XVII SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL FORUM CONSTRUCTIVE TRADITIONS IN THE ERONGO REGION Architects: Paula Arango Enríquez and Nurys Videaux Abelardo. IPF-MICONS INTRODUCTION What happened with the constructive Traditions of ethnic groups that currently inhabit in Erongo Region? General Objective: • Revalue the Constructive Traditions of different ethnic groups that currently inhabit in Erongo Region. Specific Objectives: • Characterize Culture, idiosyncrasy, tastes, customs, livelihoods and especially the architecture of the different ethnic groups. • Highlight Construction techniques used in the preservative of the characteristics of the place where they settled and get it in modern reinterpretation according to ethnological heritage. • Emphasize the consequences that produce the importing a culture to region and benefit of this • Warn the importance of the selection and evaluation of construction materials in the coastal area of the Erongo Region. Justification. We need to recognize ethnic groups in the city were identified with their culture and establish the link between humans and their history through architecture. The beneficiaries of this research will be the different ethnic groups living in the region and especially the World Cultural Heritage to be enriched, if implemented in the architecture concepts. Viability. We believe it is feasible and of great importance in the conceptualization of these criteria and tools for architects and administrative staff responsible. Methods Used: • Observation of the city and its surroundings. • Documentary Bibliographical Method. • Interview people of different ethnicities in the Erongo region. NAMIBIA Population: 2.055.080 inhabiting Capital: Windhoek Nationality and ethnics: Namibia counts with 13 ethnic different groups. The bigger group is those of the ovambos. Other groups are the hereros , himbas, san or nam , baster , german, afrikaners , between other. CULTURA Although a great part of the Namibia cultural patrimony takes root in your fauna, in your virgin landscapes and in the unquenchable wealth of your nature. Namibia has thirteen regions, Erongo is one of them and this located in the west of the country. DAMARAS HEREROS OVAMBOS AUCTION CONSEQUENCES THAT HAVE BROUGHT THE CROSSCULTURAL FOR THE ERONGO REGION SPECIFICALLY FOR SWAKOPMUND • The ethnics they settled the place lost your social identity ( disappeared your institutes ). • It is imposed you the development of an unknown world (years-culture). • Plundering of the natural resources (ivory, diamond etc). • The colonialists imposed your power without scruple ). • The obtained culture is a mixture of the originals by giving a novel sample ( brought of the Herero dress the Afrikaner language, use of the local materials in modern architecture , etc). COASTAL TOWNS IN ERONGO REGION. • Swakopmund • Henties Bay • Walvis Bay It have seeing that the native it used in your majority the local available materials predominant those of vegetable origin of the desert area and dry as the fiber, stick, guano ), by achieving a diversity of spectacular geometric form and such a adaptation they achieved in many cases to mix up with it natural. (see example of the Damara traditional houses that it are like blunder, the roofs of the Ovambos). In this Region as explain previously it has limit natural well defined physical: The desert and the Atlantic Ocean. The constructive technical in the settlings of coast have differed of the remainder due to the influence of the marine climate ( example of it is the cities : Swakopmund, Walvis Bay y Henties Bay. Here the coverings of the steel are bigger. Is vital and necessary the dam proof membrane (dpc), which avoids that the water ascends for capillarity. The mixture for the coatings of walls (plaster) is more consistent and in the majority of the cases it uses tiles of stoneware that it is more durable. The carpenter’s must be of materials that do not oxidize with facility. In any way whatever of supposition all of these technical specification raise the cost of the construction in these coastal areas. SWAKOPMUND SWAKOPMUND HENTIES BAY WALVIS BAY CONCLUSIONS 1-Different ethnic groups have a rich cultural heritage It should be the architecture as one way of perpetuating them. Interpreting the style of the ancients with the use of new materials and Intensifying the study for the use of the local materials, are the suitable for the different geographical areas. In the architectural design it takes as relating the vernacular architecture on time of new proposals. Creating multifunctional centers where the different ethnics have your space, your tradition, your history. The new constructions need a space to interchange with the halfback, terraces etcetera, it has the in account. The cities lack of spreading areas. To analyze on time to make the budget the value of the materials used in the coastal areas, is different to those of other area in the region. It is necessary the contracting of professionals in the construction of agricultural works, saves to him resources. Recommendations. We recommend that the administrative entities involved in takes decisions of the Region keeps in mind this analysis. BIBLIOGRAPHY Wikipedia: Namibia, Swakopmund, Walvis Bay and Henties Bay. Elections 2010, Erongo Regional Profile (16th November 2010 ). Local authorities, Association of local authorities in Namibia CALAN. (1th October 2012). Namibian Newspaper, Civic conscience and UDF, Hartmann Adams (22th May 2008). Die Brand Wag, interviews (29th April 1990). Wikipedia: Namibia traditional houses, Damaras Traditional Houses and Ovambo Traditional Houses. Alternate African world, tribes and ethnics, ( 31th October 2009 ).