Online Voting

Report
Online Voting
Presented By:
George Oham 127793
George Olajide 128611
Objectives of Online Voting




Origin of Online Voting System
Scope of Online voting System
- Benefits
- Feasibility Study
Overview Of Online Voting
Conclusion
Goals of this Topic
You should know how online
voting started
 Countries who mostly use this
system
 How it works

Introduction
Online Voting System is an online voting
technique. In this system people who have
citizenship of a country and whose age is
above 18 years of any sex can give his/her vote
online without going to any polling booth. There
is a database which is maintained by the
Electoral Commission in which all the names of
voter with complete information is stored.
Origin of Online Voting System
Electronic voting systems for electorates have
been in use since the 1960s. when punched
cards systems debuted. Their first widespread use
was in the USA where 7 counties switched to this
method for the 1964 presidential election. The
newer optical scan voting systems allow a computer
to count a voter's mark on a ballot. DRE voting
machines which collect and tabulate votes in a
single machine, are used by all voters in all elections.
There are also hybrid systems that include an
electronic ballot marking device (usually a touch
screen system similar to a DRE) or other assistive
technology to print a voter verified paper audit trail,
then use a separate machine for electronic
tabulation.
Background Research
A few countries where Online Voting has
taken place or is been practiced are :
Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Estonia,
The European Union, France, Germany,
India, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands,
Norway, Romania, Switzerland, The United
Kingdom, Venezuela, and the Philippines
Scope of Online Voting System
Technologies Used
Given that it is a web application, the following
technologies will be used:
- A PC (desktop/laptop)
- Good internet connection
- Database Design (MYSQL)
- For Coding (PHP)
- For Interface (HTML 4.0)
- Testing (WAMP Server)
- -Reporting Tool (Data Report)
This system maintains two (2) level of users which
are :
- Administrators: These people are in charge of
maintaining the system and organization of the
poll
- Users: These could be classified as the voters i.e.
those who participate in the elections.
Also the online voting system passes three (3) major
steps:
- Pre-voting(preparing admin, candidates & voters)
- Voting(the voting process itself)
- Post-voting(result counting and generating
reports)
Benefits of Online Voting
The following are the benefits of online
voting:
-
Fast and easy service.
The online voting system provides a less time consuming
poll
It reduces paper work and makes the work less tedious
for the electoral commission.
By this, voting percentage has increased drastically.
There is convenience in this system, since every eligible
person can cast his/her vote at his convenience and
comfort.
Disadvantages of Online Voting
-
The “Digital Divide": Internet voting skeptics point
out that poor and minority voters have less access
to computers and the Internet and so would be
less likely to benefit from online voting. Expanding
access for well-off voters could increase their
participation while doing nothing to improve
access for low-income voters who already have
little influence in the political process. This "digital
divide" has narrowed considerably since the 1990s,
however, and those without home Internet can
often get access in workplaces or public libraries.
Election Security: Online voting's technical
vulnerabilities could also undermine the integrity
and credibility of election systems. When
hackers can break into high-security websites or
cripple entire computer networks with Denial of
Service attacks, voters might not trust reported
results.
- A computer programming error could occur.
Feasibility Study
During feasibility analysis for this project, the following
primary areas of interest are to be considered:
-Technical Feasibility: This evaluation determines whether
the technology needed for the proposed system is
available or not.
-Economical Feasibility: Economic justification includes a
broad range of concerns that includes cost benefit
analysis. In this we weight the cost and the benefits
associated with the candidate system and if it suits the
basic purpose of the organization i.e. profit making.
- Political Feasibility: The political willingness of leaders to
build and automate the voting process creates an
opportunity for both easy election and business growth.
Overview
SWOT Analysis Summary
SWOT
Strength
Weakness
Opportunities
Threats
Political
Aspect
-Public Policy
Conservation in
trying e-services
Political Willingness
Cyber
Crimes
(hackers)
Economic
Aspect
Improve social
and physical
infrastructure
Infrastructure
cost/software cost
IT proficient people
can have
employment
opportunity
Infrastructur
e
cost/softwa
re cost.
Social Aspect
Eliminates
technology
illiteracy
Some workers and
those from the older
generation are
computer illiterate
IT Education
The rapid
developme
nt of
mobile
technology
competitio
n.
Technology
Aspect
Economy
Innovation
Over capacity of
the internet
highway due to
heavy traffic on the
network
Broadband
facilitates faster
connection
Dependen
cy on I.T
may cause
small
technical
problems.
Conclusion
Summary
This Online Voting system will manage the
Voter’s information by which voter can
login and use his voting rights. The system
will incorporate all features of Voting
system. Its provide the tools for maintaining
voter’s vote to every party and it count
total number of votes of every party. There
is a DATABASE which is maintained by the
electoral commission in which all the names
of voter with complete information is stored.
References
 http://onlinevoting101.blogspot.com/2012
/03/advantages-and-disadvantages-ofonline.html
 http://www.perkel.com/politics/ivote.htm
 http://www.electionsonline.us/advantage
s-of-voting-online.htm
 www.google.co.uk
THANKS FOR YOUR
ATTENTION 
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