PPT-presentation concepts Sixth EC 28 Aug

Presentation is factored into the following:
 Censuses in India
 Importance & Usefulness
 Sixth Economic Census
 Scope & Coverage
 Concepts & Definitions of Important Terms
 How to identify an Establishment
 Handloom/Handicraft activity
 Nature of Entrepreneurial Activity
 Census House / Structure/Household
 Major Source of finance
 Ownership
 Use of Layout Map (LM) and Abridged House List (AHL)
What is a Census:
The process signifies complete enumeration or accounting
of a unit; entity or subject of study.
Different Censuses In India:
 Population Census
 Livestock Census
 Agriculture Census
 Minor Irrigation Census
 Census Cum Survey of Small Scale Units
 Economic Census
Economic Censuses In India:
 Five Economic Censuses conducted so far
 1977, 1980, 1990, 1998 & 2005
What is Economic Census:
 It is a census of all establishments/ enterprises located in the
geographical boundaries of the country.
 It covers all establishments irrespective of their size in terms of
employment, capital invested, turnover etc.
 It covers all active units whether registered or not.
 It covers all economic units operating within the household premises
or outside having fixed structure or without fixed structure (or
premises)- mobile units, vendors, hawkers etc.
Why an Economic Census:
 To
provide an up to date frame (list)of all live economic
entities/establishments in the country from which samples could be drawn
for collecting detailed information at a later stage.
Information collected is always directly or indirectly useful for planning and
policy making purposes.
Assess contribution of various sectors of the economy through detailed
follow up surveys based on the frame provided by the Economic Census.
An important activity carried out by many statistical offices world over with
the aim of improving availability and quality of existing basic economic
Establishing or improving their survey frames or statistical business registers
for the organization of economic survey programmes on a more integrated
basis at a later stage.
Scope & Coverage of Sixth Economic Census:
 Would cover whole of Indian Union except areas that remain
inaccessible throughout the year and where State/UT Government
find it impossible to carry out the field work.
 All economic entities/units engaged in production of goods or
services and selling out whole or a portion of it are to be enumerated.
 All establishments irrespective of their (a) location (fixed or
temporary) within the household premises or outside; (b) size of
employment; c) size of investment/ turn over (d) number of hired
workers etc. would be covered.
 Following Activities are outside the Scope of Sixth EC and have not to
be accounted for (Exclusions)
Scope & coverage (contd.)
 Agriculture: Establishments growing perennial and non-perennial
crops including plantation crops e.g. growing of tea, coffee, rubber,
tobacco plantation crops etc.
Government Offices:
Establishments engaged in public
administration covering all ministries, departments at Central and
State/UT Govt. level and also local Govt. This includes Courts, Tax
Office, Offices of Ministry of Defence (Air Force, Navy and Army),
Police, ESIC, EPFO.
Defence production units/workshops: manufacturing or
producing defence equipments or sensitive machinery or material.
Establishments involved in Gambling and betting activities declared
illegal by the Government.
International organizations such as United Nations office and its
specialized agencies 'offices, Foreign Embassies/Consulates etc.
located with in the geographical boundary of the country.
 However, government schools/institutions, colleges, hospitals,
hostels, guest houses, banks, all public sector undertakings/
corporations etc. would be covered.
 The broad activity types to be covered during the Sixth EC are
shown below with their respective two digit category code:
Concepts & Definitions of Important Terms:
What is an Establishment:
 An establishment, for the purpose of Sixth EC, would mean as an enterprise or a part of
an enterprise that is situated in a single location in which one or predominantly one kind
of economic activity is carried out such that at least some part of the goods/services
produced is meant for sale. Economic units producing goods or services for sole
consumption within their household are excluded.
 An establishment may be a part of a multi-branch concern/company that has branches at
different locations. In such a case each branch as well as headquarters will qualify as an
 For example, an establishment can be a shop selling the provisions of day-to-day
consumption/ use, a factory producing or manufacturing goods item, or a house where
an economic activity is carried out by the member(s) within the household by themselves
or by hiring person(s) or with a combination of the two and selling their produce partly
or fully.
What is an Enterprise:
An institutional unit in its capacity as a producer of goods
and/or services is known as an enterprise. It is entrusted with
the characteristics of an economic transactor with autonomy of
financial and investment decision making; authority and
responsibility for allocating resources for production of goods
and services. It may be engaged in one or more economic
activities at one or more locations.
How to identify an Establishment:
Bigger economic units and operating in the fixed structure or premises are easily
identifiable. Whereas the problem of identification lies mainly in respect of the smaller/micro
level units being operated within the household premises by the household members or without
having any fixed structure.
For example:- If the members of the household are carrying out activities like: providing tuition to members of other households
 Tailoring
beedi making
 storing of vegetables or other items of trade
operating from
their household
 preparing cooked meals/other items, for selling in
open markets/streets –Hawkers; mobile food units etc.
then, such households will qualify for recording as establishments and are usually termed as
household establishments and would be enumerated.
Own Account Establishment:
 An establishment being operated without having any hired worker on a fairly regular basis.
 These are normally run by members of the household.
Establishments performing more than one
type of activity:
 It is possible that more than one type of activity (mixed functions/ activity) are carried out in
and by the same establishment at one premises.
If the multiple activities are carried out by the same set of workers side by side without
specific allocation and book of accounts is also not prepared separately or accounts are not
kept separately for each activity and it is also difficult to segregate the actual number of
workers performing each specific activity, then major activity of the establishment should be
 For example, a grocery store also providing the services of public call telephone facility to the
public within the same store. In this case, the major activity or the dominant activity of the
establishment would be recognized on the basis of income or turnover/receipts or number
of workers engaged in each of them depending on the information readily available.
 When different activities are carried out within the same premises but can be segregated out
in terms of no. of workers, performing each of these with independent set of inputs /
equipments then such cases would be treated as a case of multiple establishments and
appropriate activity code(s) would be assigned.
Agricultural Establishments: (Broad Activity Code ‘01’)
 Establishments engaged in providing supporting activities incidental to agriculture
production and activities similar to agriculture not undertaken for production
purposes done on a fee or contract basis. Activities included are post harvest crop
activities, aimed at preparing agriculture products for the primary market; operation
of pest spraying; preparation of field for cropping ; operation of irrigation system
Agriculture & Allied Activities:
 Activities allied to the agriculture (including hunting & trapping, livestock
production, forestry and logging and fishing (Section A of NIC) fall in the broad
activity codes 01 to 04 in Col. 12 of Schedule 6A and are to be included here.
 It may be noted that while the growing of tea, coffee, rubber, tobacco, etc. are not
classified as agricultural establishments for the purpose of this census, however
establishments engaged in processing of tea, coffee, tobacco etc. are to be covered
and appropriate category code/NIC code be given.
Non-agricultural Establishments:
 Establishments engaged in activities other than agricultural and
allied activities as defined above will be termed as nonagricultural establishments.
 These are the activities which do not fall in the broad activity codes 01 to
04 and are covered under codes 05 to 23 in column 12 of Schedule
What is Handloom/Handicraft activity:
 Handicrafts are items made by hand, mostly using simple tools.
 While they are predominantly made by hand, some machinery may also be
used in the process. Skills are normally involved in such items/activities, but
the extent thereof may vary from activity to activity. These items can be
functional, artistic and/or traditional in nature.
 Handicraft products range from the simple (diyas) to the complex (stone
temples, enamel jewellery). Handicraft products can have distinctive features
often derived from their symbolic value to a society. Handloom items are
still made by using human skills by the persons called “ Jullahyas”. The
products like durries, curtains, carpet; khadi items are the examples.
 A list of activities recognized as handicrafts activity is given in Annexure 6
of the “Guide”.
What is not considered as a handicraft
 Activities involving human labour without skill are usually
 Two categories to be specifically excluded are:1. Manufacture of all food items like papads and pickles
2. Bricks, Beedis, agar batties ; match sticks and
Nature of Entrepreneurial Activity:
 If the entrepreneurial activity is carried out throughout the year, more
or less regularly, it is then treated as a perennial activity.
 If the activity of the establishment is confined to a particular season, i.e.
fixed months or period in a year, it is called as a seasonal activity. For
example :- Sugarcane juice making units; fire crackers units.
 If the economic activity of the establishment is neither perennial nor
seasonal, it will be termed as casual.
 Casual entrepreneurial activity is carried out occasionally
depending upon the availability of time and resources.
Workers in an Establishment:
 All persons (including children under 15 years of age) working in an
establishment either as
Owner(s) including partner
members of the household (unpaid or paid)
hired or non-hired; regular salaried employees working in the capacity as
primary worker
Sales person for selling/marketing its produce or services of apprentices
supporting workers/helpers
casual/ daily wage labourers
All put together would be considered as no. of persons working in the
 NOTE:-
The owner running the establishment would also be considered as a
worker and counted for the purpose.
Structure or Building:
It denotes in broader sense some kind of shelter erected on the
ground following some civil engineering norms for construction using
building material. However, the structure could be Kutcha, Semi-Pucca
or Pucca.
Census House:
A census house is a building or a part of a building having a
separate main entrance from the road or common courtyard or staircase,
etc., used, or recognised as a separate unit. It may be occupied or vacant.
It may be used for residential, commercial or for both purposes.
What is a Household
 A household is a group of persons usually living together and taking their meals from a
common kitchen.(Definition as per Population Census)
Members in a household:
 It includes temporary stay-away (those whose total period of absence from household is
expected to be less than six months) but excludes temporary visitors and guests (with
expected total stay of less than 6 months).
 There may be a household of persons related by blood or a household of unrelated
persons or having a mix of both. There may be single member households, two member
households or multi member households. For Economic census purpose, each one of
these types is regarded as a “Household”.
 Examples of household of unrelated persons and taking the meal from a common
kitchen are boarding houses, messes, hostels, rescue houses, jails, ashrams etc. These
are called ‘Institutional Households'.
 The important link to find out whether there is a household or not is the
common kitchen.
The following categories of households will be listed in
the EC:1.
All households as defined in pervious slide ( individual households or
institutional households) whether performing economic activity within its
premises or outside it and qualifying to be counted as economic unit or
establishment OR even if its members are simply wage earners/ salaried
class etc.
Civilian population residing in the premises including the family quarters
of service personnel are to be covered.
Institutions like Orphanages, Nari Niketans, etc will qualify for listing as
establishments. Inmates of these would not be listed as single member
Although inmates will not be listed, however owners and residential staff
of these institutions residing within the premises of the institutions would
be listed as households.
The following categories of households
will not be listed in the EC:
Households comprising foreign nationals.
2. Barracks of military and paramilitary forces (like Army, BSF, and Police etc.).
3. Floating population, i.e. persons without any normal residence will not be
listed. Persons residing under culverts, footpaths etc. are also to be excluded.
4. Persons who do not live in buildings but live in
open or road side
in hume pipes
under flyovers and staircases
open places of worship
railway platforms, etc.
are to be treated as houseless population and such persons or households
will not be covered in EC.
Classification of Census House or Structure:
 If the entire Census house or structure is being used for running an
establishment such as factory/branch of a factory, work shed, work
shop, office, shop of a company; hospital, dispensary, temple, church,
mosque, etc., then it would be regarded as commercial.
 When the Census house or structure is used purely for the purpose of
residing it would be regarded as residential.
 If any economic activity leading to production of goods or services for
selling purpose is carried out with in the premises ( including mobile
units) and also simultaneously used as residence would be treated as
Residential cum Commercial .
Major Source of finance:
 There could be more than one source financing the establishment,
but only one code is to be recorded.
 The agency or an institution (Public/Private) in respect of which
the business unit owes loan liability and unpaid dues during the
current financial year are the highest, that agency is to be
considered as the major source of finance.
 For example, an establishment has to repay a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs
to a bank out of the loan taken; whereas it has also to repay a sum
of Rs. 5 lakhs to the money lender on the day of the visit, in such a
situation major source of finance is borrowing from financial
institution (bank) and code 3 is to be recorded in this column.
Other source is to be ignored.
 Ownership means a legal right to the possession of a thing. It could be
either under Government/Public Sector or Private.
 Various types of ownership considered in this EC are:1. Government / PSU owned by Centre/State/Local govt.
2. Proprietary
3. Partnership
4. Company
5. Self Help Group
6. Cooperatives
7. Non Profit Institution
8. Others
1. Government/public Sector Undertaking
Establishments which are wholly owned/run/managed by
 Central or State governments
 quasi-government institutions
 local government bodies like Zila/Gram Panchayat, Zila Parishad, City
Corporation, Municipal authorities
 autonomous bodies like Central/State/deemed to be Universities, Education
 government owned institutions like schools, libraries etc.
 Those establishments that are run with more than 50% share of the government and
remaining share from other sources will be treated as government or public sector
undertaking. (CPUs/SPUs etc.)
2. Proprietary establishments:
When an individual is the sole owner of an establishment, it is considered
to be a proprietary establishment.
3. Partnership Establishments:
Partnership is defined as a ‘relationship between two or more persons who
have agreed to share the profits of a business carried out by all or any one of
them acting for all’. There may be two or more owners in a firm, belonging
to the same or different households, on a partnership basis, with or without
formal registration. All partnership establishments registered under
Partnership Act, 1932 will also be covered in the Economic Census.
4. Companies:
Establishments (Companies) registered under the Companies Act 1956 and
carrying out economic activities would fall under this category . It includes
private limited and public limited companies, as well as establishments
registered under Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008.
5. Self-Help Groups (SHG):
A self-help group (SHG) is a financial intermediary usually composed of
10-20 local persons who make small regular savings/ contributions over a
few months until there is enough capital in the group to begin lending or
undertake its business.
6. Co-operative Societies:
A co-operative society is one that is formed through the co-operation of a
number of persons, recognized as members of the society, to benefit
themselves. In the process, the funds are raised by members’
contribution/investments and the profits generated out of the society’s
activities are shared by the members. Such societies are usually registered
under Co-operative Societies Act 1912.
7. Non-Profit Institutions (NPI):
Non-profit institutions are legal or social entities created for the purpose
of producing goods and services whose status does not permit them to be
a source of income/profit or other financial gain for the units they
establish, control or finance.
National Industrial Classification(NIC 2008):
 The full description of the economic activity carried out by an establishment
or enterprise is to be recorded in Col. (11) of Schedule 6A.
 The National Industrial Classification (NIC) 2008 an essential Statistical
Standard for developing and maintaining comparable data base according to
economic activities would be used during 6th EC.
 Based on description in Col (11), a 3 digit code as per NIC- 2008 has to be
 This column is to be left blank by the enumerator and will be filled up
by the officials of District Statistical Office at the stage of
scrutiny/coding of the information in the Schedule.
Layout Map (LM)
 A layout Map (LM) provides identification particulars for the correct identification of an Enumeration
 It provides details such as names and codes of
4. Town/ Village
5. Ward
Tahsil/Taluk/ PS/ Dev. Block/ Circle/ Mandal
 It also indicates the
boundaries and land marks of the EB
location of each census house in it
use of the census house, such as residential and non-residential
distinct Census house number.
 It is available for each EB & would be provided to the enumerator by the respective District Statistical
 Specimen layout maps both for Urban and Rural areas are in “Guide”.
Abridged House List(AHL)
 It provides the identification particulars i.e. names and codes of
4. Town/ Village
5. Ward
Tahsil/Taluk/ PS/ Dev. Block/ Circle/ Mandal 6.
Enumeration Block.
It also provides House-list particulars such as
House Listing Block Number
Building number
Census House Number
purpose for which census house is used
Household number
Name of the Head of Household
Population of EB
Number of residential houses
Total number of households in the EB.
The Abridged House list (AHL) of Population Census 2011, is available with the concerned District
Statistical Office in respect of each EB.
Crucial Use of LM & AHL
 Using information given in LM and AHL, the enumerator with the
help of supervisor should clearly identify the boundaries of the EB
and its constituent houses/households to be covered.
 Efforts must be made to include new houses/households that
might have come up in the EB after population census 2011.
Thank You
Open for discussions
and queries…

similar documents