The Role of Government in Sustainable Disaster Recovery

Report
Role of Government in
Sustainable Disaster Recovery
Matt Campbell, National Coordinator
Community Planning and Capacity Building
Federal Emergency Management Agency
National Disaster Recovery Framework
– Presidential directive
– Importance of recovery to return of
healthy communities
– Recognition of the broad issues,
partners and stakeholders in
recovery
– Lessons from prior recovery efforts
– Resilience and Sustainability: Seize opportunities
for strengthening and improvements in
communities
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Recovery Phases
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NDRF Key Concepts &Principles
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Recovery Support Functions
Leadership and Local Primacy
Pre and Post Disaster Recovery Planning
Sustainability and Resilience
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Key NDRF Concept:
Recovery Support Functions
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Community Planning and Capacity
Building RSF
CPCB Mission
To support and build
recovery capacities and
community planning
resources of local, state,
territorial, and tribal
governments needed to
effectively plan for, manage,
and implement disaster
recovery activities.
Federal Partners
Corporation for National and Community Service
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Education
Department of Energy
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Department of the Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Transportation
Department of the Treasury
Environmental Protection Agency
General Services Administration
Small Business Administration
U.S. Access Board
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
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Key NDRF Concept: Leadership
• Local Disaster Recovery Managers
• Tribal/State Disaster Recovery Coordinator
• Federal Disaster Recovery Coordinator
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Leadership and Local Primacy
Local and Tribal governments have primary
responsibility for the recovery of their
communities and play the lead role in planning for
and managing all aspects of community recovery.
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What role does the community play in
disaster recovery
• Who is the “community”?
– Whole-community
• What do we mean by resilience?
• What/who is leadership?
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Factors of a Successful Local Recovery
• Effective Decision-making and Coordination.
• Integration of Community Recovery
Planning Processes.
• Well-managed Recovery.
• Proactive Community Engagement, Public
Participation and Public Awareness.
• Well-administered Financial Acquisition.
• Organizational Flexibility.
• Resilient Rebuilding.
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Local government
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Planning
Land-use, zoning, moratoriums
Policy
Regulation
Investment and foster economic development
Tax Base
Grants
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Key NDRF Concept - Sustainability
• NDRF Sustainability – recovery should address
“..strengthening the health and human
services, social fabric, educational system,
environmental sustainability, cultural
resources and economic vitality — serves to
enhance the overall resiliency of the entire
community as the recovery progresses. “
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Hazard Mitigation
• Physical resilience
• If we aren’t reducing or avoiding the physical risk
during rebuilding, we are missing the primary
sustainability opportunity
SAFE DEVELOPMENT = SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
• Federal, state, local policy importance
• Operationalize local government mitigation in
the recovery period
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Sustainability in Recovery
• Major reinvestment opportunities across all
sectors
• Public receptive to changes
• Local recovery process and planning
– Local Government key
– Foundation begins with a well led, organized, planned
and managed effort
– Inclusive, building long term support
• Build leadership, build processes, build partners,
build support and ownership among government
and community
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Key NDRF Concept: Pre & Post Planning
• Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Local
Government
– Defined organization and leadership
– Key policies and actions
– Address capacity needs
– Agree on a post event planning process
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Key NDRF Concept: Pre & Post Planning
• Post-Disaster Local Government
– Implement pre-event plan
– Leadership, all sectors
– Communications, inclusion, partnerships
– Implement a planning process
• Organized Adaptability = Resilience
– Apply and adapt policy
– Local Disaster Recovery Management
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Federal and State Government
• An organized state
• Established policies
• Need for state and federal agencies to support
local planning and management of recovery
• Leverage various sustainability and mitigation
initiatives
• Partner with NGO/Professional Associations
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Experiences
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Greensburg
Louisiana – Isaac
Colorado
Hurricane Sandy
– Sandy Task Force
– NY
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New York, Sandy
• NY Rising – “Recovery from Yesterday, Plan for Tomorrow”
• CPCB RSF Priorities: Institutional and staffing
capability, community financial capacity, resource sharing,
community planning, building abandonment, land-use/pop
shift, Sustainable community principles
• Smart Growth Working Group-Address future growth
outside hazard areas. EPA, FEMA, NY DOS, MTA, Suffolk Co.
• Renewable energy and critical infrastructure
workgroup FEMA, EDA, NREL, NY Energy Research and Dev
Authority, CDBG
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What can you do now?
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Use guidance in the NDRF
Support/leverage role of state & local government
Build partnerships/networks
Establish resilience, mitigation and sustainability
as policy objectives for recovery
• Support/build recovery planning and integrate
recovery process with other planning at state and
local level, especially mitigation planning
• Reach out to CPCB Regional Coordinator
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