MARS [PPT]

Report
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Paul English
Army MARS
Program Manager
[email protected]
254-947-3141
Army MARS Mission
DOD Instruction 4650.02
AR 25-6
• Provide contingency HF radio communications to the
Department of Defense and Military Services
• Provide international humanitarian assistance
and disaster relief to US Combatant Commands
• Provide contingency communications for Defense
Support of Civil Authorities
• Provide morale and welfare communications support
to DOD.
2
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Concept of Support
Amateur Radio operators are usually the first on the air following a disaster.
By connecting the Amateur Radio Operator with the MARS operator, MARS can
provide a communications link for getting related information to the Combatant
Command staff charged with planning a humanitarian relief effort.
Bottom Line: Over the past year, the US Department of Defense and MARS
conducted exercises to test the concept for MARS serving as a conduit between
Amateur Radio Operators and the US Combatant Commands who are charged with
planning, providing or supporting International aide relief to the devastated area.
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
International Amateur Radio Union Regions
with US Combatant Commands areas of responsibility
USEUCOM
USNORTHCOM
USCENTCOM
USAFRICOM
USPACOM
USSOUTHCOM
ITU
Region 3
ITU Region 2
ITU Region 1
ITU Region 3
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
GAREC Amateur Radio Band Plans
Emergency Center of Activity Frequencies
80 Meters
3.5 MHZ
3.6 R3
3.76 R1
3.985 R2 4 MHZ
40 Meters
7.0 MHZ
7.11 R1/3
7.3 MHZ
7.24 R2
20 Meters
14.0 MHZ
14.3 R1/2/3
14.35 MHZ
17 Meters
18.068 MHZ
18.16 R1/2/3
18.168 MHZ
21.36 R1/2/3
21.45 MHZ
15 Meters
21.0 MHZ
Emergency Center of Activity (ECoA): IARU designated frequency
in each region for establishing emergency communications
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
Amateurs in surrounding countries
connect and gather information
(alert other amateurs,
social media, new outlets, etc)
8
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
Amateurs in surrounding countries
connect and gather information
(alert other amateurs,
social media, new outlets, etc)
MARS members informed of disaster,
begin scanning likely ECoA frequencies
9
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System
http://www.gdacs.org/
GDACS is a cooperation framework under the United Nations
umbrella. It includes disaster managers and disaster information
systems worldwide and aims at filling the information and
coordination gap in the first phase after major disasters.
GDACS provides real-time access to web‐based disaster information
systems and related coordination tools
10
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
Amateurs in surrounding countries
connect and gather information
(alert other amateurs,
social media, new outlets, etc)
MARS members scanning ECoA frequencies,
copy disaster information, process spot
report and send to US Combatant Command
11
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
All Partners Access Network
https://www.apan.org/
12
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
Amateurs in surrounding countries
connect and gather information
(alert other amateurs,
social media, new outlets, etc)
Staff reviews disaster information
May request more information
be provided, posted to APAN
13
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
Amateurs in surrounding countries
connect and gather information
(alert other amateurs,
social media, new outlets, etc)
Location of Amateur
Call sign used
Frequency used
Specific Disaster details
Contact info of local gov officials
Types of aide needed
Photos:
Magnitude of disaster
Staff reviews disaster information
Potential landing areas
May request more information
Critical
infrastructure
damage
be provided,
request sent to
MARS
14
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Amateurs in affected area
reach out for assistance,
transmit disaster info
on IARU designated
emergency frequencies
MARS member receives info
request, makes contact with
amateur in affected area
or uses other amateurs to
relay the information request
Staff reviews disaster information
May request more information
be provided, request sent to MARS
15
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Disaster Event
Occurs
Responding military forces
authorized to communicate directly
with Amateur Radio
Operators in the disaster area to
effectively coordinate the
response efforts
MARS member receives info
request, makes contact with
amateur in affected area
or uses other amateurs to
relay the information request
Staff reviews disaster information
May request more information
be provided, request sent to MARS
16
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Exercise Pacific Endeavor-14
Situation
On or about 11 Aug 0730 hrs local Kathmandu time (0115 hrs Z), a massive earthquake
strikes Nepal causing widespread devastation and outages to utilities including all
primary communications.
Nepal Amateur Radio Operators begin sending out calls for assistance on IARU
designated Emergency Center of Activity (ECoA) frequencies.
X
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Exercise Pacific Endeavor-14
Mission
On 11 Aug at 0115 Hrs Z, MARS and CFARS operators begin scanning IARU ECoAs in
order to listen for and report on possible disaster situational awareness traffic being
sent from Amateur Radio Operators in the affected disaster area.
MARS and CFARS operators will prepare spot reports containing appropriate who,
what, where, and when information to be forwarded to the US Combatant Command,
US Pacific Command, for their situational awareness.
MARS and CFARS operators will be prepared to scan IARU ECoA frequencies again
on 19 Aug at 0115 Hrs Z to listen for potential reports from earthquake aftershocks.
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Exercise Pacific Endeavor-14
X
MARS
CFARS
X Incident Location
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Other HADR Operations and Exercises:
• Exercise Pacific Endeavor - 13
• Typhoon Phailin: Oct 2013, India
• Typhoon Haiyan: Nov 2013, Philippines
• Balkans Flooding: Spring 2014
• Multinational Exercise Rim of the Pacific: June 2014
20
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Exercise Pacific Endeavor-13
Participating Station
Locations
Training held on 7, 14, and 17 August
60 participants from 6 countries including:
Nepal
Germany
US
United Kingdom
Afghanistan
Japan
Total volunteer hours: ~150 hrs (including exercise)
Exercise Conditions:
- Real world power outage in Nepal – station on battery
back up and 25 Watts; used PSK 31
- Signal from Nepal reliable only to Afghanistan;
intermittent to Germany and west coast US.
- Gateways in Hawaii and Japan didn’t have PSK 31
capability (not a typical MARS mode)
- Propagation challenging throughout exercise; delayed
message handling in some instances while connection
re-established
Reliable Comms
Marginal Comms
No comms
Message Metrics
- Spot Reports submitted 34 minutes and 64 minutes into
Exercise; by Army MARS station in Afghanistan
- 5 RFIs sent; 4 responses received due to propagation
- Average response time from posting in APAN,
Transmitting RFI, receiving response and posting to
APAN was 22 minutes
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Exercise Pacific Endeavor-13
Slow Scan Digital Images received 27 August 2013
Images transmitted from Nepal to Afghanistan
Nepal using approximately 50 watts
Afghanistan running approximately 100 watts
Each image took approximately 2-3 minutes to transmit
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Other HADR Operations and Exercises:
• Typhoon Phailin: Oct 2013, India
• Typhoon Haiyan: Nov 2013, Philippines
• Balkans Flooding: Spring 2014
• Multinational Exercise Rim of the Pacific: June 2014
23
MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Take Aways:
• Amateur Radio Operators are a world-wide resource
• MARS members, as FCC licensed Amateur Radio
operators, can serve as a vital information link
between those in need and potential military
responding forces following a disaster
• Established IARU/GAREC procedures provide a
common set of standards for training
• Information accuracy and validity remains a concern
• Need to include IARU members in future Department
of Defense humanitarian exercises.
• Language concerns
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MARS Supporting the IARU/GAREC
Questions
Paul English
Army MARS
Program Manager
[email protected]
254-947-3141

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