what we can learn from DI and how to develop preventive services in

Report
ONE STEP FURTHER
WHAT WE CAN LEARN FROM DI IN BULGARIA
AND HOW TO DEVELOP PREVENTIVE
SERVICES IN COOPERATION WITH
MUNICIPALITIES
RADOSTINA PANEVA
SOS CHILDREN`S VILLAGES INTERNATIONAL OFFICE CEE/CIS
Content
 Background information
 Process
 Practical steps
 Examples
p. 2
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Some statistic
p. 3
Type of institutions
Number of children in 2001
( action plan )
Number of children mid of
2013 (monitoring report )
homes for medico-social
care for children aged 0-3
3563
1378 ( 30 )
homes for children deprived 7145
of parental care aged from 3
to 18 years
1638 ( 57 )
homes for children with
mental retardation and 1
home for children with
physical disabilities
1184 ( 24 )
1905
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The beginning: 14 years ago
Reformation of the system and need of preventive services




p. 4
Pilot projects – good practices in new services
Contributing to legal framework
Capacity building
Service provision – however services isolated and in
parallel
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Why cooperation between NGOs and
Municipality
 Know – how of NGOs
 Flexibility of NGOs
 Project funding does not allow long-term
development for the social services
 Municipalities as contracting authorities
p. 5
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Provision of preventive services
 Social services do not include education, healthcare,
etc.
 Social service providers can be NGOs, companies
or individuals
 All providers of social services (except
municipalities) have to register in a registry
 Services for children need a license
 Social services could be contracted by the
municipalities
p. 6
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Possible mechanism :Social contracting
 Role of the State : delegates the provision of social
services but continues to have the obligation for the
service:
•
•
•
Funding;
Control of the spending;
Control of the quality of the service.
 Role of the Municipality: contracting authority and
provision of the services
 Role of the NGOs: provision of the services
p. 7
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Planning, Funding, Evaluation criteria
 Planning
•
•
Decision of different levels: Municipality – Agency of social support –
Ministries
In line with regional strategy
 Funding
•
•
Signal standard
Social services funded by State or local budget
 Evaluation
•
Set of criteria: capacity, experience, financial stability
 Contracting
•
p. 8
Scope, price, rights of parties, reporting and monitoring
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Examples of preventive services
 Complex for social service for families
and children
 Center for social support
 Mother and baby Units
 Center for social rehabilitation and
integration
p. 9
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Example from SOS CV Bulgaria
 Family strengthening service open with financial
support of EU – PHARE project
 Cooperation with Child protection departments
 Assess needs of this service
 Open the call and contracting
p. 10
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Renewal of De-I in 2009
 Strategic framework:
•
•
National strategy “Vision for de-institutionalisation of
children in Bulgaria”, approved by Ministry Council
Action plan, including projects
 Inter-ministerial working group and expert group
 Participation of NGOs:
•
•
•
p. 11
Monitoring bodies
Implementation of projects
Providing of services
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Project “Direction – Family’
 De-I of 2050 babies from 32 Infant Homes
 Indicative budget 27,5 mil Euro
 The plan for 2011 – 2017
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
p. 12
270 babies with disabilities (10 per region) and 630 without reintegrated with family;
18 new Mother and Baby Units to prevent abandonment;
30 new day care places per region - 840 places;
630 children adopted following foster care;
360 babies with disabilities placed into specialized foster care;
160 babies with disabilities placed in FTPCs;
4 more crisis centres
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Project “Direction – Family
 Implementation:
•
•
•
•
•
p. 13
8 piloted Infant homes are closed
Organized new services
2012 – 540 children; in 2014 – 90 children
Gate keeping: from 91 in 2012 to 21 in 2013
More attention on alternatives in other regions as well
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Lessons learned
 Developed preventive services is a good base for closing
institutions
 Ring-fencing the money from closed institutions in new
services
 Prevention and family support need strengthening even in
regions with comparatively developed networks of community
based support services
 Prevention services need programme budget
 Break the traditional understanding of municipalities as
employers
 Use experience of NGOs and work together
p. 14
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“Good things happen when people do more than they
have to.”
Radostina Paneva
[email protected]
p. 15
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