3.1 The Great Awakening and Enlightenment Main Idea Two social and political movements led to colonial want for independence. Why It Matters Now Political and social movements still influence American society. CA Standards • 8.1.1 Describe the relationship between the moral and political ideas of the Great Awakening and the development of revolutionary fervor. • 8.1.4 Describe the nation’s blend of civil republicanism, classical liberal principles, and English parliamentary traditions. • 8.3.7 Understand the functions and responsibilities of a free press. Daily Guided Questions (DGQs) 1. How did the traditions of liberty take hold in the colonies? 2. Why was John Peter Zenger found not guilty of libel? 3. How did the enlightenment affect people’s ideas about government? Self-Government • Colonists are loyal to Britain (England) • Take months to hear from England. • Created representative governments. -House of Burgesses, 1619. -Mayflower Compact, 1620. • Town Meetings, people would gather to make decisions for the community. -Each colony created legislature similar to Parliament. -Each colony created their own laws. The Great Awakening • Religious revival of the 1730s and 1740s. • Puritan membership decline. • Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield preach. -man’s sinful, seek God’s mercy. Impact • Religious tolerance -Different groups join churches. -Opening of schools and universities. • Reinforced demo. ideas. -Colonists realized if they can decide on how to worship God, they can also decide how to govern themselves. Reflect and Share • Take a minute to answer the first DGQ. • Then share the answer with your partner. • Add/Change your answer. 1. How did the traditions of liberty take hold in the colonies? Zenger Trial, 1735 • Printed article that criticized Gov. of New York. -Charged with libel. -Used “truth” as defense. -Beginning of Amer. freedom of press. Reflect and Share • Take a minute to answer the second DGQ. • Then share the answer with your partner. • Add/Change your answer. 2. Why was John Peter Zenger found not guilty of libel? Renaissance • Humanism. -Curiosity about human beings and natural world. • Global exploration. -Brought back new foods and animals. • New technology. -Telescope. -Microscope. -Thermometer. -Barometer. Scientists • Nicolaus Copernicus. -Sun centered solar system. • Johannes Kepler. -Proved Copernicus beliefs with science. • Galileo Galilei. -Proved that heavenly bodies didn’t revolve around the earth. -imprisoned by the church from his ideas. The Enlightenment • Movement in 1700s emphasizing reason and observation. -use of reason and science to explain world. -spread quickly through books and pamphlets. • Colonial leaders embrace ideas. -Benjamin Franklin. Isaac Newton • English mathematician that proved earlier scientists with theories or Laws. -Gravity, force that pulls objects to the center of the Earth or sun. -Distance between objects. -Matter in each object. Ideas on Government • John Locke. -Natural rights, humans are born with rights that no government can take away. -Life, liberty, and personal property. • Baron de Montesquieu. -Separation of powers in government will prevent abuses of power. • Jean Jacques Rousseau. -Social contract, unwritten agreement between the people and the government. Effects of Both Movements • Interest in learning, colleges found. • Question authority of both church and state. -Stress individual’s importance. -atmosphere lead to American Rev. Reflect and Share • Take a minute to answer the third DGQ. • Then share the answer with your partner. • Add/Change your answer. 3. How did the enlightenment affect people’s ideas about government? Group B 1. Primary Source pg. 615 -Read Jonathan Mayhew, On the limited Submission to Rulers, answer the three questions at the bottom. 2. Reading Charts pg. 46 -Copy down the chart Divine Rights vs. Natural Rights and answer the questions. 3. Primary Source pg. 47 -Read the quote of Baron de Montesquieu’s, The Spirit of the Laws and answer the questions. ANSWER ALL ASSIGNMENTS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES. Group C • Go to PHSchool.com. • Punch in web code mya-1021 and take the quiz. -Review your notes if you don’t get a perfect score and retake your quiz. • Punch in web code mya-1022 and take the quiz. -Review your notes if you don’t get a perfect score and retake your quiz. • Use any extra time to complete your colony brochure or to study for your quiz.