Trends in Rural and Urban Poverty in India

Report
Falling Share of Food in
Consumer Spending and the
Poverty Question
Utsa Patnaik
January 2012
1. Ogive of Persons by MPCE Levels, Rural
1983
C u m u la tiv e F re q u e n c y D is trib u tio n o f P e rs o n s o v e r M P C E C la s s e s , A ll-In d ia R U R A L , 1 9 8 3
120
100
P ercen t o f P erso n s
80
60
40
20
0
0
50
100
150
200
M P C E, R s.
250
300
350
2. Daily per capita Calorie Intake by MPCE
Rural 1983
D a ily p e r c a p ita C a lo rie In ta k e b y M P C E le v e ls
5000
4500
4000
C alo rie In take
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
M P C E, R s.
300
350
400
450
500
3. Ogive of Persons by MPCE levels, Rural
2009-10
140
120
Percent of Persons
100
80
60
40
20
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
MPCE, Rs.
2500
3000
3500
4.Daily per capita Calorie Intake by MPCE,
Rural 2009-10
3000
Daily Calorie Intake
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
0
500
1000
1500
MPCE, Rs.
2000
2500
3000
5. Share of Food, and Miscellaneous Goods and Services,
in MPCE, percent
70
60
50
FR
40
FU
MSR
30
MSU
20
10
0
1987-88
1993-94
1999-00
2004-05
2009-10
6. All-India Rural Poverty Trends 1983 to 2004-5
•
NSS Round
•
50th
61st
66th
1993-4
2004-5
2009-0
325
575
1100
•
1..Direct Poverty Line DPL,.
2200 Kcal
•
•
•
•
•
•
2.Official Poverty Line OPL,
Rs.
206
356 (414)
650
3.Direct Poverty Ratio DPR, %
58.5
69.5
78
4.Official Poverty Ratio OPR, %
37.3
28.3 (41.8)
37
•
•
•
5.Calorie Intake @ OPL
6. Deficit of Calorie Intake
from norm
1980
1820(1950)
1880
- 420
- 580(-450)
-520
7. Official and Direct Poverty Lines, Rural, 1973-4 to 2009-10
Official and Direct Nutrition-invariant Poverty lines, 1973-4 to 200910
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1973-4
1983
Official Poverty Line
1993-4
2004-5
Direct Poverty Line
2009-10
8. Official and Direct Poverty Percentages, Rural, 1973-4 to 2009-10
Official and Direct Poverty Percentages, 1973-4 to 2009-10
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1973-4
1983
1993-4
Official Poverty %
2004-5
Direct Poverty %
2009-10
9. Declining Calorie Intake at Official Poverty Lines, Rural, 1973-4 to
2009-10
Declining Calorie Intake at Official Poverty Lines, 1973-4 to
2009-10
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1973-4
1983
1993-4
2004-5
Calories at Official Poverty Line less 1000
Official Calorie norm less 1000
2009-10
10 All-India Urban Poverty Trends, 1983 to 2004-5
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ROUND NO:
50
61
1993
2004
-94
-05
______________________________________________________________________________
_____
Direct Poverty Line,
1.MPCE giving
2100 Kcal,Rs
(DPL 2100)
Rs.
2.Percent of Persons
below Direct PL
•
•
•
•
Indirect official
3.Official Poverty
Line OPL
4. Percent of Persons
below Official PL
5.Calorie intake
at Official PL
6.Deviation from
RDA of 2100 Kcal
•
6.Ratio of DPL to OPL
•
•
38
1983
150
395
1,000
60.5
57.0
64.5
285
538.6
42.2
33.2
25.7
1905
1885
1795
- 195
- 215
-305
1.28
1.39
1.86
Rs. 117.6
11. Official and Direct Poverty Lines, Urban
1200
MPCE, Rs.
1000
800
Offcial Poverty Line
600
Direct Poverty Line
400
200
0
1973-4
1983
1993-4 2004-5
12 Official and Direct Poverty Percentages,Urban
Percent of Persons
70
60
50
Official Poverty
Ratio
40
30
Direct Poverty
Ratio
20
10
0
1973-4
1983
1993-4 2004-5
13. Declining Calorie Intake at Official Poverty
Lines, Urban
Declining Calorie Intake at Official Poverty
Lines, All-India Urban
2200
2100
2000
1900
1800
1700
1600
1973-4
1983
OPL Calorie Intake
1993-4
2004-5
Norm Calorie Intake

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