On the Impact of Security Protocols on the Performance of SNMP

Report
On the Impact of Security Protocols
on the Performance of SNMP
Group 6
KHAN, Taimur
KONG, Jing
SHIH, Min
SUN, Mengti
YU, Chenglin
J. Schonwalder and V. Marinov
IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, 2011, pp.52-64
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSM.2011.012111.00011
24 slides
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Summary
Question: How can SSH, TLS, DTLS be used to
address limitations in SNMPv3/USM?
Answer this question by
Analyzing impact and performance
between the various options to
secure SNMP
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Outline
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Background
SNMP Architecture
Message-based Security
Session-based Security
Performance Evaluation
Key Findings
Guidelines for Choosing Solutions
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Background
SNMPv1 has no cryptographic security && the
engineered solution on SNMPv2 is too complex
USM (User- based Security Model)
on SNMPv3
SNMPv3 and USM have to deploy another
user and key management infrastructure 
high cost
SSH, TLS, DTLS are introduced which can
take advantage of already deployed key
management infrastructures
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SNMP Architecture
ASIs are the interfaces between
subsystem
Ref. RFC3414(USM), 3584(CSM), 5591(TSM), 5592(SSHTM), 6353(TLSTM)
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Message-based Security
• CSM (SNMPv1, SNMPv2c)
– Plain-text community string which provides very little
security.
• USM (SNMPv3)
– noAuthNoPriv (nn)
• no authentication, no encryption
– authNoPriv (an)
• message authentication, message integrity, timeliness checking
• no encryption
– authPriv (ap)
• message authentication, message integrity, timeliness checking
• encryption of the payload of SNMP messages
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TSD for Message-based Security
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Session-based Security
• Transport Security Model
– Negligible costs on passing existing information
• SSH Transport Model
– Many methods for authentication
• TLS Transport Model for TLS
– Session resumption mechanism
– X.509 certificates for authentication
• TLS Transport Model for DTLS (over datagram)
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TSD for Session-based Security
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Performance Evaluation
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Session Establishment
Latency without Packet Loss
Bandwidth Usage
Latency with Packet Loss
Impact of Bulk Retrieval
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Session Establishment
PERFORMANCE OF A SINGLE SNMPGET REQUESTS (SYSDESCR.0)
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Slow machine
Fast machine
USM/ap ≈ USM/an ≈ USM/nn
little benefit in removing auth/priv
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Latency without Packet Loss (II)
USM/ap ≈ TSM/SSH ≈ TSM/(D)TLS
difference of protocols do not have much
impact on delays if using similar hash
functions and encryption transformations
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For v3/USM/ap, v3/USM/nn, v2/CSM
over UDP ≈ over TCP
UDP ≈ TCP in a fast reliable network
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USM/ap > USM/an > USM/nn > SNMPv2/TCP >SNMPv2/UDP
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TSM/TLS > TSM/SSH > USM > TSM/DTLS
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Latency with Packet Loss
• TCP's retransmission algorithm clearly
outperforms simple non-adaptive SNMP
retransmission algorithm
PACKET SIZES FOR ALL SECURITY MODEL / TRANSPORT / SECURITY LEVEL COMBINATIONS
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Impact of Bulk Retrieval
↑ max-repetitions parameter (r) In the best case, r reduces
↓ number of interaction needed the number of interactions
to 1/r. But not the same
↓ overall latency
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factor for latency
Key Findings
• TLS session resumption feature significantly reduces the
session reestablishment costs.
– The resumption mechanism for SSH has yet to be
standardised
• The difference between USM, SSH, TLS and DTLS in terms of
latency is small after the session is established.
• The non-adaptive SNMP retransmission algorithm is
outperformed by TCP algorithms in packet loss networks.
• The usage of GetBulk dramatically reduces the number of
requests sent over the network, resulting in much better
overall performance.
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Guidelines for Choosing Solutions
(SNMPv3/TSM/SSH)
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Good AAA Integration
Easy derivation of securityName
Efficient message encoding
× Large session establishment overhead
× Lack of session resumption mechanisms
TCP Supports large messages better than UDP
TCP retransmission algorithms work well
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Guidelines for Choosing Solutions
(SNMPv3/TSM/TLS)
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Same pros and cons of using TCP as SSHTM
TLS session resumption
Less session startup overhead than SSH
× Less efficient in message encodings than SSH
× Complicated derivation of securityName
× Lack of good AAA integration
× X.509 infrastructure must be in place
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Guidelines for Choosing Solutions
(SNMPv3/TSM/DTLS)
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Shares most of the pros and cons of TLSTM
Smaller framing overhead over UDP
Applications have control over retransmissions
Although application retransmission timers
are to be coordinated with DTLS
retransmission timers
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Guidelines for Choosing Solutions
(SNMPv3/USM/UDP)
• Separate key management infrastructure
– Ensures the availability of security regardless of
the presence of other infrastructures
– × Expensive to deploy
• Works efficiently if interactions are sporadic
• Applications have full control over
retransmissions.
• SNMP/UDP may suffer from IP fragmentation
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Related work
• Session resumption for the secure shell protocol
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INM.2009.5188805
Thank you!
Question?
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