Create your creator Bell Work • Why do you think some cultures worship only one god while others worship many? Step 1 • On your own or with 1 partner choose a spot on the map for your city • Name your city • Create your patron god • What does your god look like? (draw its image or symbol) • Why do you worship this god? • What are 2 of your god’s responsibilities? Prepare to share Step 2 • Join with 1 other group • You must now combine your gods • Create a new name for your god. • What are 2 responsibilities of your god? • How has your god’s image changed? Prepare to share Last Step • What if we all combined into one? • What would we do then? Unification • Narmer – 3100 BC • United upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom • Each city keeps its patron god • The god of the sun – Re – becomes the most popular and powerful of Egypt’s many gods Egyptian Theocracy Bell Work • Please analyze the cartoon by using: • List objects/people • Identify symbols • Explain the message Consider… • To what degree should religion be involved in public life? • Should the nation’s rules be based on religion? • Should the faith our president follows matter? Theocracy • A form of political organization in which the government is based on religious principles. Who ruled? VIZIER High Priests / Nobles Doctors, engineers, etc. Scribes & merchants Craftsmen Slaves, farmers, etc. Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods Khnum • The Ram headed Sun God • 1 of 3 versions of Ra • God of rebirth and creation • Temple at Karnak Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods Osiris • God of the Dead • Murdered by his brother Set • Restored by Isis Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods Isis • Goddess of Nature • Wife of Osiris Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods Anubis • God of Mummification • Weighs the soul of the dead in the underworld What was life like in an Egyptian Theocracy? • No say in government but… • You could move from class to class • Marriage, education, children, and women were respected • Women could own property, work outside the home, and even rule as pharaoh • Males must serve in the military for a time • As a farmer you would work on building projects during the ‘off season’ Egyptian Theocracy • Why did ancient Egyptians care about the pharaoh's experience in the afterlife? Care for the afterlife Care in the afterlife • Canopic jars • Shabti Care in the afterlife • Personal Items Egyptian Theocracy In Life • Pharaoh WAS the sun god reborn and ruled by divine right • Priests advised him on what their god would want him to do • The people did not question government or vote • In general citizens had the freedom to pursue the life the wanted After Death • Pharaoh became the Ram Headed Sun God after death and travelled through the underworld • Pharaoh’s subjects went to great pains to preserve his body, prepare his tomb with spells and servants, and protect his final resting place • They did this to ensure the sun continued to rise Homework • Design your own theocracy 1. Who would be in control? 2. What would the rules for your society be? 3. Would you base these rules on an existing religion or a new one? 4. What types of ceremonies or rituals would you have? 5. How would you view the afterlife? 6. As the leader, when you die how will they handle your body and soul? 7. Would you rule as a living god or just with the god’s authority? • What is your god like? Bell Work • Directions: • 1st hand in your “perfect theocracy” assignment • 2nd Briefly answer the questions below regarding EGYPTIAN theocracy 1. Describe their religious beliefs. 2. Who holds control? 3. How did rulers control the people? 4. What was life like for people who lived in this theocracy? Mayan Sacrifice 1. What type of sacrifices are the Maya making? 1. Why are they making these sacrifices? 1. Why do they stop? 2. Who is Kukulkan and what does he want? The Maya and Aztecs 1. Describe their religious beliefs. 2. Who holds control? 3. How did rulers control the people? 4. What was life like for people who lived in this theocracy? 5. How did it end? Bell Work 1. How are the Egyptian Theocracy and the Mayan Theocracy different? 2. The same? • Please use the Venn Diagram (right) to answer this question Venn Diagram Mayan traits Same Egyptian traits Different: 1. 2. 3. religious beliefs? Who holds control? What was life like Different: 1. 2. 3. religious beliefs? Who holds control? What was life like Iran • Atefah Sahaaleh • What was her life like? • What are some examples of Sharia law? Iran • Atefah Sahaaleh • Why is she arrested a 2nd a time? Iran • Atefah Sahaaleh • What was her sentence? • Did Atefah know what was going to happen to her? Happy Friday • No BW • Today’s Agenda • Intro to project • Complete reading and worksheet (due Monday) • Hand out posters Bell Work • Please grab a poster from the front table and write your NAME on the back. • Today’s Agenda • • • • • Check Iran Worksheet Share proper source format Share possible 3rd source Hand out posters 214 for research Bell Work • Take out your Iran Reading worksheet and show it to Mrs. V • If you haven’t finished it you will not be allowed to work on a computer until it is done • WKCE Letters • 214 for research • REMINDER* • Project is due tomorrow • • • • Poster Summary Current event summary Sources Bell Work • None, today is a work day for you to finish your Theocracy Project • We do not have access to computers for everyone • REMINDER* • Project is due tomorrow • • • • Poster Summary Current event summary Sources Today’s Agenda • Project Presentations • You will share • Paragraph 3 of your summary • Your current event summary Quiz Monday** • You will hand in • • • • Poster theocracy summary Current event summary sources Tomorrow - Finish presentations? -CSI -Middle East Bell Work: Please copy down these directions for TEST CORRECTIONS 1. Write the number of the question you had wrong on a SEPARATE piece of paper 2. Write the CORRECT answer next to it o • If it was a multiple choice question, 1st write the correct letter and then the letter’s answer If it is an essay, ONLY address the portion of the essay you lost points on. If you lost points on the entire essay, rewrite the whole thing 3. You will HAND IN • Test • Separate sheet with corrections • Staple these together Friday • Today’s Agenda • Hand Back Tests • Hand in Iran Sources (Theocracy Reading, comic) • Finish presentations • Middle East Article • CSI • HOMEWORK: Study for Quiz MONDAY The Middle East • Birthplace of: • Writing • Monotheism • Cities • ½ the world’s spiritual origins • Largest oil and gas reserves • 9/11 hijackers • 2 wars = Iraq and Afghanistan • 6,000 + US casualties • Arab Spring and the demand for Democracy The Middle East and Oil • Found by the British 100 years ago • Found by the US in Saudi Arabia 1938 • Close and sometimes shady ties • Drastically changed the lifestyle in the ME 10 Things you need to know about the Middle East (actually 3) • Please read :#7#9#10 • Then answer the following 1. Why is there tension between the US and Iran? 2. Do all Iranians dislike the US? • How do you know this? 3. How does the US relationship between Iran and Saudi Arabia differ? • Why does this difference exist? 4. Should the US encourage Saudi Arabia to increase freedoms for its people? • Why or why not? 5. Do you believe the Arab Spring will bring democracy to the region?