GHS PUR-O-ZONE Website

Report
The Globally Harmonized
System for Hazard Classification
and Labeling
TM

The accompanying slides are
intended for the sole
use of PUR-O-ZONE/PRO-LINK
representatives and customers
for educational purposes. The
entire contents are copyrighted,
and use by other organizations
or entities is prohibited without
written consent.
Entire contents copyrighted © 2013, PUR-O-ZONE, Inc. All rights reserved.
EDUCATIONAL
MATERIAL
USE POLICY
The information contained in this
presentation is deemed
accurate. However,
circumstances vary, and
recommendations presented
should be reviewed on-site by
qualified personnel before use.
Please call your PUR-O-ZONE
representative for free
consultation.
Training Goal


Understand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (Haz Com)
 What is GHS?
 Why was the GHS Developed?
 What are the Benefits of GHS?
 What are the Changes to Haz Comm Requirements with GHS?
 Who does this Impact?
 When Do You Need To Be In Compliance?
Review the New 2012 Hazard Communication


New Labeling Requirements
Overview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format

16 categories
What is GHS?

GHS is an acronym for Global Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and
Labeling of Chemicals.
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This program defines and classifies hazards for chemical substances, dilute solutions, and
mixtures.
This is a common and coherent approach to classify chemicals for a global economy.
Communicates information on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
The GHS provides infrastructure for the establishment of national and
international comprehensive chemical safety programs.
Why was the GHS Developed?
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To eliminate the variation in chemical classifications and hazards.
To provide consistency in phrases used to indicate the severity of
hazards, across different hazard types.
To offer better employee protection.

Information should be conveyed in more than one way for comprehensibility
and understanding.
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Reduces confusion.
Enhances understanding of hazards.
Helps address literacy and language concerns.
What are the Benefits of GHS?

It will enhance the human health and the environment.

It will reduce the need for testing and evaluation against multiple classification systems, avoiding
duplication of efforts.
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Fewer chemical accidents.
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Lower health care cost, due to fewer accidents.

Improved protection of workers from chemical hazards.

Reduction in the cost of enforcement.

Expanded use of training programs regarding health and safety.

Improved corporate image and credibility.

Create awareness of hazards, resulting in safer use of chemicals.
What are the Changes to HazCom
Compliance with GHS?



All Labels have new standards
The term MSDS now changes to SDS, with extensive changes.
Added:
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Example: Replace MSDSs with SDSs in your facility’s book
Replace Labels and MSDS Training Sections with New Standard
Written Program - Mostly Unchanged


SDS
Material
Safety
Data
Sheet
Safety
Data
Sheet
Training on the Labels & SDSs
Keep Existing HazCom Training
Add information as it comes into the workplace


MSDS
Definitions have changed
Still requires review and update
GHS Does NOT Replace a Facility Specific HazCom Program
What are the Changes to HazCom
Compliance with GHS?

Classification Criteria

Class and Category
Health Hazards
 Physical Hazards
 Environmental Hazards
 Mixtures (Diluted Products)


Hazard Communication
Labels
 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
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Replaces Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS’s)
Who does this Impact?

Manufacturers, Distributors, & Importers

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Change SDS information and format
Change container labeling
Employers

Training employees on changes to:
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SDS (change from MSDS to SDS and 16-section format)
Container Labels (including secondary containers)
Update HazCom training to the new standards
Update HazCom written plans to the new standards
Employees

Recognize and understand hazards based on:


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Information in new SDS format
Pictograms on container labels
Precautionary and hazard statements
When Do You Need
To Be In Compliance?
Requirement(s)
Responsible Party
December 1, 2013
Train employees on the new Label Elements and SDS
Format
Employers
June 1, 2015
Compliance with all modified provisions of the final rule
except as noted with different Effective Dates
Chemical manufacturers,
importers, distributors, and
employers
December 1, 2015
The distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the
chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label
Distributor
June 1, 2016
All employers shall, as necessary, update any “alternative”
workplace labeling, update the hazard communication
program, and provide any additional employee training for
newly identified physical or health hazards.
Employers
Effective Completion Date
Training Goals


Understand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (Haz Com)
 What is GHS?
 Why was the GHS Developed?
 What are the Benefits of GHS?
 What are the Changes to Haz Comm Requirements with GHS?
 Who is Affected?
 When Do You Need To Be In Compliance?
Review the New 2012 Hazard Communication


New Labeling Requirements
Overview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format

16 categories.
New Definition –
Hazard Classification & Category

Specific criteria for classifying:
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Each Hazard listed above is assigned a Hazard Class

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Health hazards
Physical hazards
Environmental Hazards (not regulated by OSHA)
This indicates the nature of the hazard.
They also have a Hazard Category
The degree of severity within each hazard class
1 = Most Severe
4 = Least Severe

New Label Elements - Product

Standardization for all Product
Labels, Each Label Must Include:
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Product Identifier
Supplier Information
Signal Word
Hazard Pictogram
Hazard Statement
Precautionary Statement
Each Label May Include
“Supplemental Information”
Product Label Elements Example
Labels: Product Identifier
and Supplier Information


Product Identifier: The Name of the Product
Supplier Information:
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

Company Name
Address
Telephone Number
Labels: Signal Word

Signal Word

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Quickly Communicates the Relative Severity of the Hazard
Only 2 Signal Words Will Appear:
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
“DANGER” (more severe hazard)
“WARNING” (less severe hazard)
Not all Labels Will Have a Signal Word

Some chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on
the label
Labels: Pictograms

There are 9 pictograms. Only 8 are regulated by OSHA
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Health Hazards
Physical Hazards
Environmental Hazards (Not regulated by OSHA)
Health Hazard Pictograms
!
Irritant, skin sensitizer,
acute toxicity, narcotic
effects, respiratory tract irritant,
hazard to ozone layer
Carcinogen, mutagenicity,
Reproductive toxicity, respiratory
sensitizer, target organ toxicity,
aspiration toxicity
Skin corrosion/burns,
eye damage
corrosive to metals
Acute toxicity,
fatal or toxic
Physical Hazards Pictograms
Explosives
Self reactives
Organic peroxides
Flammables
Self reactives
Pyrophorics
Self heating
Emits flammable gas
Organic peroxides
Oxidizer
Gases under Pressure
Corrosive to
Metals
English and Spanish Pictograms
Posters Available 11x14
Labels: Hazard Statement
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"Hazard statement" means a statement assigned to a hazard class that describes the nature of the
hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the hazard category (degree of hazard).
There are specific hazard statements that must appear on the label based on the chemical hazard
classification
Examples:
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Flammable liquid and vapor
Causes skin irritation
May cause cancer
Hazard Class
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Hazard Class
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The nature of the physical or health hazards
Examples: flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity
Hazard Category
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Hazard Category

1–2–3–4
 1 – Most Severe; 4 – Least Severe
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4
Degree of Hazard
Example:
Hazard Class: Flammable liquids
 Hazard Categories
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1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapor
2: Highly flammable liquid and vapor
3: Flammable liquid and vapor
4: Combustible liquid
3
2
1
Label: Precautionary Statements


"Precautionary statement" means a
phrase that describes recommended
measures that should be taken to
minimize or prevent adverse effects
resulting from exposure to a hazardous
chemical, or improper storage or handling.
Examples:
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Wear respiratory protection
Wash with soap and water
Store in a well ventilated place
Precautionary Statements
Additional Information

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Precautionary Statements are not necessarily
a mandate for employees to follow.
The employer is to evaluate the precautionary statements
to determine if these need to be followed by employees.

This decision may be based on several factors:
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How chemical used
Where it is used (ventilation concerns)
How much of the chemical is used (quantity)
Air sampling or testing results (permissible exposure limits)
How long the chemical is used (time)
Other considerations
Precautionary Statement
Employer Evaluation Example

A precautionary statement may state
“Wear respiratory protection”

Employees may not be required to wear a respirator based on the
employer’s evaluation of the factors previously listed (how, where,
how much, time)
Label: Supplemental /
Other Information (Discretionary)
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Other information that may be included on the label:
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Physical state
Color
Hazards not otherwise classified
Route of exposure
Storage and disposal
Hazard prevention and emergency response instructions
Current Label Example
New Label Example - DRAFT
Labels: Product In Use
in the Workplace

Workplace “In-Use” Labels

Must Be Consistent with the HCS 2012

Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof,
which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the
chemicals
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May Use Signal Word, Hazard Statement, Pictograms, Precautionary Statement from Original
Product Label
May use written materials (e.g., signs, placards, etc.) in lieu of affixing labels to
individual stationary process containers
Employer can use GHS compliant labels (same as shipping)
Labels: In-Use Containers

Secondary container labeling is the responsibility
of the person moving the product into any other
type of container, if:
The chemistry is stored
 The chemistry is left unattended
 The chemistry leaves the person’s direct
control
Label all chemical containers
that will not be emptied before your shift is over.

Labels: In-Use Containers
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What about chemistry contained
in places like buckets or scrubbers?
These places may need labels, too.
Cleaning equipment that accepts
and mixes chemistry internally
has a bottle that can be labeled.
 For other equipment, one solution is to use a packing list
envelope, and adhere the label to the equipment.
 Or, laminate the label, punch a corner and use a ring to hang.

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Mixed solution should be removed from equipment before leaving.
Training Goals


Understand the changes to the OSHA Hazard CommunicationStandard (Haz Com)
 What is GHS?
 Why was the GHS Developed?
 What are the Benefits of GHS?
 What are the Changes to Haz Comm Requirements with GHS?
 Who is Affected?
 When Do You Need To Be In Compliance?
Review the New 2012 Hazard Communication


New Labeling Requirements
Overview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format – 1

16 categories
Safety Data Sheets

Under the new Haz Com Standard, Material Safety Data Sheets
(MSDS) are now called Safety Data Sheets (SDS).

All SDSs will have a consistent 16-section format

Flexibility of format removed

Follows American National Standards Institute (ANSI) format

Classified for health and physical hazards based on GHS criteria
SDS
Safety
Data
Sheet
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
16 Part Format in a Specific Order
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Identification
Hazard(s) Identification
Composition/Ingredient Information
First-aid Measures
Fire-fighting Measures
Accidental Release Measures
Handling and Storage
Exposure Controls / Personal Protection
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Physical and Chemical Properties
Stability and Reactivity
Toxicological Information
Ecological Information*
Disposal Consideration*
Transport Information*
Regulatory Information*
Other information including date of
preparation of last revision
* Not Regulated by OSHA
SDS Format
1. Identification
Product Identifier
 Manufacturer or Distributor Name, Address, Phone Number
 Emergency Number
 Recommended Use
 Restrictions on Use

SDS Example
SDS Format
2. Hazard(s) Identification

Class/Category
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Signal Word
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Identifies the nature of the physical or health hazard, the severity of the
hazard
DANGER or WARNING
HNOC

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Hazards Not Otherwise Classified
An adverse physical or health effect identified through evaluation of scientific
evidence during the classification process that does not meet the specified
criteria for the physical and health hazard classes above.
SDS Example
SDS Format
3. Composition/Information on Ingredients

Chemical name, Common Name, CAS, Ingredient % or cut off limits
4. First-aid Measures
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Necessary measures, symptoms/effects
What to do if an accident occurs
5. Fire-Fighting Measures
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What to do if the product catches on fire or is in a fire
Suitable and unsuitable actions
Hazards from fire
SDS Example
SDS Format
6. Accidental Release Measures
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Precautions, PPE, Emergency Procedures
What to do in case the product spills
7. Handling and Storage
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Precautions for safe handling and storage, including any special handling or
incompatibilities
Where and what temperature to store the product
8. Exposure Control/Personal Protection
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PEL, TLV, NTP, IARC, Engineering Controls, PPE
What type of protective equipment to wear
SDS Example
SDS Format
9. Physical and Chemical Properties
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Appearance, odor threshold, pH, flash point, LEL/UEL, vapor pressure/density
What the product should normally look like
10. Stability and reactivity
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Possible hazardous reactions, incompatible materials
Potential physical hazards
11. Toxicological information

Routes of exposure, symptoms, acute/chronic
SDS Example
SDS Format
12. Ecological Information

What can happen if the product is exposed
to the environment
13. Disposal Consideration

How to properly get rid of any excess
product
SDS Example
SDS Format
14. Transport Information

Explains how to properly ship the product
Transport Information Continued
SDS Format
15. Regulatory Information
16. Other Information

Date of preparation/last revision
Important Deadlines

Train Employees on New 2012 HCS Labels and SDSs

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Update SDS & Labels
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Complete by December 1, 2013
Manufacturers by June 1, 2015
Distributors Sell Through Until December 1, 2015
Update Workplace Labels & Facility
Specific Written Program

Complete by June 1, 2016
Training Summary



Understand the changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication
Standard (Haz Com)
Review the New 2012 Hazard Communication
Overview of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) format – 16 categories.
Federal OSHA Resources
Haz Com Web Page: www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/index.html
Guide to GHS: www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html
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Regulatory
HCS/HazCom 2012 Final Rule
HCS Comparison: HazCom 1994 and 2012
http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/side-by-side.html

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FAQs
Guidance
OSHA Briefs
Fact Sheet
Federal OSHA Quick Cards

Quick Cards
 Labeling
 Safety
Data
Sheets
 Pictograms
Free to Download
In English & Spanish
Classroom Certificate
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for your attendance at this
seminar worth 5 credits.
After taking and passing
the seminar quiz,
you may qualify for 30
additional POZ
Cleaning Education Credits.
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