Middle Kingdom - Harrisburg Academy

Report
By: Madison Halcovage
Laicie Ray
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Mentuhotep – the ruler of the city of Tebes in the
Upper Egypt
Senwosnet – the greatest pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty
Crenellated – to furnish crenels or battlements
Prosperity – a successful flourishing ,or thriving
condition especially in financial respects, good
fortune
Calamities – a great misfortune or disaster
Hyksos – what Egyptians had called the nomads from
Palestine.
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Mentuhotep was the ruler of the city of Thebes in
the Upper Egypt who had successfully leaded his
army up and down the Nile against the nomarchs
and won control of the entire nation.
Thebes replaced Memphis as the capital city.
The return of prosperity Egypt’s middle class of
traders, scribes and craftsmen had rapidly
expanded.
The middle class of this period developed a taste
for luxury items that were formerly available to
just the pharaohs and the nobility.
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The pyramids of the Middle Kingdom were
built of mud bricks. They are not made of
stone. They were shoddy and vastly inferior
to the majestic monuments of the Old
Kingdom.
The greatest pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty was
Senwosnet.
All the gold in the Nubian mines became a
part of Egypt’s national wealth.
Pyramids of
Giza
Senwosnet
Get away I
would like
to live
please
Hieroglyphs
Egypt
Shorthand
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What are Hyksos?
What Egyptians called the nomads from
Palestine.
What did the anarchy of the Dark Ages make
clear to the rulers of the Middle Kingdom?
They made it clear that Egypt needed a very
strong central government.
Why did Egypt conquer Nubia?
Egypt conquered Nubia because during
Senwosnet’s reign he had ordered a channel that
was 250 feet long and 34 feet wide cut through
the granite rocks beside the rapids of the First
Cataract. This bypass allowed his war galleys to
sail directly in to Nubia which was conquered
and was made part of Egypt’s territory.
Thank you for watching
By: Madison Halcovage
Laicie Ray

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