Shipping,Trade Trends and their Impact on port

Report
SHIPPING,TRADE TRENDS AND THEIR
IMPACTS ON PORT INFRASTRUCTURE
Partnering with the Media to Promote
understanding of the Port Dynamics and
Transport logistics along the Northern corridor
Presented by
Antony Murithi
Corporate Development, KPA
20th November 2012
Mombasa Continental Resort and SPA
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Introduction
Drivers of Global Trade
Trade Pattern
Evolution of Shipping
KPA Port Performance
Impact on Port Developments
Conclusion
 Structural changes in international trade
and the evolution of maritime transport
have a direct impact on port growth and
expansion
World Seaborne Trade
 Maritime accounts for 80% of the global
 World Seaborne Trade by Cargo Type and
Country Group (2010) trade
Goods Loaded (Exports)
Port Group
Liquid
Cargo
Dry
Cargo
Sub-Total
Goods Unloaded (Imports)
Liquid
Cargo
Dry
Cargo
SubTotal
Grand-Total
Millions of Tons
World
2,752.4
5,655.9
8,408.3
2,908.2
5,469.6
8,377.8
16,786.10
Africa
425.1
308.2
733.3
81.3
318.0
399.3
1,132.60
Kenya
0.2
2.4
2.6
6.6
9.6
16.2
18.78
Percentage Share
World
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Africa
15.44%
5.45%
8.72%
2.80%
5.81%
4.77%
6.75%
Kenya
0.01%
0.04%
0.03%
0.23%
0.18%
0.19%
0.11%
Key Drivers of Global Trade
Globalization
Containerization
Regional integration
Transport and communication
De-regulation and liberalization of trade and
FDIs
 Rapid growth of emerging and developing
countries (commodity boom)
 Peace and Security
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East-West Shipping Routes
 Off the Main East West Liner Trade Routes
 Since
the 1960s and 1970s vessel capacity
grew, individually and collectively
 Only ten years ago, the largest Panamax
vessels carried 4,400 TEU
Evolution of Container Trade
 Today, the threshold of post Panamax
mega carriers of 15,000 TEU and soon to
be surpassed when Triple E – expected to
raise the threshold to 18,000 TEU
(expected in the market by 2013)
Evolution of Shipping
The Growing Scale of Ships
Year
Ship Class
Capacity (TEU) Length(m) Width(m) Water Dept.(m)
1968
Feeder
750
180
25
9.0
1972
Handy
1500
225
29
11.5
1980
Sup-Panamax
3000
275
32
12.5
1987
4500
275
39
13.5
1997
Panamax
Panamax/PostPanamax
5500
325
41
14.1
1999
Post Panamax
8000
345
43
14.5
2007
Post Panamax
11000
360
43
16.0
Post Panamax
15000
430
58
16.0
Malacca-Max
18000
470
60
21.0
2010+
2010+
+
Evolution of shipping
In service Today
No. of
Size range
ships TEU,1000s
Ordered ( 20092013)
No. of
ships TEU,1000s
Orders
% of Fleet
(TEU)
000 - 499
384
124,184
12
1,920
1.50
500 - 999
823
609,878
93
78,855
12.90
1000 - 1999
1,261
1,779,576
209
311,763
17.50
2000 - 2999
725
1,838,647
118
304,266
16.50
3000 - 3999
332
1,141,898
74
253,997
22.20
4000 - 4999
451 19,768,498
242 1,059,249
53.50
5000 - 5999
286
1,574,918
39
206,734
13.10
6000 - 6999
172
1,118,694
72
469,654
42.0
7000 - 7999
29
213,091
27
196,740
92.30
0ver 8000
198
1,756,513
295 3,217,598
183.20%
Evolution of shipping
 In 2008, a global container fleet of 4,661
vessels held a capacity of 12.1 million TEU
 Designs for vessels as 18,000 TEU are
expected in the market by 2013
 In 2020, vessels of up to 20,000+ TEU are
expected
 This will in turn drive the radical reduction of
port calls on major route and push for
development of global mega ports served by
fully integrated global networks
Evolution of shipping
 As a result of dredging the Port of Mombasa
received the highest number of “first-calls”,
with MSC TIA being the largest with 261m
length overall (LOA) and carrying capacity of
about 4000 TEU
Impact on Port Infrastructures
 Modern handling equipment- size of STS
gantry cranes depends on ships size
 Higher Drafts- puts pressure to carry out
expensive dredging works (channel, berth)
 Improved cargo handling capacity: yard, new
berths
 Intermodal facilities: rail and road
 IT infrastructures: cargo operation systems,
traffic management in the port, billing, gate
operations etc. and their integration
 Improve port planning and operations
Measures taken by KPA
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24/7 Operations
Development of CFS
Dredging of Mombasa Port
Procuring Additional Equipment
Construction of Berth 19
Integrated Security System
Second Container Terminal
Development of Crude Oil Handling Facility
Development of Dongo Kundu Free Port
LAPSSET
Conclusion
The port has increasingly been receiving
larger vessels, which includes Panamax
vessels
The port has experienced one of the
highest growth rates in traffic
Various investments and other measures
have been undertaken to serve the growing
traffic
There is need for concerted effort by all
stakeholders to facilitate cargo clearance
and cargo fluidity
THANK YOU

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