English - CSP

Report
Sandia is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company,
for the United States Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration
under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.
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A system for standardizing and
harmonizing the classification and
labeling of chemicals
Not a regulation or a standard.
• establishes agreed hazard classification and
communication provisions with explanatory
information on how to apply the system
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GHS Labels and Safety Data Sheets
(SDS)
http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html
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Symbols (hazard pictograms)
Signal words
• "Danger" for the more severe
hazards, and
• "Warning" for the less severe
hazards
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Hazard statement
Precautionary Statements
and Pictograms
• prevention, response in cases
of accidental spillage or
exposure, storage, and disposal
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Product Identifier (ingredient
disclosure)
Supplier identification
Supplemental information
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Symbols (Hazard Pictograms)
Product Identifier and ingredient disclosure
Signal Word ("Danger" for the more severe hazards, and
"Warning" for the less severe hazards)
Hazard Statement
Supplemental Information
Supplier Identification
Precautionary Statement (prevention, response in cases of accidental
spillage or exposure, storage, and disposal
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Corrosive
Irritant
Health Hazard
Acute Toxicity
Flammable
Explosion
Oxidizer
Compressed
Gas
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Serve the same function as an MSDS does in
ISO, EU and ANSI requirements
Most comprehensive source of information
• Hazards, including environmental hazards
• Advice and safety precautions
◦ Transportation, emergency responders, poison centers
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Product related and not specific to workplace
or task
• Written and supplied by manufacturer
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Only for pure substances and some mixtures
http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html
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16 Sections
1. Identification
2. Hazard(s) identification
3. Composition/information
on ingredients
4. First-aid measures
5. Fire-fighting measures
6. Accidental release
measures
7. Handling and Storage
8. Exposure controls/
personal protection
9. Physical and chemical
properties
10. Stability and reactivity
11. Toxicological information
12. Ecological information
13. Disposal considerations
14. Transport information
15. Regulatory information
16. Other information
Look at Sulfuric Acid SDS provided in Booklet, as we
describe some of the important sections
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GHS classification of the substance/mixture
and any national or regional information
GHS label elements, including precautionary
statements.
• Pictograms, black and white reproduction of the
symbols, or the name of the symbol, e.g., flame,
skull and crossbones.
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Other hazards which do not result in
classification (e.g., dust explosion hazard) or
those not covered by the GHS.
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Description of necessary measures,
subdivided according to the different routes
of exposure, i.e., inhalation, skin and eye
contact, and ingestion.
Most important symptoms/effects, acute and
delayed.
Indication of immediate medical attention and
special treatment needed, if necessary.
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Section 6: Handling and Storage
 Precautions for safe handling.
 Conditions for safe storage, including any
incompatibilities.
Section 7: Exposure controls/ personal protection
 Control parameters, e.g., occupational exposure
limit values or biological limit values.
 Appropriate engineering controls.
 Individual protection measures, such as personal
protective equipment (PPE).
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Reactivity
Chemical stability
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Conditions to avoid (e.g., static discharge,
shock or vibration)
Incompatible materials
Hazardous decomposition products
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Section 13: Disposal Considerations
 Description of waste residues and
information on their safe handling and
methods of disposal, including the disposal
of any contaminated packaging.
• May be region, country specific
Section 15: Regulatory Information
 Safety, health and environmental regulations
specific for the product in question.
• May be region, country specific
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‣ Drawbacks
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Not always current
Lack of toxicity information for most chemicals
Industry focus, not specific to laboratory scale
Sometimes inconsistent
‣ SDS contains comprehensive information for
chemical management in one place
‣ Keep SDS for each chemical in your inventory
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