Multiple Response Strategies Student Engagement Quality Instruction OBJECTICE: Teachers will be able to use Multiple Response Strategies in order to improve and enhance the quality of instruction. DOL: Given 5 questions involving Multiple Response Strategies, the teachers will apply what they learned to solve with 100% accuracy. ARE YOU READY? PREPARE TO PARTICIPATE! Stop and Jot. Write I think Multiple Response Strategies “are”… In this response we are not looking for types of strategies, just tell what you think it is. Q :What are Multiple Response Strategies? A : Multiple Response Strategies are questioning techniques that actively engage and involve all of the learners in the classroom. There are many different types of strategies. Today we will focus on the 8 most common strategies. Types of MRS… Q : Can you name any type of MRS? If so, please list as many as you can think of. A: 1. Response Cards 2. Whip –around 3. Modified Whip 4.Think-Pair-Share 5. Table Talk 6. Quick Response 7. Choral Response 8. White Boards WHEN ??? Teachers are encouraged to use Multiple Response Strategies before, during and/or after instructional time. WHY??? Building administrators will be looking for the use of MRS during walkthroughs, spotobservations and formal evaluations. The School Leadership Team will ensure that the use of MRS becomes common practice. Brainstorm! Why else should we use Multiple Response Strategies? Q: Why should we use Multiple Response Strategies? Some reasons why we should use MRS are because they: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. actively engage all of the learners in the group… prepare the students to make more thoughtful responses… focus in on individual strengths and weaknesses… can be used to evaluate the learning with quick concrete data so the facilitator can make immediate instructional adjustments… allow for self monitoring/reflectivity… create a less stressful environment for the timid participant who will not be embarrassed by peers or penalized for incorrect responses… can be used before, during or after the lesson… do not require much preparation time or elaborate materials… Let’s Have Fun With MRS!! 1. Response Cards Response card are an easy, inexpensive way to get all of the students to answer every question in a low risk way. The student holds the designated card in front of them , the teacher can quickly scan the class for understanding and decide whether to stay on the topic or move on. Below are some easy-make, low budget response cards. True/False and Agree/Disagree Happy face/Neutral face/Sad face. Pinch Cards 1,2,3,4 or A,B,C,D Table Tents Response Cards Response Cards Practice True or False 1. A square is also a rhombus. 2. All rhombus’ are squares. Agree or Disagree 3. The colon in this sentence is used correctly. These are some of the pool rules: 1. Do not run. 2. If you see unsafe behavior, report it to the lifeguard. 3. Have fun! Agree or Disagree 4. There are no errors in this sentence. If you are asking for my advise, I think Cheesecake Factory is better than California Pizza Kitchen. Pinch Cards 5. The length of an Earth day is determined by the time required for approximately one a. Earth revolution b. Sun rotation c. Earth rotation d. Sun revolution 6. Why was the Great Wall of China built? 1. As a marker for China's borders 2. To keep out enemies 3. To connect China to Japan 4. To keep Chinese people from visiting other lands 2. Whip-around Whip –around is an individual instructional strategy that requires input from all of the students. Each student shares their comment in turn. This strategy is usually used when the question has many answers. The teacher asks the question and allows a specific amount of think time which if quickly followed by whipping around the room asking all of the students to give their input. Students may share a unique idea or may connect to something someone else said. Whip necessitates listening to what others say because a student may not simply repeat a previous comment, but can add to it. A student may pass, but it should not become a habit. Whiparound What do you enjoy doing during your free time? 3. Modified Whip-around Teachers can also modify the whip around by having students write a word or phrase on a sheet of paper and stand to show the class their response as the “wave” circulates around the classroom. Modified Whip-around FUNNY Write one word to describe you. 4. Think- Pair - Share Think-pair-share is exactly what it says… pose a question or problem, allow the students enough think time, Next, he or she pairs up with a neighbor or assigned partner to discuss the problem, (during the partner discussion the students construct their own knowledge, question their understanding, and find out what they know and don’t know) After ample discussion time, the teacher convenes the class for a share discussion in which each group gets a chance to talk. As a result of using this technique, student responses are more concise because they have had the time to work on and edit their thinking. The students gain skill in communicating orally, they learn how to socialize with peers they may not often talk with and eventually the shy student becomes comfortable sharing ideas with the entire class on a daily basis. Think-Pair-Share What are the components of a good lesson? 5. Table Talk Table Talk is a strategy used when there is a project or discussion that must take place. Each student in the group is accountable for a piece of the project. They talk and put it all together and present as a group to the class. The key is to set norms so all students know they are responsible for a part. Please refer to the IFL handout. Table Talk Paraphrase Sit in groups of 4. Each person must select one bolded topic to review. Read it carefully and paraphrase the details as you will be responsible for communicating your findings to the group. 6. Quick Responses Quick response strategies are simple bodily motions or sounds that can be made in response to a question. For example, If you agree with Jessica’s answer please stand. Students must be prepared to explain their choice response in the event of a debate. Below are some ideas, but feel free to be as creative as possible. Stand up/sit down Thumbs up/thumbs down/thumb in the middle 1 arm up/ 2 arms up Animal sounds ex: moo like a cow is you choose A, nay like a horse if you choose B. 7. Oral/ Choral Response What is oral/choral response? Oral/choral response is a checking for understanding strategy that requires all students to respond at the same time on the teacher's signal. This strategy is ideal for curriculum content that has only one correct answer and requires a brief 1-3 word response. Why use Group Response? When students respond using a group response strategy they are actively engaged and more likely to learn the material being taught. Also, the teacher hears or sees student responses and has immediate feedback about whether the majority of students in the class are really understanding the academic content. Helpful Hints: Provide clear, concise directions on when and how students need to respond. Pose a question and provide wait/think time . Use a consistent cue to signal students to respond. Have students respond using a group response strategy ex:(Loud Whisper) Provide feedback determined on majority response . 8. White/Wipe Boards White/wipe boards are a great tool in checking for understanding. The teacher poses the question or problem and of course allows for think/response time. This allows for the teacher to view all student responses in a quick manner. There are 2 ways to check the responses. 1.) The teacher has everyone work on the response and show their answers at the same time. 2.) The teacher can walk around the room and as each answer is complete the teacher mentally takes notes of wrong answers or marks it on the DOL tracker. Once the answer has been checked, the teacher tells the student to “turn” which signals him/her to turn their answer board over so neighbors can not see. If you choose to utilize a DOL tracker, keep in mind you can use that data to create your small groups for that skill . DOL trackers are great for your Data Binder!!! DOL Tracker STUDENT #1 Juan #2 X Dave #3 #4 X X X X Nayeli Marino X X Veronica Sarah X Sikaya X James X Jessica X #5 X X X X DOL of the day! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Should teachers use MRS before, during or after instruction? MRS are ___________ techniques that engages all learners. Identify at least 2 of the strategies you learned today. Name one example of a response card strategy. True or False…MRS are a low budget solution for actively engaging students and enhancing instruction? DOL of the day! ANSWERS Should teachers use MRS before, during or after instruction? All of the above 2. MRS are questioning techniques that engages all learners. 3. Identify at least 2 of the strategies you learned today. Response Cards, Whip-around, Modified Whip-around, Think/Pair/Share, 1. Table Talk, Quick Response, Choral Response, White Boards 4. Name one example of a response card strategy. Agree/Disagree, True/False, Pinch Cards, Table Tents 5. True or False…MRS are a low budget solution for actively engaging students and enhancing instruction?