “incorrect”. • Provide examples of what is correct and not just tell students when they are wrong. • Encouraging and supportive of further effort without threatening a learner’s self-esteem. Toolkit: Notes on the February 2014 Update The Toolkit is a live resource which will be updated on a regular basis as findings from EEF-funded projects and other high-quality research become available. Major updates made to the Toolkit in February 2014 include: • The addition of one new topic: Oral language interventions. • The inclusion of findings from EEF projects into five strands: Feedback, One to one tuition, Small Group tuition, Summer schools and Teaching assistants. • Updated entries for Reducing Class Size and Teaching assistants. • A new Programmes layer, highlighting programmes related to the Toolkit which have been evaluated by the EEF or others. 19 Other activities John Dunford – our Pupil Premium champion • Chair of Whole Education and the Chartered Institute of Educational Assessors and former ASCL general secretary • Speaking up and down the country to school leaders • Feed back directly to the Department on issues raised Summer schools • Aims to support transition from primary to secondary in 2012 and 2013 • Around 2000 school supported ~58,000 Year 7s this summer, compared with around 1700 school supporting ~39,000 pupils in 2012 • Evaluation identified benefits inc. quicker settling in and readiness to learn Pupil Premium awards • Up to £10,000 for schools that are doing the most to boost the achievement of disadvantaged pupils. • Winners and runners up announced at an awards ceremony on 25 June 2014 (and previous year on 8 July 2013) What does Ofsted say? Ofsted’s 2013 report said: “While there are some pockets of very good practice, we find that too many schools are still not spending the Pupil Premium on interventions that are making any meaningful impact.” “Many schools still lack good enough systems for tracking the spending of the additional funding or for evaluating the effectiveness of measures they have put in place in terms of improving outcomes. In short, they struggle to show that the funding is making any real difference.” “The best school leaders know what they want to achieve from each of their interventions and they evaluate progress thoroughly to make sure these are working. They also have well thought-through plans for building on success.” How are schools doing it successfully? Ofsted’s 2013 report also sets out the characteristics of schools that are using their Pupil Premium successfully to maximise achievement: • • • • • use data to analyse progress and the causes of under-achievement; use research evidence; allocate their best teachers to intervention groups; give systematic feedback to pupils; ensure class and subject teachers knew their Pupil Premium pupils and were responsible for accelerating progress; • monitor and evaluate impact on pupil results; and • involve governors in planning and evaluating. 22 When should we worry? Independent 2013 evaluation report and Ofsted 2012 report identified less effective practice, including: where school are not sufficiently clear about who their disadvantaged pupils are where schools are not prioritising disadvantaged pupils as intended where the choices about what interventions or training to invest in are not evidence-based Questions for school leaders, teachers and governors to ask in their schools • Do we know where the attainment gaps are in our school? • Do we all know who our Pupil Premium pupils are? Have we accessed the Key to Success ‘download’? https://www.keytosuccess.education.gov.uk/schools/ • How are we planning our activities and targeting them at Pupil Premium pupils? Questions for school leaders, teachers and governors to ask in their schools cont. • Have we accessed the evidence of what works to accelerate disadvantaged pupil progress? • How do we know our activities are having an impact? What evidence are we gathering to share with Ofsted? • How are we involving parents and carers? Do we have our Pupil Premium statement online? What next? Make an impact Change practice Get buyin at school Today’s conference Use evidence to decide strategy Training in depth Evaluate effective ness And how are we doing nationally… 26 27 Links, tweets and contacts www.gov.uk/government/policies/raising-the-achievement-ofdisadvantaged-children www.education.gov.uk/schools/pupilsupport/premium @educationgovuk @johndunford [email protected] [email protected] Questions?