8. Measuring Buildings v1.2

Report
The Survey
Surveying Equipment
Measuring
Calculations
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Surveying Equipment
It is important you are able to access every (available) part of the property
to conduct a precise, thorough and safe survey. For this you will/may need.
• Dust mask
• Ladders
• Meter box key
• Laser Measure
• Extendable mirror
• Digital camera
• Site notes
• Compass
• Clipboard
• 30m Tape Measure
• Binoculars
• Short metal tape
measure
• Shoe covers
• First aid kit
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
• Torch
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Surveying Methodology
External inspection
•
•
•
•
•
Walk round the outside of the property first, if possible.
Note construction type
Clues to property age
Look out for and note location & types of vent, flues and AC Units etc
Externally measure property for area & heat loss wall calculations
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Surveying Methodology
Inside the property
•
Choose a start point (downstairs, upstairs, loft)
•
Work Clockwise or Anticlockwise round the property
•
Make notes of number of rooms
•
Ceiling heights on each floor
•
Walls construction
•
Lighting
•
Heating System
•
Hot Water Systems
•
It is generally a good idea to follow the order of elements on the site notes
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Measuring
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
5
Room Heights
• Simply measure floor to ceiling.
• Average for variations across a floor
• Always measure room heights internally
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
External Measurements
Externally there is no furniture to measure round, or internal
walls in the way
• A simple building with suitable access, can require as few
as 2 external measurements
• External measurements aren’t always appropriate:
– Bad weather
– Restricted access
– Top floor flat
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Internal Measurements
•
•
•
•
Should be used for flats
Suitable for laser measuring devices
Must allow for internal partitions
Sometimes more appropriate for complex properties
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Property Measurement test
Study the following property details
Calculate floor areas and heat loss perimeter
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
The house, a typical mid terrace property
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Floor plans
Ground floor
First floor
Calculate the floor area and heat loss
perimeter
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Area Measurements
Ground Floor
Total Floor Area
First Floor
Total Floor Area
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
5.7m x 7.51m = 42.81
= 42.81m2
5.7m x 7.51m = 42.81
= 42.81m2
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Heat Loss Walls
Ground Floor 5.7m + 5.7m = 11.40m
First Floor
5.7m + 5.7m = 11.40m
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
More Complex Property Measurement
Looking at the following plans, decide the
best/easiest way to measure the property to
calculate areas and perimeters.
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Measuring a Property
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
External Measurements
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Internal Measurements
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Porch and Bay Window
Bay windows
2.0
2
1.0
Ceiling height
2.6m
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Porch and Bay Window
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
First Floor Area
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Bay window area
5.3
2.02
1.0
• Bay window area for canted bay = Wp (width partial) x D
• 2.02 x 1.0 = 2.02m2
• This figure should be added to the total floor area for the
ground floor
There is a full list of the calculations for all 6 bay types in your pack
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Total Ground Floor area
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Heat Loss Perimeter – Bay Window
5.3
2.02
1.0
Heat loss perimeter:
This is calculated as the extra HLP for the bay window. The HLP for the
wall is measured as normal, the additional HLP of the bay is added to this
figure. Please refer to the bay window calculation sheet for guidance.
HLP = total wall length + extra perimeter (0.8 x D)
HLP = 5.3 + (0.8 x 1)
HLP = 6.1m
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Heat Loss Perimeter
2.0
1.0
1.0
2.02
11.5
Perimeter of front wall:
11.5 + extra perimeter for porch + extra perimeter for
bay window
11.5 + (2.0 x 1) + (0.8 x 1)
= 14.3m
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Total Ground Floor HLP
Front wall
Left wall
Rear wall
Right wall
= 14.30
= 8.00
= 14.30
= 10.00
Total HLP
= 46.6m
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Total First Floor HLP
First floor perimeter =
8 + 6.2 + 2.0 + 5.3 + 10 +11.5 = 43m
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Integral Garage
8
• An integral garage should not be
included in the floor area
• The walls adjacent to the integral
garage are classed as heat loss
walls
• What is the Area and HLP for this
floor?
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
Main
House
3
8
4
Integral
Garage
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Area &HLP – Integral Garage
8
Area
= (8 x 8)-(4 x 3)
= 52m
Main
House
3
8
4
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
Integral
Garage
HLP = 8 + 8 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 3
= 32m Or
=8x4
= 32m
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Heat Loss Perimeter - Conservatory
5
Conservatory
3
Main House
7
• Calculating the HLP for a property with a
conservatory
– Non-separated – adjoining wall is not included in HLP
– Separated – adjoining wall is included in HLP
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Habitable Rooms
• A habitable room is a room which is lived in they include:
–
–
–
–
–
Lounge
Dining room
Bedroom
Study
Kitchen diner
• They do not include:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Bathroom
Kitchen
En-suite
Hallway
Stairs
Utility room
Store rooms
Garage
Any room without a window
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Habitable Rooms
• For a kitchen to be classed as a kitchen diner there must be space for a
table and 4 chairs
• Where a door between two habitable rooms has been temporarily
removed they are still classed as two habitable rooms
• Where a door has been permanently removed, i.e the hinge holes filled in,
they are one habitable room
• A non-separated conservatory is classed as a habitable room if there is an
internal quality door between the conservatory and the dwelling
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2
Any questions?
Stroma – Measuring Buildings
© Stroma Development Ltd 2013 | Version 1.2

similar documents