Unit 2 Industrial Revolution and Imperialism

Report
2012 Mr. Belcastro Modern World History
UNIT 2 INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND
IMPERIALISM
1. THE AGRICULTURAL CHANGES WHICH
TOOK PLACE IN ENGLAND DURING THE
1600S CONTRIBUTED TO ENGLAND’S
LATER INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT BY
1.
2.
3.
4.
A. strengthening the importance of the
family farm.
B. breaking large estates into smaller farms.
C. encouraging city dwellers to return to
farming.
D. producing more food with fewer workers.
2. LOUIS PASTEUR’S RESEARCH INTO GERM
THEORY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY IS
SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE IT
1.
2.
3.
4.
created safety standards for machine
workers.
led to techniques that increase crop
production.
identified the importance of vitamins to
nutrition.
proved that cleanliness helps to prevent
infections.
THE STREETS WERE HOT AND DUSTY ON THE SUMMER DAY. STOKERS
EMERGED FROM LOW UNDERGROUND DOORWAYS INTO FACTORY YARDS,
AND SAT ON STEPS, AND POSTS, AND PALINGS, WIPING THEIR SWARTHY
VISAGES, AND CONTEMPLATING COALS. THE WHOLE TOWN SEEMED TO BE
FRYING IN OIL. THERE WAS A STIFLING SMELL OF HOT OIL EVERYWHERE. THE
STEAM-ENGINES SHONE WITH IT, THE MILLS THROUGHOUT THEIR MANY
STORIES OOZED AND TRICKLED IT. —CHARLES DICKENS, HARD TIMES, 1854
3.THE HISTORICAL ERA MOST LIKELY REFERRED TO IN THIS
QUOTATION IS THE
1.
2.
3.
Industrial Revolution.
Great Awakening.
French Revolution.
4 IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, LABOR UNIONS
DEVELOPED MOSTLY IN RESPONSE TO
1.
2.
3.
4.
A increasing unemployment.
B government ownership of businesses.
C wages and working conditions.
D racial and gender discrimination.
5. TO INCREASE PRODUCTION OUTPUT DURING
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, BUSINESSES
PRIMARILY INVESTED IN
1.
2.
3.
4.
workers’ wages.
machinery.
training.
marketing.
6. IN THE MID-1700S, HOW DID TRADE
CONTRIBUTE TO THE EARLY GROWTH OF AN
INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY IN GREAT BRITAIN?
1.
2.
3.
4.
It allowed the British to educate their
workforce.
It provided funds to pay high wages to the
new labor class.
It enabled British merchants to hire skilled
foreign laborers.
It gave British entrepreneurs the capital
needed to open new factories.
7. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR DECREASED
EUROPE’S SUPPLY OF COTTON FROM THE
AMERICAN SOUTH. WHAT DID THE EUROPEANS
DO TO MAINTAIN THE FLOW OF THIS NATURAL
RESOURCE FOR THEIR TEXTILE INDUSTRIES?
1. European factory owners agreed to pay a
higher price for American cotton.
2. European factory owners supported abolition
of slavery to end the Civil War.
3. European factory owners turned to Egypt and
India as new sources of cotton.
4. European governments intervened militarily to
force the resumption of the trade in cotton.
8. WHAT LATE-EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY
EUROPEAN ARTISTIC MOVEMENT AROSE
AS A REACTION AGAINST CLASSICISM’S
EMPHASIS ON REASON?
1.
2.
3.
4.
impressionism
realism
romanticism
surrealism
9. THE SOCIAL CRITICISM OF CHARLES
DICKENS’S NOVELS HARD TIMES AND
DAVID COPPERFIELD WAS A RESPONSE TO
CONDITIONS BROUGHT ABOUT BY
1.
2.
3.
4.
colonial conflicts.
industrialization.
unionization.
parliamentary reforms.
10. AT THE END OF THE 1800S, COLONIES WERE
GENERALLY SEEN AS A
1.
2.
3.
4.
place to banish criminals.
sign of a country’s relative power.
location to train military forces.
method for suppressing nationalism.
11. ECONOMICALLY, WHAT ENABLED JAPAN TO
BECOME A COLONIAL POWER AFTER 1894?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Agricultural advances increased the
population and forced Japan to look for new
land.
Japanese trade wars against the United
States removed regional competition for
colonies.
Industrialization allowed Japan to expend
resources on military and colonial expansion.
The Japanese were forced to acquire colonies
in Asia when European trade was banned.
12. IN THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY, THE
BRITISH COMMONLY REFERRED TO THE SUEZ
CANAL IN EGYPT AS THE “LIFELINE OF THE
EMPIRE” BECAUSE IT
1.
2.
3.
4.
held large deposits of coal needed by British
industries.
provided a strategic shipping route to British
colonies.
served as a ship-building center for the British
navy.
irrigated several cash crops in the British
colonies.
13. IN 1900, ANTI-FOREIGN SENTIMENT IN
CHINA LED TO AN UPRISING KNOWN AS THE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Nian Rebellion.
Boxer Rebellion.
Taiping Rebellion.
Sepoy Rebellion.
14. THE COLLAPSE OF THE LAST CHINESE
EMPIRE IN 1912 WAS CAUSED BY THE
IMPERIAL GOVERNMENT’S FAILURE TO
1.
2.
3.
4.
control foreign influence.
educate the masses.
enter into alliances with other nations.
repel communist guerrillas.
15. MOHANDAS GANDHI USED HIS PHILOSOPHY
OF NONVIOLENT NONCOOPERATION IN AN
EFFORT TO
1.
2.
3.
4.
form a Marxist government in India.
convince his fellow Indians to support the
Allies in World War II.
persuade Pakistanis to separate from India.
achieve India’s independence from Great
Britain.
16. BY 1914, ETHIOPIA AND LIBERIA WERE THE
ONLY TWO AFRICAN COUNTRIES TO
1.
2.
3.
4.
establish democratic governments.
develop industrial economies.
retain their independence.
colonize other nations.

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