D) The Egyptians had a complex irrigation system, an effective

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Early Civ for 1
The transformation that was most responsible for moving humans toward civilization
was the
a)
Use of fire
b)
Smelting of metals such as copper
c)
Growth of towns and cities
d)
Rise of agriculture
e)
Rise of specialized classes
Check Your Answer
Early Civ for 1
D) With agriculture, human beings were able to settle in one spot and
focus on particular economic, political, and religious goals and activities.
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Early Civ for 2
The start of sedentary agriculture
a) Occurred simultaneously in various places and spread around the world
b) Began only in the savannas of West Africa
c)
Started in the Middle East first but developed independently in other areas
d) Arose in the river valleys of the Huang-he and Yangtze
e)
Began after the abandonment of hunting and gathering
Check Your Answer
Early Civ for 2
C) Historians believe that agriculture appeared independently in the
Middle East, in China, and in the Americas; the Middle East
developed farming first.
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Early Civ for 3
Cuneiform and other types of writing are important in part because they
a)
Help organize elaborate political structures
b) Lead directly to social stratification
c)
Can compel leaders to follow written guidelines of behavior
d) Hinder economic development in certain circumstances
e)
Limit bureaucratic inefficiencies
Check Your Answer
Early Civ for 3
A) A society with written records can tax, keep records, send messages,
and make laws much more effectively.
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Early Civ for 4
Unlike Sumer and the Indus Valley or Harappan civilization,
Egypt
a) Did not have an effective method of irrigation
b) Lacked a coherent system of writing
c) Began using metal tools much later
d) Retained a unified state throughout most of its history
e) Worshipped many gods
Check Your Answer
Early Civ for 4
D) The Egyptians had a complex irrigation system, an effective
method of writing (hieroglyphics), used metal tools from an early
stage, and remained territorially unified for most of their history.
Like the Harappans and Sumerians they worshipped many gods.
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Early Civ for 5
Compared to the river valley culture in Egypt and Mesopotamia, Chinese civilization
a)
Probably developed after civilizations in the Nile Valley and Mesopotamia
b) Predates the rise of civilizations in the Nile Valley and Mesopotamia
c)
Developed simultaneously with Egypt and Mesopotamia
d) Did not rely on heavy irrigation as year-round water was plentiful
e)
Has not verifiable historic origins and left no written records
Check Your Answer
Early Civ for 5
A) The first civilizations developed in Mesopotamia
around 3,500 B.C.E. and in Egypt around 3,100 B.C.E.
Civilization developed in China 1,000-1,500 years
later.
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Qins for 1
Confucianism and Daoism
a) Were officially sanctioned doctrines of the Qin and Han
emperors
b) Are religions, which developed in classical China
c) Emphasized the needs of the individual over the welfare of
the state
d) Had little influence upon China and Chinese society until the
late 900s C.E.
e) Originated as responses to societal problems during times
of disruption
Check Your Answer
Qins for 1
•E) Both of these philosophies arose as responses to the uncertainty of
the late Zhou period. Legalism was a later development.
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Qins for 2
The doctrine sponsored by the Qin Dynasty to support its
state
a) Encouraged education, new ideas, and tolerated
criticism of the state.
b) Broke the power of vassals in order to enhance the
power of the emperor
c) Paid the northern nomadic groups tribute to prevent
invasions
d) Tolerated local lords perofrming functions for the
central govt.
e) Used reciprocal social arrangements and scholar
officials as bureaucrats.
Check Your Answer
Qins for 2
B) Centralization of power was a key tenet of
Shi Huangdi and the Qin rulers.
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Qins for 3
During the Han dynasty, scholar officials
a) Lost their governmental offices to aristocrats
b) Came increasingly from the merchant and peasant
classes
c) Utilized Legalism as a ruling doctine
d) Insisted on harsh law codes to maintian control
e) Instituted a system of examination to prepare
professinal civil servants.
Check Your Answer
Qins for 3
E) The civil service exam first developed under
the Han is on of the quintessential features of
Chinese culture.
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Qins for 4
Chinese women in the Classical Age
a) Were free to choose the men they would marry
b) Could become sholar-gentry provided they passed the
state exams
c) Were legally subordinated to fathers and husbands at
all class levels.
d) Dominated the intellectual and artistic activities of
China
e) Varied greatly in status, influence, and rights.
Check Your Answer
Qins for 4
C) The Chinese culture was patriarchal, relying
on traditions that benefited men.
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Qins for 5
Despite ther material success and incrased wealth,
a) Foreigners were prohibited from settleing in China
b) Chinese rulers were isolated from the masses and did not intervene in
govt.
c) Chinese aristocrats had no influence within the govt.
d) Merchants in China ranked below peasants and had little societal
influence
e) The scholar-gentry were prohibited from owning land.
Check Your Answer
Qins for 5
d) The merchant class’s low prestige was in large part a product of the
Confucian distaste for lives of moneymaking.
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Karma for 1
The highest Hindu caste members in India after the
Epic Age were the
a) Shudras (workers)
b) Vaisayas (merchants, herders)
c) Kshatriya (warriors, rulers)
d) Brahmans (priests, scholars)
e) Dasas or the Dravidian peoples.
Check Your Answer
Karma for 1
d) The Brahmin caste stood atop the Indian class
hierarchy, followed by (in order) the Kshatriya, the
Vaisayas, the Shudras, and the untouchables.
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Karma for 2
A major difference between Buddhism and Hinduism was
that
a) Buddhism denied the need for caste, rites, and
sacrifice to achieve nirvana
b) Hinduism was monotheistic, and Buddhism was
polytheistic
c) Buddhism denied rebirth, reincarnation, and
emphasized the real world
d) Buddhism encouraged its followers to renounce the
political world
e) Hinduism taught respect for all living things and
prohibited killing
Check Your Answer
Karma for 2
A) Buddhism rejects caste, ritual, and priests in
favor of meditation, prayer, and the “destruction
of self.”
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Karma for 3
Buddhism spread primarily as a result of
a) The caste system
b) The appeal of ritualistic sacrifice and the performing of
intricate rites flawlessly
c) Its monastic community
d) Gupta rulers
e) Warfare with Brahman opponents
Check Your Answer
Karma for 3
c)Along with the emperor Ashoka, groups of monks- organized in
monasteries but preaching throughout the world- were the most
successful means of spreading Buddhism.
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Karma for 4
Buddhism lost its appeal and influence in Guptan India in
part because
a) Hinduism showed its adaptability by emphasizing its
mysticl side, thuse retaining the loyalties of many
Indians.
b) Unpopular Guptas supported Buddhism, which led to
Buddhism’s decline
c) Islam was introduced and replaced both Hinduism and
Buddhism
d) Hindus abandoned the caste system, making Hinduism
more attractive.
Check Your Answer
Karma for 4
a) Hinduism’s ability to adapt to the needs of
local communities was instrumental in its
spread.
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Karma for 5
During the classical era in India, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
a)
Religious authorities often allowed dissections in the name of research
b) Spherical shrines to Buddha, called stupas, were erected
c)
The concept of zero was invented
d) Sculpture and painting moved away from realistic portrayals of the human form to
a more stylized representation
e)
Indians developed an interest in spontaneity and imagination.
Check Your Answer
Karma for 5
a)Religious authorities
hampered medical
research by placing
restrictions on dissection.
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Al da Great for 1
The major impact of Alexander the Great’s conquests was
the
a) Elimination of foreign influences from Greek culture.
b) Establishment of a unified govt. for the eastern
Mediterranean
c) Birth of mystery religions and the forced migration of
Jews
d) Spread of Greek culture throughout the eastern
Mediterranean
e) Destruction of regional trade and commerce.
Check Your Answer
Al da Great for 1
d) Though Alex’s empire
was short lived, it allowed
Hellenism to spread
throughout the classical
Mediterranean world.
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Alex for 2
Greco-Roman philosophers attempted to understand human nature through
a)
emotion, especially the desire for love and brotherhood
b) Its rigid adherence to societal norms with rewards and punishments
c)
Human sin, salvation, and redemption
d) Human relationships to the state and society at large
e)
Rational observation and deduction.
Check Your Answer
Alex for 2
e) Greek and Roman
thinkers emphasized
reason & logic in their
attempts to find answers
to central philosphical
questions.
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Alexx for 3
Mediterranean agriculture under the Greeks and Romans
was
a) Extremely efficient and self-sufficient, supplying large
surpluses for trade
b) Not as dependent on irrigation as wer other classical
civilizations
c) Heavily reliant on imported grain stuffs and ehte xport
of cash crops
d) Yielded insufficient suprluses to support high urban
populations.
e) Favored the small farmers instead of the large, landed
estates.
Check Your Answer
Alexx for 3
c) b/c of soil conditions,
the Greeks/Romans relied
heavily on imported
grains. They exported
olives, wines, & other
commodities to colonies
in return for grain.
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AldaGrreat for 4
Rome successfully expanded for all these reasons
EXCEPT:
a) It possessed a disciplined, trained military
b) It had a rich agricultural economy, which supported a
large population
c) Roman govt. proved flexible and tolerant
d) Roman leaders made citizens out of conquered elites
e) It had no organized and powerful rivals to oppose
expansion in the area.
Check Your Answer
AldaGrreat for 4
e) Carthage, for ex,
provided a major
organized challenge to
Roman expansion.
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Alllllexxxxxx for 5
With regard to merchants, classical civilizations in Rome, Greece, and
China
a.
accorded them high social status
b. Saw little use for their talents in otherwise largely agricultural
societies
c.
Were ambivalent toward mechants despite their vital roles in
commerce
d. Rewarded merchant success through upward social mobility
e.
Made them state bureacruats
Check Your Answer
Allllexxxxxxxx for 5
c) All three classical societies had lukewarm opinions of the
merchants. In India, merchants enjoyed relatively high caste
status.
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Bartonnn for 1
The two American centers of civilization included central Mexico and the
a)
Mississippi area
b) Yucatan peninsula
c)
American southwest (AZ, NM, & UT)
d) Andean river valleys and plateaus of Ecuador and Peru
e)
Rio Plata and Parana river systems of Argentina.
Check Your Answer
Bartonnnn for 1
d) The Andes region of Ecuador and Peru formed the
cradle of Inca civilization.
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I Heart Bart for 2
In Ethiopia, trade and contacts
a)
Insulated the culture form African influences
b) Led to the kingdom’s conversion to Christianity
c)
Brought the state in contact with Bantu peoples
d) Led to its conquest by Arabs
e)
Introduced Buddhism and Hinduism from India.
Check Your Answer
I Heart Bart for 2
b) Greek-speaking merchants brought Christianity to Ethiopia by
the 4th century C.E.
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Barton for 3
Shinto
a) Is an extremely developed form of animistic nature worship
b) Arrived in Japan with the first official embassy from China
c) Is a branch of Buddhism
d) Is a warrior’s religions and glorifies the military way of life.
e) Was pivotal in the transmission of Chinese culture to Japan
Check Your Answer
Barton for 3
a) Shintoism is a relatively simple ancient Japanese religion
focused on worship of political leaders and the spirits or nature,
included the all-important god of rice.
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Ms. B for 4
All of these contributed to the decline & fall of Rome
EXCEPt:
a) The spread of Christianity
b)
Nomadic invations
c)
The collapse of effective govt.
d)
Plagues which decimated populations
e)
Economic disruptions
Check Your Answer
Ms. B for 4
a) The Roman Empire was in decline long before Christianity
became an officially sanctioned religion
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B for 5
The fall of the Roman Empire
a) Left behind a common culture unifying the Mediterranean basin
b) Left the Persian Empire in control of the eastern Mediterranean basin
c)
Divided Christianity into Catholic and Orhodox (Greek) sects
d) Had little effect on artistic and cultural traditions
e)
Divided the Mediterranean into three different cultural zones
Check Your Answer
Grab Bag for 5
e) The 3 zones were the Eastern,
or Byzantine zone; north Africa,
and the southeastern
Mediterranean; and western
Europe.
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