GP Learning Mobility of young people

Report
EU POLICIES ON
EMPLOYABILITY
AND MOBILITY– a view
from higher education
A JOURNEY OF SKILLS
Antwerp, 8. November 2010
María Kristín Gylfadóttir, Policy Officer, DG EAC (Unit C1)
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Content
I.
Europe´s current education and employment
challenges
II. Strategic context: Europe 2020 and ET2020
III. Youth on the Move
IV. Higher Education in Youth on the Move
V. Key issues for updated modernisation agenda
VI. Agenda for New Skills for New Jobs; an update
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What will the European labour
market look like 10 years from now?
 Job Creation
 7 million new jobs; +73 million jobs due to replacement
 Skills Evolution
 Jobs becoming more knowledge- and skills-intensive
 Labour Supply
 Impact of globalisation and technological change on:
 sectoral employment structure
 demand for new and different types of skills
 By 2020, 35% of all jobs will require high-level qualifications
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Knowledge and skills-intensive
jobs on the rise
Changing occupational structure 1990 - 2020
(EU-27 + NO and CH)
Legislators, senior
officials and managers
20%
18%
Elementary
occupations
16%
Professionals
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
Plant;
machine operators
and assemblers
Technicians
and associate
professionals
4%
2%
0%
Craft and
related
trades workers
1990
2000
2010
2020
Clerks
Skilled
agricultural and
fishery workers
Service workers;
shop and market
sales workers
Source: Cedefop 2010
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Strategic policy context (1)
 Education & Training 2020 (adopted May 2009) defines
priorities for cooperation among EU MS in education and
training, with benchmarks to achieve by 2020
 Europe 2020 (adopted June 2010) defines the general
political agenda for the EU to achieve “smart, sustainable
and inclusive” growth including headline targets
 Youth on the Move (adopted September 2010) flagship focused on education and training and youth employment.
 An agenda for New Jobs and Skills (adopted November
2010) – focused on delivering right skills mix, anticipating
skills needs and bringing together work and education
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Strategic policy context (2)
“Europe 2020”
“E&T 2020”
“Youth on the Move”
“Agenda for New Skills”
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Europe 2020 targets in
Education and training
Early School Leaving (Age 18-24 without upper secondary qualification)
2009
2020
14.4%
10% at most
Higher Education Attainment (Age 30-34 with HE qualification)
2009
2020
40% at least
32.3%
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Why Youth on the Move?
 An EU “flagship initiative” to help achieve Europe
2020 targets by “responding to the challenges
young people face and to help them succeed in the
knowledge economy”
 Youth unemployment in the EU = over 20%
 Partly skills-related: high school drop outs / low
higher education attainment etc. affect
employability
 Partly labour market-related: need for reform of
rules and better support to get started in a job
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Youth on the Move actions
Four lines of action:
I.
Lifelong learning (schools, VET, non/informal)
II. Higher education
III. Learning and employment mobility
IV. A European youth employment framework
 All to be implemented through Open Method of
Coordination, with support from EU funding
programmes
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Higher education in
Youth on the Move
 Updating of 2006 Modernisation Communication –
highlighting progress and new priority areas
 Supports Bologna process (intergovernmental), but
more wide ranging
 Consultation and preparatory work beginning now
 Ongoing work on a global multi-dimensional ranking
for higher education institutions
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Likely key issues for EU higher
education reform agenda
I.
Ongoing curriculum, governance and funding reform
II. Employability of graduates
III. Innovation
IV. Strengthening mobility
V. Widening access / social dimension
VI. Reinforcing the global dimension
VII. Tools to improve transparency
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Employability and
Modernisation Agenda
 Key element in Youth on the Move (September 2010) /
New Skills and Jobs (November 2010)
 Labour markets increasingly rely on higher skill levels and
“transversal” competences
 Raising initial qualification levels and maintaining and
renewing a skilled workforce (LLL)
 Encourage work placements embedded in study
programmes as well as on-the-job learning
 Balance between employability and other personal
development goals
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Mobility and
Modernisation agenda
 Mobility target: 20 by 2020. 20% of graduates to have
had study or training abroad
 COM asked by Council to propose benchmark by
end of 2010, reflecting Bologna objective
 May 2009 Green Paper on Learning Mobility, July 2009
 September 2009 – Council Recommendation on
learning mobility – part of Youth on the Move
 Feasibility study on EU student lending facility for
mobility (with EIB)
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New Skills for New Jobs:
The journey so far











Expert Report on New Skills for New Jobs: Action Now (February 2010)
Draft Opinion from the Public Employment Services ((PES)
Transparenty: on-going reform of national qualifications systems (EQF)
European Skills, Competencies and Occupations taxonomy (ESCO)
Further development of Europass
18 foresight studies on skills needs in sectors (summer 2009)
Cedefop´s Updated Forecast of skills supply and demand (February
2010) and ongoing research on “skills needs in green jobs”
European Vacancy Monitor; short-term trends on EU labour markets
Communication on Business-University cooperation (April 2009)
2009 Leuven Communiqué – employability of graduates
NSNJ as a priority of cooeration in VET
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An Agenda for New Skills andJobs:
key messages of new Communication

Delivering the right mix of skills



Bridging the gaps: towards a common language between
the worlds of work and education


European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning (EEQF)
European Skills Passport
European Skills, Competencies and Occupations taxonomy (ESCO)
Better anticipation and analysis of skills needs


Cedefop work....regular forcasts of supply and demand of skills
EU level “sector councils on employment and skills”
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Thank you !
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