CPR ppt

Hands Only CPR
American Heart Association
Q and A
• Who has heard the term cardiac arrest?
– Cardiac arrest is when the heart
malfunctions and suddenly stops beating
• How would you know when someone
has had a cardiac arrest?
– When cardiac arrest occurs, the victim
collapses and becomes unresponsive when
you tap him and shout. The person stops
breathing normally and may be gasping.
Is cardiac arrest different from a
heart attack?
• Sudden cardiac arrest is not the same as a
heart attack!!
– Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when electrical
impulses in the heart become rapid or chaotic,
which causes the heart to suddenly stop
– A heart attack occurs when the blood supply
to part of the heart muscle is blocked. A heart
attack may cause cardiac arrest.
How do I know if someone
needs CPR?
• When you see a teen or adult suddenly
collapse, chances are they need CPR!
– Tap the person and shout, “Hey, are you
okay? Are you okay?”
– If you do not get a response, begin the
steps for “Hands Only” CPR!
• If the person is
gasping for air in
spurts, go ahead
and perform CPR
Why CPR?
• 383, 000 cardiac arrests occur outside of a
hospital each year
• 88% of cardiac arrests occur at home
Q and A
• What is hands only CPR?
– Hands only CPR consists of pushing hard
and fast on the chest at a rate of at least
100 pushes per minute.
• How much can CPR improve the
chances of survival?
– CPR can double or even tripe a person’s
chance of surviving.
Why “Hands Only” CPR?
• The #1 reason people give for not
performing CPR is because they think
they may do it wrong!!
– Any CPR is better
than NO CPR at all!
– Your actions can
only help!
What about giving rescue breaths?
• When a teen or adult suddenly collapses
with cardiac arrest, his or her lungs and
blood contain enough oxygen to keep
vital organs healthy for the first few
minutes, AS LONG AS someone provides
high-quality chest compressions with
minimal interruption to pump blood to
the heart and brain!
STEPS for “Hands Only” CPR
After establishing the person needs CPR
by tapping the person and asking, “Are
you okay?”
1. Assertively tell someone to call 9-1-1
*If you are by yourself, call 9-1-1 before
starting CPR
2. Start CPR- (Push hard and fast in the
middle of the chest)
Things to remember when giving
“Hands Only” CPR
• Kneel beside the
• Put the heal of one
hand in the middle of
their chest; Put the
other hand on top of
the first
• Push down hard (at
least 2”)
– Don’t be afraid of
pushing hard!
• Let the chest rise
back up after each
• Continue
compressions at a
steady beat
(“Staying Alive”= 100
beats per minute)
• Don’t stop CPR until
help arrives or the
person responds
Helpful Hints
• Get directly over the top of the person
and keep your arms straight. This
allows you to use your entire body
which will make it easier
• If you have help, take turns performing
CPR without missing a beat if possible
• It’s important to continue
CPR until help arrives
Do you think teaching “Hands
Only” CPR will make people feel
more comfortable about
administering CPR?
Don’t be afraid!!!
Your actions may save
a life!

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