Openflow and SDN

Report
Openflow Y SDN
Fundamentos de Open Networking. Soluciones
Open Flow
Miguel Angel Rodríguez Fernández
[email protected]
Agenda
ARQUITECTURA SDN
INTRODUCCION a Openflow
Casos Prácticos
2
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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ARQUITECTURA SDN
3
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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En la actualidad:Cajas cerradas y Protocolos distribuidos
Ap
p
Ap
p
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p
Operating
System
Ap
p
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Operating
System
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Ap
p
Operating
System
Ap
p
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Ap
p
Ap
p
Operating
System
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Operating
System
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
4
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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www.juniper.net
Un Acercamiento a “Software Defined Networking”
App
App
App
Network Operating System
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Operating
System
Ap
p
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Operating
System
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Ap
p
Operating
System
Ap
p
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Ap
p
Ap
p
Operating
System
Ap
p
Ap
p
Ap
p
Specialized Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Operating
System
5
Specialized Packet
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
Forwarding
Hardware
www.juniper.net
5
El Concepto “Software-defined Network”
3. Well-defined open API
App
App
App
2. At least one good operating system
Extensible, possibly open-source
Network Operating System
1. Open interface to
hardware
Simple Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Simple Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Simple Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Simple Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
6
Simple Packet
Forwarding
Hardware
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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6
Software Defined Networking (SDN)
 Los principales objetivos de SDN
 Abstraer los elementos de la Red desde las Aplicaciones.
 Control y Gestión centralizadad de los dispositivos de red de diferentes
fabricantes.
 Tener una Red abierta que permita ser programable y crear servicios
de forma sencilla.
 SDN es una arquitectura que divide el plano de conmutación y permite
que sea programable de una forma directa.
LAS REDES ABIERTAS ADOPTARAN
MAYORES INNOVACIONES.
7
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Arquitectura SDN
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Introducción a
Openflow
10
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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Aproximación a openflow


Plano de Control separado del plano de conmutación
Plano de Control Centralizado.
 OpenFlow controller(La plataforma).
 Lógicamente centralizada y fisicamente distribuida.

Plano de conmutación distribuido.
 OpenFlow switches (Pueden ser routers,firewalls).
 No es necesario tener protocolos de routing .
 Software (kernel, hypervisor, userspace),
 Hardware (merchant silicon, ASICs, OpenFlow optimized ASICs)

OpenFlow es el protocolo entre el plano de control y de
conmutación.
11
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Plano de Control centralizado y conmutación distribuido.
OpenFlow controller
Plano de control
centralizado
OpenFlow protocol
OpenFlow switch
Plano de
conmutación
12
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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Arquitectura de un openflow controller
Applications
Replication
Scheduler
Data Center
Multi Tenancy
Load
Balancer
API (not standard)
Basic Services
Inventory
Topology
discovery
Infrastructure
Path
computation
Event dispatching
GUI
Protocol Engines
OpenFlow
CLI
OF-Config
FlowVisor (network partitioning)
13
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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OpenFlow
Controller
EVOLUCION A OFN
Distributed control plane
14
Control Process
Secure Channel
Simple Controller
Forwarding
Table
Forwarding/Flow
Dispatch Table
Traditional Router/Switch
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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OpenFlow Router/Switch
Controller
Ejemplo de OpenFlow
Software
Layer
PC
OpenFlow Client
Flow Table
Hardware
Layer
MAC
src
MAC
dst
IP
Src
IP
Dst
TCP
TCP
Action
sport dport
*
*
*
5.6.7.8
*
port 1
15
5.6.7.8
port 2
*
port 3
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
port 1
port 4
www.juniper.net
1.2.3.4
15
TIPOS DE MENSAJES
Tres tipos de mensajes y cada mensaje con múltiples subtipos.:,
controller-to-switch, asynchronous y symmetric.
 Controller-to-switch messages are initiated by the controller and
used to directly manage or inspect the state of the switch.
 Features (query capabilities), modify-state(add/delete/modify flow/group
entry), read-state, packet-out
 Asynchronous messages are initiated by the switch and used to
update the controller of network events and changes to the switch
state.
 Such as flow-removed, packet-in, port-status
 Symmetric messages are initiated by either the switch or the
controller and sent without solicitation.
 hello, echo (request/reply), experimenter
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OpenFlow Basics
Flow Table Entries (1.0)
Rule
Switch
Port
Action
Stats
Packet
+ byte
1. Forward packet
to zero
or counters
more
ports
2. Encapsulate and forward to
controller
3. Send to normal processing pipeline
4. Modify Fields
5. Any extensions you add!
VLAN
ID
VLAN MAC
pcp
src
MAC
dst
Eth
type
IP
Src
IP
Dst
IP
ToS
IP
Prot
+ mask what fields to match
17
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17
L4
sport
L4
dport
Examples (1/2)
Switching
Switch MAC
Port src
*
MAC Eth
dst
type
00:1f:.. *
*
VLAN IP
ID
Src
IP
Dst
IP
Prot
TCP
TCP
Action
sport dport
*
*
*
*
IP
Dst
IP
Prot
TCP
TCP
Action
sport dport
*
*
port6
Flow Switching
Switch MAC
Port src
MAC Eth
dst
type
port3 00:20.. 00:1f.. 0800
VLAN IP
ID
Src
vlan1 1.2.3.4 5.6.7.8
4
17264 80
port6
Firewall
Switch MAC
Port src
*
18
*
MAC Eth
dst
type
*
*
VLAN IP
ID
Src
IP
Dst
IP
Prot
TCP
TCP
Action
sport dport
*
*
*
*
*
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drop
Examples (2/2)
Routing
Switch MAC
Port src
*
*
MAC Eth
dst
type
*
*
VLAN IP
ID
Src
IP
Dst
*
5.6.7.8 *
*
VLAN IP
ID
Src
IP
Dst
IP
Prot
vlan1 *
*
*
TCP
TCP
Action
sport dport
port6,
port7,
*
*
port9
*
IP
Prot
TCP
TCP
Action
sport dport
*
port6
VLAN Switching
Switch MAC
Port src
*
19
*
MAC Eth
dst
type
00:1f.. *
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19
OpenFlow v1.0 Switch
OpenFlow v1.0 Switch
sw
Secure
Channel
OpenFlow Protocol
SSL/TLS
hw
20
Flow Table
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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OpenFlow
Controller
OpenFlow v1.1 Switch
OpenFlow v1.1 Switch
OpenFlow Protocol
Secure Channel
Flow
Table
…
Flow
Table
SSL/TLS
Group
Table
Pipeline
21
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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OpenFlow
Controller
OpenFlow v1.1 Switch
OpenFlow v1.1 Switch
OpenFlow Protocol
Secure Channel
Flow
Table
…
Flow
Table
SSL/TLS
Group
Table
Table
Pipeline
22
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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OpenFlow
Controller
CASOS PRACTICOS
23
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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Google









24
Keynote at Open Networking Symposium 2012
Urs Hölzle, Senior Vice President Technical Infrastructure
Google deployed OpenFlow in I-Scale network
In production to connect all Google datacenters
Replaced traditional routing protocols
Google built OpenFlow switches themselves (but will buy if available)
Cost savings (e.g. 100% link utilization, easier management)
New opportunities
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLHJUfgxEO4
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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Data center interconnect wan
Openflow instead of routing protocols
Logically centralized
OpenFlow controller
OpenFlow switch
no routing protocols
25
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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Data center con Arquitectura de SDN
Centralized
Orchestration
Virtualized
storage
Virtualized
services
Physical
IP Fabric
Virtualized
Network
Virtualized
Compute
26
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Multi-tenancy using overlay networks
Virtual machine
Virtual switch
Hypervisor
Overlay tunnel
27
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Virtualized services
Virtual firewall service
28
Copyright © 2009 Juniper Networks, Inc.
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centralized orchestration
OF compute, storage, and network
Centralized
Orchestration
Compute
Storage
Network
OpenFlow
The IP fabric
was not touched
Posicionamiento de SDN
Juniper is the recognized leader of the network
programmability movement, which is the conceptual
foundation underlying the SDN approach.
Long before the term “SDN” was coined, our disruptive
network architectures were built on the premise of using
innovative software to give customers unprecedented
levels of flexibility and control, with an end goal of
transforming the economics and experience of networking.
By simultaneously simplifying and opening up the network,
Juniper pioneered the core capabilities and concepts
behind SDNs.
Open network Technologies FOR Innovation
Network-aware Apps
OSS/BSS
Topology
Client
Path
Client
...
Juniper and Custom Space UIs /
Workflows
SNMP
NETCONF
SYSLOG
HTTP RESTful Web Services
Juniper and Custom Application APIs
Network
Orchestration
ALTO
Any OF
server controller
Junos Space SDK
Junos Space (Orchestration, Management, Monitoring
Plane)
BGP-TE
Common
Interfaces
ALTO
ALTO
OpenFlow
OpenFlow
(extensible)
Junos SDK:
Automation
PCP
DMI
PCE
Custom
Apps +
APIs
Custom Packet
Processing Apps +
APIs
Custom Apps + APIs
on any OS
Common APIs, RE APIs, Services APIs, Remote (VE) APIs
Junos Service
Plane
(Service Engine)
Junos Control Plane
(Routing Engine)
Network Devices
Junos Data Plane (Packet Forwarding Engine)
Juniper Custom Silicon
Juniper Platform Element
Juniper Application Element
Junos Virtual Plane
(Virtual Engine
Environment)
GRACIAS.
PREGUNTAS 

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