VIRTUAL FREIGHT NETWORK (VFN): USING OPERATIONS TO MOVE FREIGHT IN SOUTH FLORIDA Melissa Ackert, E.I. Florida Department of Transportation Anita Vandervalk, P.E. Cambridge Systematics SOUTH FLORIDA FREIGHT AND GOODS EXISTING CONDITIONS • South Florida is home to several of Florida’s largest international gateways – Port Everglades – Port Miami – Miami International Airport • Significant growth in freight volumes are anticipated within an already congested urban area 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Source: South Florida Regional Freight Plan. 2 SOUTH FLORIDA KEY REGIONAL INITIATIVES /PROJECTS TO IMPACT F&G MOVEMENT • Significant infrastructure investments are underway – Port Everglades and Port Miami expansions underway – FEC Railway to serve on-port ICTFs and expand logistics capabilities – Miami International Airport expanding and improving landside connections – Major freeway expansions and operational enhancements under construction (e.g., SR826/SR836 interchange; I-595; I-95) Port Everglades (PEV) Master Plan includes projects to deepen and widen the port channels Source: Port Everglades 2009 Master Plan/Vision Plan Update http://www.broward.org/Port/MasterPlan/Documents/VisionPlan09312010.pdf 3 FREIGHT AND GOODS GROWTH, EXAMPLE Source: Port Everglades 2009 Master Plan/Vision Plan Update http://www.broward.org/Port/MasterPlan/Documents/VisionPlan09312010.pdf 4 OVERVIEW OF THE VIRTUAL FREIGHT NETWORK (VFN) • VFN is a regional freight-focused dynamic mobility application being developed by public- and private-sector freight stakeholders • VFN enhances data sharing among the region’s commercial vehicle operators, freight facilities, shippers/receivers, and existing publicsector ITS infrastructure to improve freight mobility and system performance • VFN is being considered for deployment on routes serving as key corridors and connectors providing access to/from major intermodal facilities 5 KEY OBJECTIVES OF VFN • Improve travel time reliability • Reduce delay for commercial vehicles moving to/from the region’s key freight facilities • Reduce number of empty/unproductive movements • Enhance real-time monitoring of system performance and improve effectiveness of mobility applications • Improve safety and regulatory compliance of commercial vehicles operating in the region • Improve environmental stewardship 6 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES • • • • • Dynamic Routing Commercial Vehicle Traffic Probes Load-Matching Application Synchronized Signal Timing Virtual Compliance Stations PEV example. 7 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES DYNAMIC ROUTING • Integrate data from public- (e.g., incidents, work zone, weather) and private-sector sources (e.g., commercial vehicle traffic probes) • Make data available to private-sector stakeholders in various formats • Provide data in a standardized electronic format that can be integrated directly into current routing and dispatch software • Provide automatic data feeds to motor carrier systems • Post travel times on variable message signs at the exit of intermodal facilities 8 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES COMMERCIAL VEHICLE TRAFFIC PROBES • Commercial vehicles will serve as traffic probes • Vehicle location and average speed data will be collected via privateand/or public-sector communication technology • Data will be integrated into the region’s traffic management centers • Vehicle-specific identifiers will not be stored as part of the probe data collection effort 9 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES LOAD-MATCHING APPLICATION • Limit number of empty/unproductive truck moves in the region by developing and maintaining a web-based load matching application • Provide a forum for shippers and receivers to post available loads and an opportunity for commercial vehicles to find a load to haul on their trip back to/from an intermodal facility 10 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES SYNCHRONIZED SIGNAL TIMING • Synchronize timing of traffic signals on key arterials around intermodal facilities • Give priority to traffic queues with large numbers of commercial vehicles • Miami Dade County is in the process of completing installation of an Automated Traffic Signal Synchronization System across the County 11 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES VIRTUAL COMPLIANCE STATIONS • Deploy virtual compliance stations at key locations around the region to support: – Real-time screening of commercial vehicles for compliance with Federal and state credential, safety, and/or size and weight regulations • Possible deployment sites could include: – Eller Drive leading to the entrance/exit of the container operation at Port Everglades – Port Boulevard leading to the entrance/ exist to the Port or Miami – Entrance/exit to FEC Hialeah Rail Yard 12 REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PROPOSED FUNCTIONALITY Operational characteristics: 1. Drayage moves between Port of Miami, Port Everglades and FEC intermodal terminal 2. Access to/from Miami International Airport 3. Access to/from warehouse/distribution facilities from/to region’s freight facilities Proposed VFN Elements: 1. C-TIP functionality to maximize movements among key freight hubs Port Everglades FEC Intermodal Terminal 2. Real-time traveler information to support real-time re-routing of commercial vehicles 3. Use of commercial vehicles as traffic probes to improve accuracy of traveler information 4. Virtual weigh stations will help improve safety and enforcement activities Miami International Airport Port of Miami 13 IMPLEMENTING THE VFN • VFN concept developed in Spring 2010 • South Florida stakeholders presented VFN to USDOT at an Intermodal Freight Technology Working Group meeting hosted by Port of Miami in Summer 2010 • DMA application submitted to USDOT’s “Call for Ideas” in Fall 2010 • USDOT created Freight Advanced Traveler Information System (FRATIS) program • FRATIS ConOps and Functional Requirements developed in Spring 2012 • Cambridge Systematics selected for prototype testing in South Florida in Fall 2012 14 WHAT IS USDOT’S FREIGHT ADVANCED TRAVELER INFORMATION SYSTEM (FRATIS) PROGRAM? • Part of the USDOT-RITA ITS “Connected Vehicle” Program – “Dynamic Mobility Applications” sub-program • Two primary elements – Freight Dynamic Traveler Information and Planning – Drayage Optimization • Current program status – Concept of Operations Study completed (June 2012) • National Needs Assessment, ConOps, System Requirements, Test Readiness Assessment – Development & Limited Testing Phase – Begins 09-2012 15 15 THREE FRATIS DEPLOYMENTS ARE UNDER DEVELOPMENT • South Florida – Virtual Freight Network (VFN) concept designed to provide the region’s freight community with ITS-based solutions to mobility constraints • Los Angeles – Gateway Cities Technology Plan for Goods Movement provided a blueprint for an end-to-end information support system to improve the efficiency of goods movement in Southern California • Dallas – Leveraging the Basic Safety Message from the Connected Vehicle program and the FHWA Integrated Corridor Management program 16 WHAT IS A FRATIS? BACKGROUND • Available resources have varying coverage and do not always provide freight-specific information • Technology is not used consistently by the trucking industry • Freight routing, scheduling, and dispatch decisions are sometimes made in an ad-hoc fashion • Effectiveness of systems is limited by data availability and data accuracy • Lack of real-time data contributes to operational inefficiencies • Freight has unique operational characteristics that require different data and methods/timeframes of information delivery • U.S. DOT is driving new research to improve freight efficiency and environmental performance 17 WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF FRATIS? USER NEEDS SURVEY RESULTS Note: USDOT FRATIS National Drayage Survey Results 18 SOUTH FLORIDA FRATIS DEVELOPMENT AND TEST PROGRAM CONCEPT Regional ITS Data Sources • SunGuide Regional TMC • Florida 511 • FDOT • Port Miami • Port Everglades • Enforcement Agencies Third Party Truck-Specific Movement Data • Real-Time Speed Data from Fleet Management Systems GPS Data • Cell Phone and/or Bluetooth Movement/Speed Data • Truck Parking Availability Intermodal Terminals Data • Queue Length (Including Video) • Container Availability Status • Cities • Service Patrols Types • Real-Time Freeway Speeds and Volumes • Real-Time Key Arterial Speeds and Volumes • Incident Information • Road Closure Information • Route Restrictions/Bridge Heights Regional Public-Private Partnership Data Integration FDOT Port Everglades SunGuide TMC Port Miami Miami-Dade MPO FEC Railway Broward MPO FCBF FRATIS Basic Applications • Dynamic Travel Planning and Performance • Intermodal Drayage Operations Optimization – Based on Open Source Data and Services FRATIS IT Resources • ConOps, System Requirements, Test Readiness Report • USDOT Research Data Exchange • SwRI Software Development Lab and Testing Facilities API’s and/or Web Services USDOT Open Source Web Portal 19 FRATIS IMPLEMENTATION ACTIVITIES • South Florida freight community is partnering with US DOT to develop and test a prototype FRATIS – Trucking companies, railroads, port authorities, MPOs, FDOT districts, industry associations, and more • Program focus will be on: – Dynamic traveler information – Drayage optimization – Emergency management response/recovery • Kick-off meetings scheduled for early November 20 CONTACTS & ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Melissa Ackert, E.I. VFN Concept Lead FDOT District 4 Traffic Operations Melissa.Ackert@dot.state.fl.us (954)777- 4156 Randy Butler FRATIS Project Manager USDOT/FHWA Office of Freight Management Randy.Butler@dot.gov (202) 366 - 9215 For more information on USDOT’s program, please visit the Research and Innovative Technology Administration’s (RITA) Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office website http://www.its.dot.gov/ 21 QUESTIONS?