WMO presentation

Report
World Meteorological Organization
Working together in weather, climate and water
WMO
Addressing climate variability, extremes and natural disasters
for LDC development
Kaliba Konaré
Director
Office for LDC Programme and
Regional Coordination
Pre-conf LDC IV Feb 2011
Kisumo, Kenya
www.wmo.int
WMO
A complementing approach
 Climate Change: key challenge
 Way it impacts LDC development through
• weather and climate extreme events
(related hazards)
• climate variability
• Damages to Society
 Action/ Informed decision making
 Seamless climate information
services for CC Adaptation and
reducing vulnerability
1
Current Climate Variability
Within a year
Runoff
Current Climate Variability
Across years
Development impact of climate variability
IPCC 4th Assessment: Socio-economic Impacts of
Climate-Related Extremes on the Rise !
Energy
Hazard intensity and
frequency increasing linked
to climate variability and
change!
Transportation
Water Resource
Management
Intensity
Strong Wind
People
Heavy rainfall / Flood
Agriculture
Urban areas
Vulnerability and
exposure on the rise !
Drought
Need for
Multi-sectoral risk
management
Heatwaves
Frequency
Increase of reported natural
disasters is weather related
Billions of USD per decade
Geological
495
500
Hydrometeorological
450
400
345
350
300
While economic
losses are on
the way up!
250
200
150
50
0
11
4
56-65
24
14
66-75
Geological
47
76-85
86-95
96-05
decade
2.66
Hydrometeorological
2.5
2
1.73
1.5
1
0.67
0.65
0.39
0.5
0.05
0
103
88
100
Millions of casualties per decade
3
160
56-65
0.22
0.17
66-75
Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED
International Disaster Database
76-85
0.25
86-95
0.22
96-05
decade
Loss of life from
hydrometeorological
disasters are
decreasing!
Many LDCs are still in post-disaster response
COMMUNITIES AT RISK
National
Government
(emergency systems)
disaster
response
Disaster
response
National Technical
Services
Meteorological
Hydrological
Geological
hazard warning
Marine
Health (etc.)…
Local
government
Early Warning Systems Require Coordination
Across Many Levels and Agencies
National to local disaster risk reduction plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms
1
3
2
4
There is need for investments in all Components of
Early Warning Systems !
1
National
Government
DRR coordination
mechanisms
Aligned policies, plans, resources,
coordination
4
warnings
4
feedback
5
5
Capacity Development and
Coordinated National
Technical Agencies
2
Meteorological
4
warnings
Hydrological
feedback
Geological
Marine
Health, Agricuture (etc.)
5
Local
Government
responsible for
emergency
preparedness and
response
3
Community Prepared
• Need to provide relevant weather, water and
climate information and services to Disaster
Risk Management programmes.
• Science-techno progress: new era for LDCs:
- weather forecasts
- seasonal to annual climate outlook
- Climate change scenarios
Climate information for Disaster Risk
Reduction Operation
Clim Info Provider Disaster Managers
Location
Vulnerability
Magnitude
Expected Loss
Lead Time
Range of plausible actions
Probability
Subjective decision to act or
not act
Meeting the challenges
– New PoA for LDCs
• As
– Assist LDCs to strengthen their National Meteorological and
Hydrological Institutions and raise their profile within the
government national development framework, including
productive capacity in key sectors climate change adaptation and
productive capacit
– Integrate investment and resources as a complementing , not
substituting, support system to climate change adaptation,
including NAPA, UNCCD, and to productive capacity in key socioeconomic sectors
– Develop cooperation between the governments, WMO and other
UN agencies, development banks and donors
14
THANK YOU

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