Contribution 3

Report
Contribution 3
IPES’s role in Increasing
Biod S & D
Presented by Sheng Fulai, UNEP on
behalf of Renat Perelet, Institute for
System Analysis, Moscow
Content
• Who are the Biod providers
• Who are the Biod beneficiaries?
• IPES models/financing mechanisms
• IPES principles & requisites
• Other stuff
• Questions
2
Biod Beneficiaires
• Private: pharm, e-tourism, & for hunting,
fishing, getting NTFPs, urban residents,
intermediaries
• Public: a global fund by govt – general
• NGOs: multiple roles mainly intermediary
• Partnership: as in REDD (incl. carbon
investors) – specific
• WTP limited
3
Biod providers
• Sectors: Ag, forestry, NTFPs, fish, CO2
sequested in biomass, watershed
• Rural – the poor
• Local communities
• Private landowners
• Developing countries
• Governments
4
IPES models/financing mechanisms
• Governments’ biod conservation
programmes
• Debt-for-nature
• Global Mechanism (UNCCD):
Compensation for Ecological Services
– Carbon, biod, watershed, scenic beauty
• Table 3 on page 15
5
IPES Principles/requisites (WB)
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Continuous/open-ended pmts
Targeted pmts
Avoid perverse incentives
Access to info on value & volume of services
Able to negotiate
Property rights defined & asisgned
Monitoring & enforcement in place
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Other stuff
• Implications for the poor
• Cost and how to reduce it
• Governance and
• Pitfalls when doing
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institutions
Role of policymakers to
jumpstart (Gutman)
A list of lessons learned
(pp20-22)
Separataion of ecosystem
goods & services
Demand for part (as
opposed to) all of the
goods and services
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valuation (pp 40-41)
Watershed (Josh et al,
ECE)
Design of PES (WB): 4
steps (p.26)
CBD Addis Ababa
principles and guidelines
Defining IPES
List of ecosystem services
(pp. 38-39)
7
Questions
• What should be this chapter’s unique
contribution to the overall piece?
• How is the draft serving that purpose?
• What should be done – in terms of
structure, & elements to keep and drop?
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