American Foreign Policy Problem #1: ISIS Mr. Patten and Ms. Dennis Fall 2014 ISIS in 2 minutes… • http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/09/ 17/the-isis-threat-teaching-about-thecomplex-war-raging-in-iraq-andsyria/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0 ISIS: Territory • ISIS holds roughly 1/3 of Iraq and Syria including strategically important cities like Fallujah and Mosul in Iraq • It controls many roads linking its conquered communities • Has its own system of civil administration and judiciaries ISIS: Territory ISIS: Financing • They control oil fields, power plants, dams, and factories in Iraq and Syria • It is estimated that they bring in $2 million a day just on the sale of oil • Also generate cash from extortion, kidnapping for ransom and other criminal activities ISIS: Governing • When ISIS seizes a city: – Keeps select services (gas stations, bakeries and markets) operating – Uses brute force to impose its vision of a fundamentalist state ISIS: Governing – Shops closed during Muslim prayer – Women cover hair and faces in public – Public spaces walled off with heavy metal fences topped with black flags of ISIS – Those accused of disobeying their laws face public execution or amputations ISIS: Military • Far more superior threat than al-Qaida was in 2001 – – – – They are richer Operate a modern, effective media campaign Highly centralized command CIA believes they have between 20,000 – 31,500 fighters in Iraq and Syria • 15,000 of them are estimated to be recruits • Largest bloc of foreign fighters come from Tunisia and Saudi Arabia • Smallest contingents from Belgium, China, Russia and the U.S. ISIS: Weapons • ISIS has stolen hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of weapons and equipment from Iraqi and Syrian military installations. • Small arms and rockets used by ISIS appear to have been provided to other combatants by Saudi Arabia and the United States. ISIS: Weapons • Among the weapons that Conflict Armament Research examined were M16 and M4 rifles stamped “Property of U.S. Govt.” • Such weapons are also in the hands of irregular Shiite forces in Iraq, where the United States provided hundreds of thousands of small arms to supportive forces during its long occupation. ISIS: Threat to West • Shown little desire or capability to launch major terrorist attacks in the U.S. • That could change • They still hold American hostages and have threatened the west • Western officials are concerned about sympathizers who may be inspired by ISIS to act as “lone wolves” What are we doing about ISIS? Working with your campaign team, take a look at what the current administration is doing by ISIS. What do you agree with? What do you disagree with? What should be done?