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• Why did you agree to be on this Active School Team?
• Did you get a chance to look at the video’s/article sent by
• What did you think?
What did you take-away?
60 minutes of physical activity is recommended for kids to
get each day
It is estimated only half meet this guideline.
Students who are physically active tend to have better:
School Attendance
Cognitive Performance
Classroom Behavior
Increase Concentration and Focus
Children spend up to half of their waking hours in school.
In an increasingly sedentary world, schools provide the best opportunity for a
population-based approach to increasing physical activity among youth.
Today, the role of the school is more important than ever as fewer families
have a parent at home who is not participating in the paid labor force, and
students are spending more time in before- and after-school programs outside
of the home.
Schools have a broad reach.
Structuring school environments to encourage and support physical activity
offers a unique opportunity to reach nearly all children and adolescents.
Lifelong health habits are initiated early in life.
Schools have an impact on children's health both today and in the future.
Glickman, D., Parker, L., Sim, L.J., Cook, H. & Miller, E.A., (Eds.) (2012) Accelerating progress in obesity prevention: Solving the weight of
the nation. Committee on Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention. Food and Nutrition Board. Institute of Medicine.
Journal of Pediatrics, August 2013
Many strategies of increasing physical activity effect
school performance.
• Active Classrooms
• Active Recess
• Active PE
• Before & After School
• Family & Community
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
Physical Activity Practice
Related Academic Achievement Outcomes
Students who are physically active
Higher physical activity and
physical fitness levels
Improved cognitive performance
More participation in physical education
Better grades, standardized test scores, and
classroom behavior
Time spent in recess
Improved cognitive performance and classroom
Participation in brief classroom physical
activity breaks
Improved cognitive performance, classroom
behaviors, and education outcomes
Participation in extracurricular
physical activities
Higher GPAs, lower drop-out rates, and fewer
disciplinary problems
Have better grades, better school attendance, and
better classroom behaviors
Healthy Kids, Successful Students. Stronger Communities Powerpoint
• Active classrooms means integrating movement breaks,
also known as energizing breaks or brain breaks, outside
of physical education and recess, into the school day.
• Can be shorter time periods (3-5 minutes). Although a
total of 20 minutes is the goal.
• Regular breaks improve learning because they give
students time to make sense of information.
• In the classroom, children need breaks for learning to be
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
• Active Recess involves purposefully designing the
playground and recess activities to encourage physical
activity for all students.
• Incorporates activities on the grassy areas or fields,
blacktop surfaces, and playground equipment.
• Provides children with a guarantee of non-structured play
each day.
• Provides some structure to recess and may include
several activity stations scattered around the playground
and green spaces.
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
• Effective physical educators can teach skills while
students spend a majority of their time being
physically active.
• They employ a variety of strategies, all of which may be
used to increase the amount of active time. These can
Management strategies such as active roll call and
assigned rolls
Instructional strategies such as student-selected activities
during the beginning and end of class
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
• School districts can implement a wide variety of beforeand after- school programs that include physical activity
for students and perhaps their families.
• These can include:
School-community recreation
Community education
21st Century Community Learning Centers
Clubs and related education-focused programs
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
• Encourage students to develop activity patterns that go
beyond the school setting which supports lifelong
• This may be completed at the school, or PE teacher level.
• Creating assignments to encourage
physical activity.
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
• The ultimate goal is the amount of impact you can have.
Reach x Dose = Impact
• Reach ~ how many people in the targeted population are
being affected.
• Dose ~ how much of a given strategy is occurring, which
we’ll measure using 10 minutes as one “dose” of physical
* Keep in mind impact when thinking
about your strategies. *
Active Schools: Core 4+ Strategies
• Scenario #1 – The school holds a “1-day walking event”. About 150 students
participate (reach) and the average student walks for 30 minutes (dose), which is
equal to three doses (10 min = 1 dose). The total impact is 150 x 3 = 450.
• Scenario #2 – The school implements an Active Classroom policy and all
classrooms and students participate daily in 10 minutes of activity in the morning
and 10 minutes of activity in the afternoon (2 doses/day). The 200 students
participate all year long or about 180 school days. So the total impact is 200
students x 2 doses/day x 180 days = 72,000.
Active Schools Toolkit
Challenge the strategies you choose :
• What’s the reach and the dose?
• Will many students benefit from it?
• Will this lead to more?
• Will this continue if our team is not there?
• Is there a need for more support?
• Taking away recess?
• Using physical activity as punishment?
• Giving physical activity as a reward?
• Directing energy toward physical activity?
• Not having age-appropriate equipment?
• Providing a wide-range of activity options for all interest
and abilities ?
• Action Plan Form
• December 15, 2014: Written action plan and preliminary
budget due.
• March 15, 2015: Final project reports due and all orders
are complete.
• Folder
Active School Core 4+
Resources for Active Classrooms
Active Classroom Activity Calendar
Healthy Rewards
Tips for Teachers (CDC)
SKIPing toward an Active Start
• Healthy Roots Team Leader
Where do we go from here?

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