Quarter 4 Assessment - Review COLD WAR – VIETNAM WAR True or False? Between 1940 and 1955, personal incomes decreased sharply for many Americans. False. True or False Eisenhower’s defense policy resulted in significant cuts in military spending. Answer True True or False Many American officials believed that the Depression had caused World War II. Answer True True or False On June 25, 1950, North Korean troops invaded the south, rapidly driving back the poorly, equpped South Korean forces Answer True True or False. In 1968 the American people were shocked that an enemy supposedly on the verge of defeat could launch such a large-scale attack as the Tet offensive of the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese. Answer. True At Yalta, the leaders agreed to recognize the Polish government that the Soviets had set up if Stalin agreed to a. Allow free enterprise in Poland b. Allow Poland to trade with the West c. Hold free elections there as soon as possible d. Give up his demand for reparations from Germany Answer C Hold free elections there as soon as possible. The Long Telegram resulted in a. The Marshall Plan b. The establishment of the CIA c. The Berlin airlift d. The containment policy Answer D The Containment Policy After WWII, labor unrest was triggered by a. Rising inflation b. Falling wages c. Lack of jobs d. Poor working conditions Answer A Rising inflation Truman said the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were essential for a. Containment b. World economic recovery c. World peace d. American prosperity Answer A Containment Joseph McCarthy created the media frenzy that began his witch hunt by a. Accusing Alger Hiss of being a Soviet spy b. Saying that there were spies in the United States Army c. Urging the House Un-American Activities Committee to hold open hearings d. Saying that he had a list of Communists employed by the State Department Answer D Saying that he had a list of Communists employed by the State Department. The Korean war resulted in a. Victory for North Korea b. Victory for South Korea c. Victory for the United Nations d. Containment but no victory Answer D Containment but not victory To benefit from a cheaper labor pool, some businesses in the 1950s began to a. Hire African Americans b. Hire teenagers c. Expand overseas d. Move to the Sunbelt Answer C Expand Overseas This was formed after World War II for the purpose of mutual defense. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) This allowed many returning soldiers to attend college following WWII. The GI Bill The Taft Hartley Act outlawed the Closed Shop, prohibited featherbedding and this… Allowed right to work laws. Compared to earlier campaigns, the 1960 presidential race made new use of _____. Television With Canada’s agreement, this was built to aid international shipping. The Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Seaway. By the middle of the 1900s, what group of people were the poorest in the nation? Native Americans Who was Dwight Eisenhower’s running mate in the presidential election of 1952? Richard Nixon In 1953 Americans were shocked with the Soviets tested the a. Sputnik satellite b. First fallout shelters c. Hydrogen bomb d. HUAC Answer C Hydrogen Bomb What four countries divided Germany into four “zones”? United States Great Britain France Soviet Union The federal government’s termination policy was intended to a. End poverty in the inner city by replacing slums with new high-rise buildings b. Bring Native Americans into mainstream society c. Fight juvenile delinquency d. End the dependence of poor Americans on government aid. B Bring Native Americans into mainstream society Who was the leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin died? Nikita Khrushchev In Gideon v. Wainwright, the Supreme Court ruled that a defendant in a state court had the right to this A lawyer Young protestors especially focused on what they saw as an unfair a. Draft system b. Credibility gap c. Teach-in d. Division of Vietnam Answer A Draft System North Korea received military weapons and other support from the Soviet Union and ________. China Name for President Johnson’s vision of the more perfect and equitable society the U.S. could and should become. Great Society Who was the first African American to serve in the cabinet as the secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development? Robert Weaver What Communist countries came to be called because they had to remain Communist and follow Soviet policies. Satellite Nations An imaginary line that separated the Communist nations of Eastern Europe from the West. “Iron Curtain” This “line” divided Korea into two separate nations. 38th Parallel FBI director who urged HUAC to hold public hearings on Communist subversion. J. Edgar Hoover This became an epidemic in the post war years. polio Southern Democrats in the 1948 Presidential Election Dixiecrats Rapidly increasing birthrates between 1945 and 1961. Baby Boom The nation’s first computer, used to make military calculations. ENIAC This was dropped by American planes in Vietnam to take away to Vietcong’s cover by destroying the thick jungles. Napalm Very influential Supreme Court Chief Justice during the ’50s and ‘60s. Earl Warren Ensures that all people are treated the same by the court system. Due Process The way in which the states draw up political districts based on changes in population. Reapportionment President Kennedy’s legislative agenda. New Frontier Suspicion that the U.S. lagged behind the Soviets in weaponry. Missile gap Military alliance in Eastern Europe Warsaw Pact Deadly radiation left over after a nuclear blast. fallout Leader of Communist Cuba in 1953. Fidel Castro National health insurance program that provides for Americans 65 and older. Medicare Turning point in the Vietnam War. Tet Offensive. True or False? Ngo Dinh Diem was Catholic and discriminated against his country’s Buddhists. True. He had thousands of Buddhists murdered. True or False? Americans are still based in Korea today. True. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were charged with this crime. Passing atomic secrets to the Soviets. This was formed for the purpose of mutual defense. NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization When the French left Vietnam, the U.S. stepped in to a. Make sure free elections were held, as specified by the Geneva Accords. b. Protect pro-Western government in the South. c. Act as peacekeepers along the border between North and South Vietnam. d. Try to cause a popular uprising against the Communist ruler in North Vietnam. B; protect the pro-Western government in the South. CORE successfully integrated many restaurants by using a. Protest marches b. Boycotts c. Sit-ins d. threats C C; sit-ins This group was organized in an effort to integrate bus terminals. The Freedom Riders At the March on Washington, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave this speech. He gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. In Little Rock, Arkansas, the governor tried to prevent African American students from entering a white high school by a. Closing the school b. Redrawing the school district c. Hiring the KKK d. Deploying the National Guard D; deploying the National Guard The purpose of this chemical was to destroy the dense foliage so that the enemy could not hide in the jungle. Agent Orange A main reason President Johnson refused to order a full-scale invasion of North Vietnam was his fear that it would a. Bring China into the war b. Strengthen the North Vietnamese will to fight c. Result in a staggering loss of American lives d. Horrify the American public, ruining him politically. A; would bring China into the war. What was the result of the battle of Dien Bien Phu? a. President Johnson decided to send American troops into Vietnam. b. Regular North Vietnamese army units joined the Vietcong. c. President Nixon decided to pull American troops out of Vietnam. d. The French withdrew from Indochina. D; the French withdrew In South Vietnam, a monk set himself on fire to protest a. The war. b. Western influences on his country. c. Extreme religious ceremonies. d. Discrimination against Buddhists. D; discrimination against Buddhists. Daring attack that took North Koreans by surprise. Inchon.