Uno Cygnaeus

Uno Cygnaeus
William E. Dugger, Jr.
Uno Cygnaeus 200th Anniversary Symposium
University of Jyväskylä
October 12-13, 2010
We are here to celebrate
the 200th Anniversary
Uno Cygnaeus
About Uno Cygnaeus:
 Born in Hämeenlinna, Finland in 1810.
 Father was responsible for teaching him different folk
processes such as woodworking and handicraft skills.
 From his father Cygnaeus gained a respect and love for
working with his hands.
 His father (who was treasurer of the province) died
when Cygnaeus was 8 years old.
About Uno Cygnaeus (continued):
 Cignaeus attended the University of Turku and later the
University of Helsinki majoring in natural sciences and
 He received a masters degree in 1836.
 His formal working career began 1837 when he was ordained
as a priest and served in Viipuri as an assistant pastor, prison
chaplain, and teacher until 1839.
 This experience here and his study of educational
philosophers such as Pestalozzi and Frobel helped him to form
his own educational philosophy and ideas.
About Uno Cygnaeus (continued):
 From 1839 to 1845, Cygnaeus was priest at the Lutheran
parrish of New Archangel in Sitka, Alaska (Russia).
 He next served (1846-1858) as priest and director of a
Finnish school in St. Petersburg, Russia.
 In 1858, Cygnaeus returned to Finland. He then was
granted a traveling grant by the Finnish Senate to study
educational systems in other countries in Europe.
 During his travels, he took many notes and compiled a
detailed report to the Senate in 1860.
About Uno Cygnaeus (continued):
 He was asked by the Senate to write a plan on a new
general educational system for Finland. This plan was
approved in 1861 and it included a “Folk School” as a
basic school. The plan was approved as “law”in 1866 by
the Russian Czar.
 Additionally in 1861, Cygnaeus was appointed as Chief
Inspector of Schools in Finland (a position that he held
for 26 years until 1887)
Uno Cygnaeus
 He was one of the most influental
educators of his time
 Recognized as the “Father of the Finnish
Folk School”
 Founder of the Jyväskylä Seminar (to
prepare teachers)
 First to use the term “technology” as it
relates to education
Uno Cygnaeus
 Advocated separation of church and state with
 Promoted a general educational system for boys
and girls
 Perceived everyone needing education for work
(not as a vocational subject but as general
 Viewed work as a “moral responsibility” and
believed it to be an honor for man to accomplish it
 Cygnaeus had a passion about education and work and
itsbenefit to children. He not only had dreams about
what could be but he also had the means and ability to
carry out his dreams. Cygnaeus achieved greatness
during and after his life.
 This brings to mind a quote about the greatness of a
person like Cygnaeus:
 “So when a great man dies for years beyond our kin, the light
he leaves behind him lies upon the paths of men.” (Johann
Heinrich Pestalozzi)
A special thank you to
Tapani Kananoja and Aki Rasinen
for their help in this presentation
Thank You!
William E. Dugger, Jr.
Senior Fellow and Former Director
Technology for All Americans Project
International Technology and Engineering Educators Association
[email protected]
Emeritus Professor, Virginia Tech
[email protected]
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presentation online:

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