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Aim: Why are the Crusades called
“history’s most successful failure?”
Do Now:
1. Define “crusades.”
2. Who fought in the Crusades?
3. Why did the Crusades happen?
4. Who won Jerusalem?
Do Now Responses:
1. The Crusades (1096-1291) were ______
__________________________________.
2. _________________and _____________
fought in the Crusades.
3. The Crusades happened because ______
___________________________________.
4. _____________won Jerusalem.
Jerusalem
Jerusalem is here.
There is fighting between
Palestinian Muslims & Jews
For this territory.
Middle East
Why was Constantinople so
important geographically?
What Happened?
• Christians saw
•
•
Muslims as “infidels”
“Infidel” is someone
who doesn’t share
your religious belief.
Muslims saw
Christians as
infidels, too.
Activity:
• The Crusaders (Christians) never
recaptured the Holy Land (Jerusalem)
from the Muslims. However, the Crusades
did have a great effect on Europeans.
Look at the chart on your handout to see
how the Crusades changed Europe.
• You are to answer questions #1-3 in full
sentences in your notebooks.
RESULTS OF THE
CRUSADES IN
EUROPE
ENDED
FEUDALISM
1. Many serfs
died, others did
not return to
Europe.
2. Kings
gained more
power because
many Nobles
died.
INCREASED
TRADE
1. Crusaders wanted
the spices, new foods
and products found
in the Middle East.
2. Many merchant
became rich.
3. Money and banks
became important in
Europe.
CITIES BECAME
IMPORTANT
1. The trade route to
the East went
through the
Mediterranean Sea.
2. Cities along the
trade routes became
very rich.
3. Examples are
Genoa and Venice,
both in Italy.
CIVILIZATIONS
ADVANCED
1. Merchants brought
back Muslim
discoveries such as
the compass, algebra,
new ways to build
ships and new ideas
in medicine.
Questions:
1. The four ways in which the Crusades
changed Europe are
_________________, ______________,
_______________, and _______________.
Results of the Crusades
• Failure to win back the
Holy Land.
• Decline of Pope’s prestige
& feudalism.
• Interest in other places
ideas, and cultures.
Responses:
2. If you lives in Europe during the 13th
century (1200-1299), how would the
results of the Crusades have changed your
life?
Responses:
3. Cultural diffusion means that ideas and
cultures spread from one part of the world
to another. How did the Crusades cause
cultural diffusion during the Middle Ages?
What do you think?
• Were Crusades a poor decision? Good
decision? Why or why not?
• Should you impose your ideas on someone
else?
• Were there some good things that
happened as a result?
• Would you have supported the idea of
Crusading?
Regents Questions:
• In Europe, a long-term effect of the Crusades was
1. the strengthening of the feudal system
2. the adoption of Islamic religious practices
3. an increased demand for goods from the East
4. increased European isolation
Regents Questions:
• The art, music, and philosophy of the medieval
period in Europe generally dealt with
1. human scientific achievements
2. religious themes
3. materialism
4. classic Greek and Roman subjects
Regents Questions:
• Which statement best describes the result of the Crusades?
1. Europeans maintained a lasting control over much of the Middle
East
2. Islamic influence dominated Europe
3. Europeans developed tolerance of Non-Christian religions
4. trade between Europe and the Middle East was expanded
Regents Questions:
• What were two indirect results of the Crusades?
1. trade and commerce increased and the feudal system was
strengthened
2. trade and commerce declined and the feudal system was
strengthened
3. trade and commerce increased and the feudal system was
weakened
4. trade and commerce declined and the feudal system was
weakened
Regents Questions:
• Which economic system existed in Europe during the
early Middle Ages?
1. free market
2. socialism
3. manorialism
4. command
The End

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