Weather Review

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Weather Review
Wind is due to
a.
pressure differences in the atmosphere
b.
the greenhouse effect
c.
Earth’s rotation
d.
storms that push air in front of them.
On what day of the year does the North Pole tilt
most directly toward the Sun?
a.
The spring equinox
b. The fall equinox
c. The winter solstice
d. The summer solstice
The ocean current called the Gulf Stream
a.
carries heat from Hawaii to the Western coast of
North America.
b.
carries heat from the Gulf of Mexico to the
North American coast and Northern Europe.
c.
vertically mixes the Atlantic ocean near the
Southern United States.
d.
travels through all of the world’s oceans.
Earth’s surface receives more solar radiation
near the equator than at the poles. This uneven
heating of Earth’s surface produces
a. day and night.
b. dry air at the equator.
c. clouds.
d. winds.
Air pressure is due to the
a. weight of water vapor in the air.
b. collisions of air molecules.
c. force of the wind.
d. speed of the wind.
Suppose that you saw clouds that were high in
the sky and that looked like wispy strands of
tattered cloth. An hour later, it started to rain.
The clouds you noticed were
a.
cumulonimbus clouds.
b. alto stratus clouds.
c. cumulus clouds.
d. cirrus clouds.
Suppose that the air has reached its dew
point. The relative humidity is
a. 0 %
b. 20%
c. 65%
d. 100%
The gases that make up 99% of Earth’s
atmosphere are
a.
nitrogen and carbon dioxide.
b.oxygen and carbon dioxide.
c. oxygen and nitrogen.
d.oxygen and hydrogen.
How are weather and climate related?
a.
Climate is the weather at a particular
place and time.
b.
Climate is the average weather over a
period of many years.
c.
Climate and weather are both produced
by plate tectonics.
d.
Weather is climate that can be measured.
The elements of weather include
a.
latitude and humidity.
b. temperature and precipitation.
c. the seasons and clouds.
d. humidity and global warming.
Why don’t the global winds moving from the
North Pole to the South Pole follow a straight
path?
a.
Objects moving in straight paths above
Earth’s surface appear to be turning to
observers on the ground.
b.
The Coriolis Effect comes into play.
c.
Earth rotates under the wind.
d.
All of the above.
Which of the following is NOT produced by water in the
atmosphere?
a.
Clouds
b. Ocean currents
c. Humidity
d. Precipitation
The Dew Point in Houston on March 3 at 6:00 a.m. is
38°F. This means that when the air temperature there
reaches 38° F, at that time
a.
the air will be very humid.
b.
dew will evaporate.
c.
water vapor in the atmosphere will condense.
d.
dew will freeze.
What is the scientific name for the dark, tall,
puffy clouds that indicate a thunderstorm is
coming?
a. Cirrus clouds
b. Cumulonimbus clouds
c. Stratus clouds
d. Cumulus clouds
The angle at which the Sun’s rays strike the
Earth has a great effect on
a.
Earth’s seasons.
b.
the way climate varies with latitude.
c.
the intensity of solar energy received at
Earth’s surface.
d.
All of the above.
The seasons are primarily due to
a.
the distance of Earth from the Sun.
b. the wavelength of solar radiation.
c. the tilt of Earth’s axis.
d. variations in greenhouse gas levels.
Daylight and nighttime hours are equal
a.
during the summer and winter solstices.
b.
during the equinoxes.
c.
in mid-January and mid-June.
d.
they are never equal.
Almost all energy on Earth comes directly or indirectly
from
a. Earth’s interior.
b. Radioactivity.
c. The Sun
d. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
If the concentration of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere increases, Earth’s average global
temperature will
a. increase.
b. decrease.
c. stay the same.
d. fluctuate wildly.
The troposphere is the atmospheric layer where
a.
ozone absorbs incoming ultraviolet
radiation from space.
b.
the Aurora Borealis occurs.
c.
weather occurs.
d.
temperature increases with altitude.
Cyclones are areas of low pressure. They are associated
with
a. calm weather.
b. rough weather.
c. stationary fronts.
d. cirrus clouds.
The Coriolis Effect turns
a. wind.
b.ocean surface currents.
c. wind and ocean surface currents.
d.Merry-Go-Rounds.
A sea breeze is a local wind that blows at night
from a region
a.
over the ocean toward land.
b. of low pressure to high pressure.
c. of high elevation to low elevation.
d. None of the above.
The change of water vapor to a liquid is called
a. Evaporation.
b. Condensation.
c. Saturation.
d. Dew point.
A parcel of air will rise as long as it is
a.
denser than surrounding air.
b. less dense than surrounding air.
c. cooler than surrounding air.
d. more humid than surrounding air.
Vocabulary
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Air mass
Atmospheric pressure
Climate
Convection cell
Cyclone
Dew point
Equinox
Front
Greenhouse effect
Humidity
Ionosphere
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Mesosphere
Relative humidity
Solar radiation
Solstice
Stratosphere
Terrestrial radiation
Thermosphere
Troposphere
Weather
Wind
Wind chill

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