Family usually valued the most. Family life changing in Canada. Why? Rising divorce rates More single-parent families Same –sex couples Family is universal among all societies, but its form and that of the marriage that brings about a family are not universal. Canadian Society = Monogamy ( which a person may have only one wife or husband at a time. Polygamy: One person can be married to two or more members of the opposite sex. There are two forms of polygamy; 1) polyandry 2) polygyny POLYANDRY: woman marries two or more men. Where is this seen? Tibet and among the Todas of southern India POLYGYNY: a man can marry two or more women at the same time. Seen in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and other Islamic countries and among some of the mormons of the United States. New Guinea : among Banaro tribe, a women can only marry after she has borne a child, and the husband cannot be the father of the child. In Nigeria: among the Igbo people, a woman may take another women as a wife if she can live up to the same financial obligations as a male bridegroom. Wife may have a baby by another man, but the female husband has full paternity rights. Idea of romantic love is relatively new in western societies and has been uncommon in practically all non-western societies until recently. Arranged marriages Younger people need the guidance of their older parents. Love will develop as the couple settles down Exchange of property Bride price Dowry Anthropologists say that in societies where women are valued, a bride price is paid; in those in which they are not valued as highly as men, a dowry is paid. Why do we cringe at arranged marriages? Are marriages for love really that different? Western marriage may not be so different then arranged marriages. Most partners have similar educational , ethnic, and religious backgrounds and come from the same social class. Nuclear family: father, mother, children living together. Extended family: a family unit consisting of a husband, wife, children, grandparents and other relatives Blended family: when one or both partners in a marriage have children from a previous marriage and combine them to form a new family. Patrilineal System: when relatives of a family are deemed by society to be from the father’s side. Matrilineal System: When relatives of a family are deemed by society to be from the mother’s side only Bilateral System: When relatives of a family are deemed by society to be from both parents’ sides. Is the family as a an institution on the decline in the Canada? Why or why not?