Figure 3-3

Report
POWERPOINT® LECTURE SLIDE PRESENTATION
by ZARA OAKES, MS, The University of Texas at Austin
UNIT 1
3
PART A
Compartmentation:
Cells and Tissues
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
DEE UNGLAUB SILVERTHORN
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
FOURTH EDITION
About this Chapter
 Lumen and fluid compartments
 Biological membranes
 Intracellular compartments
 Tissue types and characteristics
 Tissue remodeling
 Organs
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Three Major Body Cavities
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Figure 3-1
Lumens of Hollow Organs
 Hollow organs
 Heart
 Lungs
 Blood vessels
 Intestines
 Lumen
 Fluid-filled interior
 Not the internal environment
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Functional Compartments
 Extracellular fluid
 Plasma
 Interstitial fluid
 Intracellular fluid
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Body Fluid Compartments
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Figure 3-2
Cell Membrane: Overview
Membranes in the body
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Figure 3-3
Cell Membrane: Function
 Physical barrier
 Gateway for exchange
 Communication
 Cell structure
 Phospholipid bilayer
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Cell Membrane: Structure
The fluid mosaic model of a biological membrane
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Figure 3-4
Cell Membrane: Composition
 Lipids
 Proteins
 Micelles
 Integral
 Liposomes
 Peripheral
 Sphingolipids
 Lipid-anchored
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Cell Membrane: Formation
Membrane phospholipids form bilayers, micelles, or
liposomes
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Figure 3-5a
Cell Membrane: Formation
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Figure 3-5b
Cell Membrane: Proteins
The three types of membrane proteins: integral,
peripheral, and lipid-anchored
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Figure 3-6
Cell Membrane
Map of cell membrane components
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Figure 3-9
Cell Compartments
 Cytoplasm
 Cytosol
 Inclusions
 Organelles
 Nucleus
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Cell Compartments
A map for the
study of cell
structure
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Figure 3-11
Inclusions: No Membranes
 Ribosomes
 Free
 Fixed
 Proteasomes
 Vaults
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Cytoplasmic Proteins Fibers
 Actin (microfilaments)
 Intermediate
 Microtubules
 Tubulin
 Centrioles
 Cilia
 Flagella
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Centrioles, Cilia, and Flagella
 Centrioles
 Pull chromosomes
 Form core in cilia
 Cilia and flagella
 Fluid movement
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Centrioles, Cilia, and Flagella
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Figure 3-13a–b
Cilia and Flagella
 Motor proteins
 Microtubules
 Nine pairs surrounding a central pair
 Cilia move fluids
 Flagella move sperm cell
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Cilia and Flagella
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Figure 3-13c–d
Cytoskeleton: Function
 Cell shape
 Internal organization
 Intracellular transport
 Assembly of cells into tissues
 Movement
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Cytoskeleton and Cytoplasmic Protein Fibers
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Figure 3-14a
Cytoskeleton and Cytoplasmic Protein Fibers
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Figure 3-14b
Mitochondria: Membrane-Bound
 Membranes for protected reactions
 Mitochondria
 Generates cell energy (ATP)
 Have own DNA
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Mitochondria: Membrane-Bound
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Figure 3-16a
Mitochondria: Membrane-Bound
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Figure 3-16b
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
 Smooth ER
 Lipid synthesis
 Conversion
 Rough ER
 Ribosomes
 Protein assembly
 Transport vesicles
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Endoplasmic Reticulum
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Figure 3-17 (1 of 3)
Endoplasmic Reticulum
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Figure 3-17 (2 of 3)
Endoplasmic Reticulum
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Figure 3-17 (3 of 3)

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