New England Notes

Report
New England
Colonies
PowerPoint Presentation
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Massachusetts Bay
Rhode Island
Roger Williams
Puritans
Colonizing North America Unit
New England Colonies - PowerPoint Presentation # 4
VOCABULARY
Puritans –
Great Migration –
Thomas Hooker –
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut –
Roger Williams –
Toleration –
How are the
governments of
Massachusetts Bay,
Connecticut and Rhode
Island different from
one another?
And the story
continues . . . . .
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Europeans arrived in “the New World” thus
beginning the Columbian Exchange of ideas across
the globe!
The Dutch and French set up trading forts in North
America. Their “gold” is fur!
The first successful English colony, Jamestown is
established in Virginia. They begin growing tobacco.
Separatists (Pilgrims) arrive in Plymouth,
Massachusetts and establish the second English
colony.
In Class Note-Taking
Colony Name/
Founder
Reason for
being
Founded
Government
And/or
Religious Beliefs
Main
Resources
Major Ports
and Cities
Other Important
Information
Massachusetts
Bay
Colony
Listen carefully throughout the PowerPoint
discussion and correctly place the information into
the Graphic Organizer about Massachusetts Bay
Colony.
Puritans in Massachusetts
John Winthrop and his followers were part of a
religious group known as the Puritans.
 Puritans = did NOT want to separate from the
Church of England, but hoped to reform the
church by introducing simpler forms of
worship.
 They wanted to do away with the many
practices inherited from the Roman Catholic
Church, such as organ music, finely decorated
churches, and special clothing for priests.
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PURITANS
=
“pure”
Plain looking
=
Closer to God
SEPARATISTS
(PILGRIMS)
PURITANS
Wanted to “separate” from the
Church of England and leave it
entirely!
Wanted to make changes to
the Church of England, but
NOT leave it entirely!
Plain clothes, no frills, no bold colors
This is NOT a Puritan!
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The Puritans were a
powerful group in England.
Many were well-educated
and successful merchants
or landowners.
Some sat on the House of
Commons (England’s
government)!
Hey! Wait a Minute!
If the Puritans had it so great in
England why did they leave?
Charles I, who became king
in 1625, disapproved of the
Puritans and their ideas.
King Charles I
He canceled Puritan business
charters and had Puritans
expelled from universities.
He even had a few Puritans
jailed.
Two Puritan
men jailed
in the town
square.
England
1600’s
Young Woman
Reading the
Bible in a
Puritan Jail,
New England,
1600s.
Evil and Declining Times”
“
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In 1629, some Puritan leaders were convinced
that England had fallen on “evil and declining
times.” They wanted to leave the church of
England and form their own church.
They persuaded royal officials to grant them a
charter to form the Massachusetts Bay
Company.
The company’s bold plan was to build a new
society in New England.
They vowed to base their new society on biblical
laws and teachings.
Far from the watchful eye of the king, Puritans
would run their colony as they pleased.
Others Join In!
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Some settlers joined the Massachusetts
colonists for economic rather than
religious reasons.
In wealthy families, the oldest son usually
inherited his father’s estate.
With little hope of owning land, younger
sons found opportunities elsewhere.
They were attracted to Massachusetts Bay
because it offered cheap land or a chance
to start a business.
This is JOE! He is the third
oldest son in his family.
His big brother TOM inherited
all the land from his father so
JOE has nothing!
What can JOE do to help his
situation?
JOE can go to the
Americas and live in an
English colony! The land
is cheap! So he can have
what his brother
inherited! LAND!
LAND =
WEALTH
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In 1629, the Puritans sent a small advance
party to North America.
John Winthrop was chosen first governor
of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (that
was the name they chose to give it.)
Winthrop and his larger party arrived the
following year.
Winthrop set an example for others.
Although he was governor, he worked
hard to build a home, clear land, and plant
crops.
France owns
this land.
Remember the
Coureurs de
bois?
“He so
encouraged us
that there was
not an idle
(lazy) person
to be found in
the whole
colony.”
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Only men who had invested money
in the Massachusetts Bay Company
had the right to vote.
Most settlers did not invest money
and could not vote. They didn’t like
taxes and laws being passed where
they didn’t have a say.
Winthrop saw this as a problem and
decided to allow all church-going
men to vote. This kept nonPuritan men out of government.
John Winthrop
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Under the firm leadership of Winthrop and other
Puritans, the Massachusetts Bay Colony grew and
prospered.
Between 1629-1640, some 15,000 men, women and
children made the journey from England to
Massachusetts.
This movement of people is known as the Great
Migration.
Major Ports and Cities: Many of the newcomers
settled in Boston, which grew into the colony’s largest
town. Others settled in Salem and Plymouth.
Main Resources: Iron, Rum and Cattle
Colony Name/
Founder
Massachusetts
Bay
Colony
John
Winthrop
Reason for
being
Founded
Puritans were
being
persecuted in
England by
Charles I and
wanted to
worship freely.
Government
And/or
Religious Beliefs
Wanted to
reform the
Church of
England by
having simpler
ways of
worship. To
build a new
society based on
biblical laws
and teachings.
Main
Resources
Iron
Rum
Cattle
Major Ports
and Cities
Other Important
Information
Boston
Salem
Plymouth
Puritan
Lets stop here for a moment and make sure
you have all the important information
written down in the correct places.
In Class Note-Taking
Colony Name/
Founder
Reason for
being
Founded
Government
And/or
Religious Beliefs
Main
Resources
Major Ports
and Cities
Other Important
Information
Rhode Island
Colony
Listen carefully throughout the PowerPoint
discussion and correctly place the information into
the Graphic Organizer about Rhode Island colony.
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Another Puritan who
challenged the leaders of
Massachusetts Bay was
Roger Williams.
A young minister in the
village of Salem, Williams
was gentle and goodnatured.
Most people, including
Governor Winthrop, liked
him.
Williams' ideas, however,
alarmed Puritan leaders.
Roger Williams
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Williams believed that the Puritan church had
too much power in Massachusetts.
In Williams’ view, the business of church and
government should be completely
separate.
“The role of the government,” said Williams,
“is to maintain order and peace.”
Williams believed government should NOT
support any church.
Who has the right to
John Winthrop
Massachusetts Bay
Only Puritan
men who go
to church
Thomas Hooker
Connecticut Colony
Roger Williams
Rhode Island Colony
All white men
All land
owning men
Williams is kicked out of
Massachusetts!
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Williams believed in religious toleration.
Tolerant = willingness to let others
practice their own beliefs.
The Puritans in Massachusetts were not
permitted to worship freely.
Puritan leaders viewed Williams as a dangerous
troublemaker.
In 1635, the General Court ordered him to
leave Massachusetts.
Williams buys land!
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Fearing that the court would send him back to
England, Williams fled to Narragansett Bay,
where he spent the winter with Indians.
In the Spring, the
Indians sold him land
for a settlement.
After a few years, it
became the English
colony of Rhode
Island.
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In Rhode Island, Williams put into practice his ideas
about toleration. He allowed complete freedom of
religion for all Protestants, Jews, and Catholics.
He did not set up a church run state or require settlers
to attend church services.
He also gave all white men the right to vote.
Before long, settlers who disliked the strict Puritan rule
of Massachusetts flocked to Providence and other
towns in Rhode Island.
Its major city becomes Newport, and its main
resources are Rum and Iron.
Colony Name/
Founder
Reason for
being
Founded
Rhode Island Williams is
Roger
Williams
kicked out of
Massachusetts
Bay Colony,
wanted a govt.
with religious
tolerance and
separation of
church and
government.
Government
Main
And/or
Religious Beliefs
Religious
tolerance
Separation of
church and
government
All religions
Resources
Rum
Iron
Major Ports
and Cities
Newport
Other Important
Information
All religions were
allowed in Rhode
Island.
January 1, 1802 letter by Thomas Jefferson, addressed to the Danbury Baptist
Association in Connecticut, and published in a Massachusetts newspaper.
“I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people
which declared that their legislature should 'make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,' thus building a
wall of separation between Church and State."
How are the
governments of
Massachusetts Bay,
Connecticut and Rhode
Island different from
one another?

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