Housing You Can Live With

Report
Housing You Can Live With:
Universal Design, Accessibility &
Visitability in Single Family Housing
Virginia Accessible Housing Solutions
Virginia Association of Realtors
2011
Introduction

This course designed to provide housing
professionals with an overview of:


the increasing marketability, desirability and
need for accessible single-family housing
a description of the approaches, goals & essential
elements of universal design & accessibility
features for aging-in-place and visitability.
2
Learning Objectives


To understand the increasing need for and
marketability of a broad range of accessible
single family housing choices for persons
with disabilities, seniors, and their families,
caregivers, and friends.
To recognize that support for and
implementation of universal design
standards & visitability features benefit ALL
housing consumers.
3
Learning Objectives



To understand the needs and requirements of
persons with varying disabilities and mobility
impairments and how accessibility design guidelines
were developed.
To encourage development & marketing of
accessible features in single family housing as an
opportunity to meet the needs of a growing segment
of the population.
To understand the goals, approaches, & accessible
features of universal design & visitability.
4
The Need for Accessible Housing

According to the 2010 American
Community Survey conducted by the
U.S. Census Bureau, more than 36
million Americans have some
form of disability, and nearly 20
million of them have an “ambulatory
difficulty”.
5
The Need for Accessible Housing


More than 2.7 million people over
the age of 15 years use a
wheelchair
Another 7 million use a cane,
crutches, a walker or other mobility
aid.
6
The Need for Accessible Housing


The 2009 American Community
Survey estimates over 800,000
persons with some form of disability
in Virginia.
Nearly 1 million people in Virginia
are age 65 or over and a third has
some form of disability.
7
The Need for Accessible Housing


There is a substantial, and largely
untapped, market that would
directly benefit from an increased
availability of single family housing
with accessible design features.
A variety of market forces will make
accessible features increasingly
desirable
8
The Need for Accessible Housing






Nearly 90% of adults 50+ want to stay in
their homes as long as possible
Greater integration of people with
disabilities in community & workplace
Viable homeowners
Likely visitors
Adult children with disabilities living at
home
Returning veterans need accessible housing
9
Need for Accessible Housing

Accessible housing is an essential
means of ensuring that people with
disabilities are able to fully
participate in community life.
10
Need for Accessible Housing
Many persons with disabilities and
seniors can afford a variety of
accessible housing choices.
But the hardest combination to find is
Accessible and affordable housing
11
Group Activity/Discussion:

What experiences have you had
with a temporary or long-term
disability?
12
Definitions:

Disability:

A physical or mental impairment which
substantially limits one or more major
life activities; a record of such
impairment; or being regarded as
having such an impairment
13
Definitions:

Accessibility:

A continuous and unobstructed way of
travel from any point in a building or
facility that provides a barrier-free
route to an area of refuge, a horizontal
exit, or a public way.
14
Definitions:

Adaptable:

An area, space, building or housing unit
which can easily be made accessible
with minor additions or modifications.
15
Definitions:

Universal Design:

The design of products and
environments to be usable by all
people, to the greatest extent possible,
without the need for adaptation of
specialized design.
16
Definitions:

Visitability:

Building a minimal set of accessibility
features that allow persons with
disabilities to visit others in the
community and be able to move
around and use first-floor entrance and
bathroom.
17

There is NO current federal legal
requirement that new or existing
single family housing be accessible
to people with disabilities.
18
Overview of Inclusionary
Design
19
Hierarchy of Accessibility




No accessibility features
Minimal features that allow entry
and use of essential rooms
Essential accessibility features that
allow for adaptation
Full accessibility
20
Inclusionary Design Goals:



Allow maximum utility of space for
broadest range of people.
Generally voluntary, although there may be
“best practices” .
Increasing use by state and local
governments of incentives to encourage;
some localities have mandatory
requirements.
21
Inclusionary Design Goals:



Use of visitability features & Universal
Design is human, sensible, & good
marketing
Addresses safety & mobility needs of
changing population
Universal Design can apply to ALL housing
types
22
Development of Inclusionary
Design



Consideration of “human factors” in
the built environment
Anthropometrics – the dimension &
functional capacity of the human
body
Ergonomics – the application of
human factors to design
23
Development of Inclusionary
Design

Basis of accessible design is the
wheelchair user – if a space is
designed to be usable for
wheelchair, it will be accessible for
wide range of mobility
characteristics.
24
Universal Design & Visitability

Universal Design is the idea of
making things comfortable and
convenient for as many different
people at as many stages of life as
possible (Iowa Program for Assistive
Technology)
25
Universal Design & Visitability

Allow flexibility to adapt to changing
needs – including aging-in-place

Allow guests with mobility
impairments to visit

Reduce common causes of home
accidents

Make everyday life activities simpler.
26
3 Essential Features of Home Design
for Visitability



One zero-step entrance, at the front,
back or side of the house
All main floor doors, including
bathrooms, with at least 32 inches of
clear passage space
At least a half bath, preferably a full
bath, on the main floor
27
Visitability


Cost-efficient benefits to wide range
of residents & visitors
Makes future accessibility
adaptations relatively easy
28
The Principles of Universal Design
NC State University, Center for Universal Design

PRINCIPLE ONE: Equitable Use

The design is useful and marketable to
people with diverse abilities.
29
Principles of Universal Design

PRINCIPLE TWO: Flexibility in
Use

The design accommodates a wide
range of individual preferences and
abilities.
30
Principles of Universal Design

PRINCIPLE THREE: Simple and
Intuitive Use

Use of the design is easy to
understand, regardless of the user's
experience, knowledge, language skills,
or current concentration level.
31
Principles of Universal Design

PRINCIPLE FOUR: Perceptible
Information

The design communicates necessary
information effectively to the user,
regardless of ambient conditions or the
user's sensory abilities.
32
Principles of Universal Design

PRINCIPLE FIVE: Tolerance for
Error

The design minimizes hazards and the
adverse consequences of accidental or
unintended actions.
33
Principles of Universal Design

PRINCIPLE SIX: Low Physical
Effort

The design can be used efficiently and
comfortably and with a minimum of
fatigue.
34
Principles of Universal Design

PRINCIPLE SEVEN: Size and
Space for Approach and Use

Appropriate size and space is provided
for approach, reach, manipulation, and
use regardless of user's body size,
posture, or mobility.
35
Universal Design in Virginia



EasyLiving Home Virginia
Voluntary certification program
To encourage architects & builders
of single family homes, duplexes,
triplexes to include specific
accessibility features in new homes
36
Universal Design in Virginia

EasyLiving Home
Collaborative effort of Home Builders
Association of Virginia, individual builders,
Virginia Housing Development Authority,
AARP, Virginia Board for People with
Disabilities, and others
 The EasyLiving Home certification is
designed to meet the needs of an
emerging market and to encourage
builders to include cost-effective features
that enhance the accessibility and
visitability of single family homes

37
Universal Design in Virginia

Virginia Accessible Housing
Solutions, Inc.


Non-profit organization developed
cooperatively by representatives of the
building industry, government, and
accessibility advocates to promote
change in construction practices
without adversely affecting builders or
home buyers.
VAHS certifies EasyLiving homes
38
Easy Living Home certification

3 requirements:



Easy Access
Easy Passage
Easy Use
39
Easy Access

A step-free entrance and threshold
(not more than ½”) - from
driveway, sidewalk or other firm
route into the central living area
40
Stepless Entry
41
Stepless Entry
42
Stepless entry with operable sidelight
43
Stepless entry
44
w
Stepless entry from garage with package shelf
45
Easy Passage


Exterior door that provides stepfree entrance
Minimum 32” clear passage through
every interior door on main level
46
Interior doors
47
Access to closet
48
Measuring Exercise

How do you measure the clear
passage of doorways?
49
Measuring clear door width
50
Easy Use


No less than 1 bedroom, kitchen,
some entertainment area on main
floor
At least 1 full bathroom with
sufficient maneuvering space on
main floor
51
Accessible kitchen
52
Accessible kitchen
53
Accessible kitchen features
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Accessible kitchen cupboards & drawers
55
Accessible kitchen features
56
Kitchen layout & features
57
Accessible bath
58
Accessible bath
59
Accessible bath
60
Universal Design in Virginia

Virginia Livable Home Tax Credit



$5000 tax credit for purchase of newly
constructed residence with accessible
features integrated into the
construction
Up to 50% of the cost of retrofitting an
existing home (not to exceed $5,000)
Administered by Virginia Department of
Housing & Community Development
(DHCD)
61
Virginia Livable Home Tax Credit


New residential units must include
at least 3 features of universal
visitability standards OR 3
accessibility features.
Existing unit retrofitting must
include at least 1 accessibility or
visitability feature.
62
Virginia Livable Home Tax Credit


For more information on
requirements, application, and
limitations, see:
www.dhcd.virginia.gov/lhtc
63
Universal Design Examples
64
Universal Design Examples
65
Universal Design Examples
66
Some disability protections that apply
to single family housing:

1988 Fair Housing Amendments Act



Disability as protected class for all real
estate-related transactions
Accessible design and construction
requirements ONLY for “covered multifamily units” – NOT single family
homes
General requirements for reasonable
modifications and accommodations
applies to any housing covered by
FHAA
67
Some disability protections that apply
to single family housing:

1991 Americans with Disabilities Act



Does not directly cover private
residential housing
Title II covers services, programs and
activities provided or made available by
public entities (state & local
governments)
Title III covers public accommodations
& commercial facilities, including those
related to housing or amenities held
open to the public.
68
Resources

EasyLiving Home

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804-643-EASY (3279)
www.elhomes.org
DHCD Virginia Livable Home Tax
Credit – www.dhcd.virginia.gov/lhtc
Concrete Change

http://www.concretechange.org/
69
Resources

VHDA on developing housing for
persons with disabilities


Housing 101 http://www.vhda.com/BusinessPartners/Govand
Non-Profits/REACHVirginia/OutreachLiaison/Documents/Housing-101.pdf
The Center for Universal Design, NC
State University

http://www.ncsu.edu/www/ncsu/desig
n/sod5/cud/
70
Resources
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AccessVA – Virginia’s Accessible Housing
Resource
 http://www.accessva.org/
Barrier Free Homes listings
 www.barrierfreehome.com
Fair Housing FIRST
 http://www.fairhousingfirst.org
FHL Bank – Accessibility Rehabilitation
Loans
 www.fhlbatl.com
71
Questions & Answers
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