The International Dimension to STEM Transfer Trends Richard Nader, Ph.D. UNT-International (Interim) Vice Provost for International Affairs Propositions: • U.S. higher education institutions must get creative at attracting and retaining new streams of STEM students. • International students studying in the U.S. predominantly choose the STEM fields. • Many international students transfer from Community Colleges and many are in STEM. • International Transfer students tend to persist at higher rates than all Transfer students. Competition for Global Talent 3.5 million int’l. students world-wide. 3500 K 700 K 60 K 3K 0.3 K 700,000 (20%) study in the U.S. which is the top destination. 60,000 (8.5% of int’l. students in the US) study in Texas, a top3 state. About 2700 (4.5% of int’l. students in Texas) study at UNT, top-10 in Texas, top-2 in DFW Metroplex . About 300 international transfer students currently enrolled at UNT “In 2009, China produced 550,000 engineers, India produced 250,000 engineers, U.S. colleges graduated just 70,000 engineers….this U.S. lack of focus on preparing for the global, technologyintensive economy is the ‘quiet crisis’” Thomas Friedman, 2010 “U.S. advantages in the marketplace and in science and technology have begun to erode. A comprehensive and coordinated federal effort is urgently needed to bolster U.S. competitiveness………… ………….need to develop, recruit, and retain top students, scientists, and engineers from both the U.S. and abroad” Rising Above The Gathering Storm 0 DCCCD Mountain View… West Texas College DCCCD Cedar Valley College DCCCD Eastfield College McLennan Community… South Plains College North Central Texas College Tyler Junior College Lee College Del Mar College Midland College Kilgore College Tarrant County Northwest… Grayson County College Central Texas College Navarro College Blinn College Tarrant County South… Laredo Community College DCCCD El Centro College 2000 San Jacinto College North… Lone Star College Kingwood 3500 Tarrant County Northeast… Texas Southmost College San Antonio College Lone Star College Tomball Lamar State College Orange Tarrant County Southeast… 2500 Lone Star College… San Jacinto College Central… San Jacinto College South… El Paso Community… Lone Star College North… Lone Star College CY-Fair DCCCD Brookhaven College Collin County Community… DCCCD North Lake College DCCCD Richland College Austin Community College Houston Community College International Transfer Potential: where are they now? 4000 Enrollment of International Students at Texas Community Colleges (Fall 2010) 3000 Richland College (Vietnamese) Northlake College (Nepalese) 1500 1000 Int'l Students 500 Source: Texas Association for Community Colleges (TACC), 2011 How many international transfer students were enrolled at UNT during Fall 2010? 289 International Students in the U.S. by field of study (2009-2010) Agriculture Humanities Education Health Professions STEM Fine & Applied Arts Undergraduate Math & Computer Graduate Social Sciences Physical & Life Sciences Engineering Business & Management 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 Source: IIE, OpenDoors, 2010 How many international transfer students were enrolled in the STEM fields at UNT? 69 25% Georgia State Persistence Study (2010) Do international transfer students persist at a higher rate? 90.0% 100.0% 90.0% 80.0% 70.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% 80.0% 70.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% All Students International 1st Year Persistence Transfers All Students International Graduation Rates Source: Heather Housley, Georgia State University (2010) Suppositions: • Community Colleges producing STEM students may begin to see greater numbers of international students as part of the overall growth and according to catchment demographics. • International Transfer students from Community Colleges may increase from a “trickle to a flood” for 4-year schools targeting this population. • International Transfer students tend to persist at a higher rate than all Transfer students and therefore may positively impact STEM graduation rates. Research Challenges • Do international students studying in U.S. community colleges predominantly choose the STEM fields? • Do retention and graduation relationships between international and overall transfer populations apply to the STEM fields? • Do retention efforts that purposefully combine international student recruiting efforts with overall transfer recruiting yield higher overall success among STEM transfers? Conclusion • UNT has made recruiting and retaining International Transfers an equal priority for improving overall graduation rates of STEM majors.