Wearable Devices

Report
Wearable Devices
TEAM #3 : TEAM TOPIC PRESENTATION
DCS861A EMERGING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES II
S.FEDDOCK, J. FLYNN, M. KIRCHHOFF, N. NASSAR, J. SICURANZA
Content
1.0 Objectives
2.0 Wearable Devices Definition and Types
3.0 Medical – Wearable Devices
4.0 Wellness – Wearable Devices
5.0 Security – Wearable Devices
6.0 Accessories – Wearable Devices
7.0 Futuristic Concepts
8.0 Research Areas
9.0 Discussion
Summary
Appendix
1.0 Objectives

Define Wearable Devices

Define Types of Devices

Show the Technology Behind Device

List Pros v Cons of Device

Provide Research Areas for Wearable Devices

Provide Discussions for Wearable Devices

Summarize Topics
2.0 Wearable Devices Definition

The term “wearable device” refers to electronic
technologies or computers that are incorporated into
items of clothing and accessories which can
comfortably be worn on the body. *
* Tehrani, Kiana. “Wearable Devices: Everything You Need to Know.” Wearable Devices Magazine
November 2013. Wearable Devices Web.
2.1 Types of Wearable Devices
3.0 Medical - Wearable Devices

Wearable Belts

Sensor Insoles

Smart Clothing

Headsets

Patches

Respiratory Biofeedback and Body Sensor
Networks

Sensors in Sheets
3.1 Medical: Wearable Belt

Type of Device

Wearable surveillance system; Wearable Belt
Monitor variations of posture, falls, and gait disability


Technology Behind Device

Communication Module: Wireless LAN card; Connects to Users Home
Network

Storage Module : 256MB Memory Card

Analysis Module

Sensor Module
Pros v Cons

Pro: Monitors Daily Activities and Change in Activities for notifications

Con: Its removable, discomfort while sleeping
3.2 Medical: Sensor Insole

Type of Device

Moticon’s OpenGo
Measures Weightbearing, Balance, Temperature, Acceleration
http://www.moticon.de/en/system/sensor-insole#sensorsohle-anwendung

Technology Behind Device


Firmware is fitted in the insole and communicates with PC software via
USB radio stick
Pros v Cons

Pro: Freedom of Movement, Daily Wear, Comfortable, Improve
Performance, Monitor Rehabilitation

Con: Nothing reported.
4.0 Wellness - Wearable Devices

Wristbands

Smart Clothing

Wearable Belts

Clothing Attachments

Sensor Insoles
4.1 Wellness - Wristband

Type of Device

Fitbit FORCE™ WIRELESS ACTIVITY AND SLEEP WRISTBAND
Physical Activity and Sleep Monitoring
http://www.fitbit.com/force

Technology Behind Device


Wireless BlueTooth 4.0 to synch to computer, iPhone, and/or Android Smartphones
Pros v Cons


Pros: See Real Time Progress

Daily Stats on Wrist and Watch progress over time with charts and graphs

Set Daily Goals, Earn Badges, Challenge Friends
Cons:

Wristband hard to clasp

Rashes have been reported

Metrics not accurate
5.0 Security – Wearable Devices

Watches

Bracelets

Rings
5.1 Security – Watch Password
(Blink)

Type of Device

Wearable as password replacement




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAURSZwIVcU&list=HL1386264928 (2min)
Tracking device for Child/Pet Protection
Technology Behind Device

Using NFC & Bluetooth to ‘lock’ mobile device once user leaves proximity

Algorithm to identify each and its associated ACL of programs
Pros v Cons

Pro: Knowing where your child is

Con: Device loss, technical support
5.2 Security – Heartbeat Bracelet
(Nymi)

Type of Device

Wearable as password replacement




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUO7Qnmc8vE#t=19
Seamless Authentication to Devices, cars, Hotel Rooms, etc.
Technology Behind Device

Using NFC & Bluetooth to ‘lock’ and unlock any device paired

Taking your heart's unique rhythm and creating a secure ID for you from it
Pros v Cons

Pro: True Biometric, cannot be copied, and useless if lost

Con: True Biometric, must put your heart rhythm on record
Reference: http://www.dvice.com/2013-9-3/nymi-bracelet-replaces-keys-and-passwords-your-heartbeat
6.0 Accessories – Wearable
Devices

Smart Watches - Accessories

Glasses - Accessories

Umbrella
6.1 Smart Watches

Type of Device

Smart watches



Sony SmartWatch, Apple iWatch, Galaxy Gear …
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3qeJKax2CU) and more to come
Technology Behind Device

Smart phone technology

Uses NFC, Bluetooth, and RF technology for communication
Pros v Cons

Pro: More integration, gateway to Internet of Things (IOT)

Con: Distraction on the road, battery life, smaller screens
6.2 Google Glass

Google glass is termed as a wearable computer, developed by Google X Lab.

Display information in a smart phone-like hands –free format , that can interact with the
internet via natural voice command.
Technology Used

Eye tap technologies.

Android technology with 4G

Google Glass provide an experience known as
augmented reality, where images are superimposed
over what the user see in real life.
Pros vs Cons
Pros: Glasses for driving, No need to take your eyes off the
road.
Cons: Unusual devices aren't airport-friendly.
‘Nerdy’ look/ social stigma
6.3 AIR UMBRELLA

The Air Umbrella
The concept removes the plastic top from
the umbrella and replaces it with a wind
shield. The design of the Air Umbrella calls
for air to be sucked through the bottom,
then shot out of the top in a pattern that
mimics the standard canopy.
6.3.1 AIR UMBRELLA
7.0 Futuristic Concepts
8.0 Research Areas

Acute illness with medical wearable devices

Pill tells doctors when it's been swallowed

Edible micro-battery, that could power ingestible
medical devices

Wearable devices’ authentication

How to handle unsecure networks and hostile
environments
9.0 Discussion

Will this decrease patient time in clinical settings?

Will there be lower re-admittance rates to Emergency Departments?

Will it improve overall fitness, nutrition, and wellness?

Will it increase security?

Will driver/motorcyclist be safer?

Will these devices bring us closer to the Singularity?
Where are Wearable Devices on
the Technology Life Cycle Stacks?
Kendall’s Technology Life Cycle
1.
Invention
2.
Emergence (come forth from
obscurity, not reached full
potential)
Kurzweil’s Technology Life Cycle
1.
Precursor (dream or
contemplation)
2.
Invention
3.
Development (emergence)
3.
Acceptance (established)
4.
Maturity (established)
4.
Sublime (fully appreciated)
5.
Pretenders (threat by upstart)
5.
Surplus
6.
Obsolescence (by new
technology)
7.
Antiquity
Summary

Wearable devices are soon to be part of our day to day life

Wearable gadget are geared toward an easier transition to the
Internet of Things (IOT) notion

Medical, Fitness, Security, and Communication are currently the
main domain of where wearable devices used.

Although essential role wearable devices shall play, but it has its
own set of disadvantages such as distraction to drivers, the higher
likability be lost/stolen.
Questions
 ???
Questions ???
Appendix A - References
Medical
http://www.moticon.de/en/system/sensor-insole#sensorsohle-anwendung
Wellness
http://www.fitbit.com/force
SmartWatch
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3qeJKax2CU
http://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/biomedical/devices/a-cochlear-implant-with-no-stigmatizingexternal-hardware#.UvpCcF8nca4.facebook
Wearable Password Replacement
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUO7Qnmc8vE#t=19
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAURSZwIVcU&list=HL1386264928
TED
http://www.ted.com/talks/pattie_maes_demos_the_sixth_sense.html
Appendix B – Journal Articles
Guan-Zheng Liu, Bang-Yu Huang, and Lei Wang. A Wearable Respiratory Biofeedback
System Based on Generalized Body Sensor Network. Telemedicine and e-Health. June 2011,
17(5): 348-357. doi:10.1089/tmj.2010.0182.
Sungyoup Hong, Yougmo Yang, Seunghwan Kim, Seungcheol Shin, Inbum Lee, Yongwon
Jang, Kiseong Kim, Hwayeon Yi, and Jangyoung Lee. Performance Study of the Wearable
One-Lead Wireless Electrocardiographic Monitoring System. Telemedicine and e-Health.
March 2009, 15(2): 166-175. doi:10.1089/tmj.2008.0071.
Toshihiko Yoshida, Fumio Mizuno, Tomoaki Hayasaka, Kenichi Tsubota, Yousuke Imai, Takuji
Ishikawa, and Takami Yamaguchi.Development of a Wearable Surveillance System Using
Gait Analysis Telemedicine and e-Health. December 2007, 13(6): 703-714.
doi:10.1089/tmj.2007.0015.
Wearable Health Monitors: Real-Time, Patient-Friendly Data Collection. Telemedicine and eHealth. March 2010, 16(2): 134-138. doi:10.1089/tmj.2010.9994.
Appendix B – Journal Articles cont.
Jun Dong,Jia-wei Zhang,Hong-hai Zhu,Li-ping Wang,Xia Liu,Zhen-jiang Li. IEEE Intelligent
Systems. A Remote Diagnosis Service Platform for Wearable ECG Monitors. November 2012.
pp. 36-43
Aiden Doherty,Paul Kelly,Charlie Foster. Wearable Cameras: Identifying Healthy
Transportation Choices. IEEE Pervasive Computing. January 2013. pp. 44-47
Siyuan Chen,Julien Epps. Toward Wearable Computing that Understands your Current Task.
IEEE Pervasive Computing. July 2013. pp. 56-65

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