3.1 The Great Awakening and Enlightenment Main Idea

Report
3.1 The Great Awakening and
Enlightenment
Main Idea
Two social and
political movements
led to colonial want
for independence.
Why It Matters Now
Political and social
movements still
influence American
society.
CA Standards
• 8.1.1 Describe the relationship between
the moral and political ideas of the Great
Awakening and the development of
revolutionary fervor.
• 8.1.4 Describe the nation’s blend of civil
republicanism, classical liberal principles,
and English parliamentary traditions.
• 8.3.7 Understand the functions and
responsibilities of a free press.
Daily Guided Questions (DGQs)
1. How did the traditions of liberty
take hold in the colonies?
2. Why was John Peter Zenger found
not guilty of libel?
3. How did the enlightenment affect
people’s ideas about government?
Self-Government
• Colonists are loyal to Britain (England)
• Take months to hear from England.
• Created representative governments.
-House of Burgesses, 1619.
-Mayflower Compact, 1620.
• Town Meetings, people would gather to make
decisions for the community.
-Each colony created legislature similar to
Parliament.
-Each colony created their own laws.
The Great Awakening
• Religious revival of
the 1730s and 1740s.
• Puritan membership
decline.
• Jonathan Edwards
and George
Whitefield preach.
-man’s sinful, seek
God’s mercy.
Impact
• Religious tolerance
-Different groups join churches.
-Opening of schools and universities.
• Reinforced demo. ideas.
-Colonists realized if they can decide
on how to worship God, they can also
decide how to govern themselves.
Reflect and Share
• Take a minute to answer the first
DGQ.
• Then share the answer with your
partner.
• Add/Change your answer.
1. How did the traditions of liberty
take hold in the colonies?
Zenger Trial, 1735
• Printed article
that criticized
Gov. of New
York.
-Charged with
libel.
-Used “truth” as
defense.
-Beginning of
Amer. freedom of
press.
Reflect and Share
• Take a minute to answer the second
DGQ.
• Then share the answer with your
partner.
• Add/Change your answer.
2. Why was John Peter Zenger found
not guilty of libel?
Renaissance
• Humanism.
-Curiosity about human beings and natural
world.
• Global exploration.
-Brought back new foods and animals.
• New technology.
-Telescope.
-Microscope.
-Thermometer.
-Barometer.
Scientists
• Nicolaus Copernicus.
-Sun centered solar system.
• Johannes Kepler.
-Proved Copernicus beliefs with science.
• Galileo Galilei.
-Proved that heavenly bodies didn’t revolve
around the earth.
-imprisoned by the church from his ideas.
The Enlightenment
• Movement in 1700s emphasizing
reason and observation.
-use of reason and science to explain
world.
-spread quickly through books and
pamphlets.
• Colonial leaders embrace ideas.
-Benjamin Franklin.
Isaac Newton
• English mathematician that proved
earlier scientists with theories or
Laws.
-Gravity, force that pulls objects to the
center of the Earth or sun.
-Distance between objects.
-Matter in each object.
Ideas on Government
• John Locke.
-Natural rights, humans are born with rights
that no government can take away.
-Life, liberty, and personal property.
• Baron de Montesquieu.
-Separation of powers in government will
prevent abuses of power.
• Jean Jacques Rousseau.
-Social contract, unwritten agreement
between the people and the government.
Effects of Both Movements
• Interest in learning, colleges found.
• Question authority of both church
and state.
-Stress individual’s importance.
-atmosphere lead to American Rev.
Reflect and Share
• Take a minute to answer the third
DGQ.
• Then share the answer with your
partner.
• Add/Change your answer.
3. How did the enlightenment affect
people’s ideas about government?
Group B
1. Primary Source pg. 615
-Read Jonathan Mayhew, On the limited Submission to
Rulers, answer the three questions at the bottom.
2. Reading Charts pg. 46
-Copy down the chart Divine Rights vs. Natural Rights
and answer the questions.
3. Primary Source pg. 47
-Read the quote of Baron de Montesquieu’s, The Spirit of
the Laws and answer the questions.
ANSWER ALL ASSIGNMENTS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.
Group C
• Go to PHSchool.com.
• Punch in web code mya-1021 and take the
quiz.
-Review your notes if you don’t get a perfect
score and retake your quiz.
• Punch in web code mya-1022 and take the
quiz.
-Review your notes if you don’t get a perfect
score and retake your quiz.
• Use any extra time to complete your colony
brochure or to study for your quiz.

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