5 main reasons why library professionals should be given training 1. Training reduce professionals errors 5. A properly trained professionals performance is more satisfactory and this may lead to improve reader’s services 2. Training improves productivity and performance of the job 4. Training has reduced employee turnover 3. Proper training can reduce total wages TNA TNA • A training need can be defined as the gap between the actual performance and the desired performance. • Training Needs Assessment (TNA) is a procedure of identifying a gap in employee training and related training needs • To enhance the knowledge and skill base of the library professionals to enable them to cope with the present and future challenges in a manner widely acceptable to all the stakeholders and consistent to the best prevailing practices • Training and development has always been an effective tool in achieving professionals’ goals in any modern organization. One of the vital tools in equipping our human resources with enhanced knowledge capital is continuous training • Research assumption is that librarian from Karachi city who has professional qualification need no additional professional training on the job To identify the level of professional skills of Librarians in Karachi To find out the trainings gaps To find out the training needs for library professionals in Karachi • A survey method using questionnaire was selected for this research study. Both open and close ended questions were formulated. A four point Likert-type scale was used in the questionnaire. • The research study was limited to find out the training need assessment (TNA) of library professionals working in Karachi • The Study was focused on three major areas of Librarians professional development these areas are i. Information Technology ii. Library Technical operations and tools. iii. Soft Skills for librarian • On the basis of research findings Research assumption of this study has been not proved, and after analyzing the research data now it is confirmed that librarian who has professional qualification essentially need additional professional training on the job • On the basis of data analysis some recommendations made, these recommendations are given below: Department of Library and Information Science must include latest trends in the syllabus of BLIS and MLIS course. Department must arrange two training courses for working librarians in a year Library professionals in Karachi are not good in online database search; thus professional organizations must conduct a training workshop on database search as earliest as possible. Library professionals are also lacking in website development or website designing, therefore training courses on website designing must be started. Professional organization also conduct a series of training courses on Open Sources Software (OCC) Basic library automation and computer hardware program should be introduced for LIS community in Karachi. Some training workshop, seminars essentially be organized on use of EDDC (Electronic DDC), Resource Description Access (RDA) Librarians in Karachi also facing problem in use of Citation Management tools eg. Endnote, Zotero, Mendeley etc. Library organization must include training programs on Citation Management tools in their future planner Serial Management is also a problem for LIS professionals in Karachi and they have no opportunity to learn serial management Training program on various soft skills development including Communication Skills, Leadership Skills, Time Management, Decision Making, Problem Solving, Knowledge Management, Creativity, Presentation Skills and Report Writing Skills are very useful for library professionals in Karachi. Selected LIS faculty members and librarians must be trained as Master Trainer for above mentioned trainings. Professional organization make sure that publicity should be given in advance that the professionals can plan their participation in training programmes • Begum, Sajida (2008). Shuba ilm-e kutub khana wa itelat Jamia Karachi main di janey wali ICT training ka farugh-ul-tehseel tulba ki paisha warana karkardgi par asrat ka jaiza [A study of the Effects of ICT Training provided by Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, on the professional Efficiency of the graduated students]. Unpublished MLIS thesis, University of Karachi. • Gent, Michael J. and Gregory G. Dell'Omo. "The Needs Assessment Solution." Personnel Administrator, July 1989: 82-84. • Haider, S. J. (1998). "Library Automation in Pakistan." International Information and Library Review 30(1 ). pp. 51-69 • Khan, S. A. (1989). Introduction. Essential Role of Library and Information Centre in the Provision and Transmission of Knowledge: A series of extension lectures from 17th to 21st June 1989, Karachi, Pakistan Library Association. • Mahmood, K. (1996). "Promoting information technology in Pakistan."The Netherlands Library Development Project”, Information Development 12 (2). Pp.96-100 • Mahmood, K. (1998), “The technology challenge and continuing education for Pakistani librarians”, Information Development, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 84-90. • Mahmood, K. (1999), “The development of computerised library services in Pakistan: a review of the literature”, Asian Libraries, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 307-28. • Mahmood, K. (2002), “Competencies needed for future academic librarians in Pakistan”, Education for Information, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 27-43. • Mahmood, K., & Khan, M. A. (2007). ICT training for LIS professionals in Pakistan: A needs assessment. Program: Electronic Library & information systems, 41(4), 417428. McGehee, W. and P-W. Thayer. Training in Business and Industry. New York: Wiley, 1961. • • Smith, I. A. (1991). International cooperatioin in professional development of academics librarians. A Pakistani-British success story. In N. Qureshi and Z. Khurshid (Eds.), Tresnds in international librarianship: a festschrift honouring Anis Khurshid (pp.105-132). Karachi: Royal Book Company.