NATIONALISM IN INDIA & SOUTHWEST ASIA

Report
NATIONALISM
IN INDIA
&
SOUTHWEST
ASIA
Revolutions
There are two types of
revolution:
Violent & Non-violent
Violent Revolt
Examples
of
Violent
The
The Oppressors
Oppressors
Revolt:
Pressure
• American Revolution
• French Revolution
Pressure
The
Oppressed
• Russian
Revolution
Physical
Violence
• Chinese Communist
Revolution
Non-Violent revolt
World Opinion & Prestige
ExamplesPressure
of Non-Violent
Revolt:
The Oppressors
• Indian Revolution
Pressure
• American Civil Rights
The Oppressed
Movement
Civil Disobedience
• Modern American
Labor Movement
HOW DID EACH OF
THE FOLLOWING
CONTRIBUTE TO
NATIONAL
INDEPENDENCE
FOR INDIA?
1. Formation of Congress
Party & Muslim League
‫مسلم لیگ‬
• End Foreign rule
• National
Independence
2. World War One
•Increased interest
in self gov’t
•Expectations of
Reform by Britain
3. Rowlatt Acts
•Individual rights
violated
•Violent protest
4. Massacre at
Amritsar
•Nearly 400 killed;
1200+ wounded
•Loyal British
Dyer
reported to his superiors
that he had
subjects
become
been "confronted by a revolutionary army,"
nationalist
and had been obliged "to teach a moral
lesson to the Punjab."
5. Campaign of Civil
Disobedience
• Weakened
British Authority
મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ
ગાંધી
6. Salt March
•Peaceful
Demonstration against
the “Salt Tax”
•Gained worldwide
Support for the
Movement
HOW DID EACH
COUNTRY GAIN
IT’S
INDEPENDENCE?
7. Turkey
•Mustafa Kemal
overthrows the
weak Ottoman
Sultan
8. Persia
(Iran)
•Nationalist revolt
led to Reza Shah
Pahlavi taking
power
‫رضا پهلوی‬
9. Saudi Arabia
•Ibn Saud unifies
Arabia & Renames
it.
‫عبدالعزيز آل سعود‬

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