New England Colonies PowerPoint Presentation Massachusetts Bay Rhode Island Roger Williams Puritans Colonizing North America Unit New England Colonies - PowerPoint Presentation # 4 VOCABULARY Puritans – Great Migration – Thomas Hooker – Fundamental Orders of Connecticut – Roger Williams – Toleration – How are the governments of Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut and Rhode Island different from one another? And the story continues . . . . . Europeans arrived in “the New World” thus beginning the Columbian Exchange of ideas across the globe! The Dutch and French set up trading forts in North America. Their “gold” is fur! The first successful English colony, Jamestown is established in Virginia. They begin growing tobacco. Separatists (Pilgrims) arrive in Plymouth, Massachusetts and establish the second English colony. In Class Note-Taking Colony Name/ Founder Reason for being Founded Government And/or Religious Beliefs Main Resources Major Ports and Cities Other Important Information Massachusetts Bay Colony Listen carefully throughout the PowerPoint discussion and correctly place the information into the Graphic Organizer about Massachusetts Bay Colony. Puritans in Massachusetts John Winthrop and his followers were part of a religious group known as the Puritans. Puritans = did NOT want to separate from the Church of England, but hoped to reform the church by introducing simpler forms of worship. They wanted to do away with the many practices inherited from the Roman Catholic Church, such as organ music, finely decorated churches, and special clothing for priests. PURITANS = “pure” Plain looking = Closer to God SEPARATISTS (PILGRIMS) PURITANS Wanted to “separate” from the Church of England and leave it entirely! Wanted to make changes to the Church of England, but NOT leave it entirely! Plain clothes, no frills, no bold colors This is NOT a Puritan! The Puritans were a powerful group in England. Many were well-educated and successful merchants or landowners. Some sat on the House of Commons (England’s government)! Hey! Wait a Minute! If the Puritans had it so great in England why did they leave? Charles I, who became king in 1625, disapproved of the Puritans and their ideas. King Charles I He canceled Puritan business charters and had Puritans expelled from universities. He even had a few Puritans jailed. Two Puritan men jailed in the town square. England 1600’s Young Woman Reading the Bible in a Puritan Jail, New England, 1600s. Evil and Declining Times” “ In 1629, some Puritan leaders were convinced that England had fallen on “evil and declining times.” They wanted to leave the church of England and form their own church. They persuaded royal officials to grant them a charter to form the Massachusetts Bay Company. The company’s bold plan was to build a new society in New England. They vowed to base their new society on biblical laws and teachings. Far from the watchful eye of the king, Puritans would run their colony as they pleased. Others Join In! Some settlers joined the Massachusetts colonists for economic rather than religious reasons. In wealthy families, the oldest son usually inherited his father’s estate. With little hope of owning land, younger sons found opportunities elsewhere. They were attracted to Massachusetts Bay because it offered cheap land or a chance to start a business. This is JOE! He is the third oldest son in his family. His big brother TOM inherited all the land from his father so JOE has nothing! What can JOE do to help his situation? JOE can go to the Americas and live in an English colony! The land is cheap! So he can have what his brother inherited! LAND! LAND = WEALTH In 1629, the Puritans sent a small advance party to North America. John Winthrop was chosen first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (that was the name they chose to give it.) Winthrop and his larger party arrived the following year. Winthrop set an example for others. Although he was governor, he worked hard to build a home, clear land, and plant crops. France owns this land. Remember the Coureurs de bois? “He so encouraged us that there was not an idle (lazy) person to be found in the whole colony.” Only men who had invested money in the Massachusetts Bay Company had the right to vote. Most settlers did not invest money and could not vote. They didn’t like taxes and laws being passed where they didn’t have a say. Winthrop saw this as a problem and decided to allow all church-going men to vote. This kept nonPuritan men out of government. John Winthrop Under the firm leadership of Winthrop and other Puritans, the Massachusetts Bay Colony grew and prospered. Between 1629-1640, some 15,000 men, women and children made the journey from England to Massachusetts. This movement of people is known as the Great Migration. Major Ports and Cities: Many of the newcomers settled in Boston, which grew into the colony’s largest town. Others settled in Salem and Plymouth. Main Resources: Iron, Rum and Cattle Colony Name/ Founder Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop Reason for being Founded Puritans were being persecuted in England by Charles I and wanted to worship freely. Government And/or Religious Beliefs Wanted to reform the Church of England by having simpler ways of worship. To build a new society based on biblical laws and teachings. Main Resources Iron Rum Cattle Major Ports and Cities Other Important Information Boston Salem Plymouth Puritan Lets stop here for a moment and make sure you have all the important information written down in the correct places. In Class Note-Taking Colony Name/ Founder Reason for being Founded Government And/or Religious Beliefs Main Resources Major Ports and Cities Other Important Information Rhode Island Colony Listen carefully throughout the PowerPoint discussion and correctly place the information into the Graphic Organizer about Rhode Island colony. Another Puritan who challenged the leaders of Massachusetts Bay was Roger Williams. A young minister in the village of Salem, Williams was gentle and goodnatured. Most people, including Governor Winthrop, liked him. Williams' ideas, however, alarmed Puritan leaders. Roger Williams Williams believed that the Puritan church had too much power in Massachusetts. In Williams’ view, the business of church and government should be completely separate. “The role of the government,” said Williams, “is to maintain order and peace.” Williams believed government should NOT support any church. Who has the right to John Winthrop Massachusetts Bay Only Puritan men who go to church Thomas Hooker Connecticut Colony Roger Williams Rhode Island Colony All white men All land owning men Williams is kicked out of Massachusetts! Williams believed in religious toleration. Tolerant = willingness to let others practice their own beliefs. The Puritans in Massachusetts were not permitted to worship freely. Puritan leaders viewed Williams as a dangerous troublemaker. In 1635, the General Court ordered him to leave Massachusetts. Williams buys land! Fearing that the court would send him back to England, Williams fled to Narragansett Bay, where he spent the winter with Indians. In the Spring, the Indians sold him land for a settlement. After a few years, it became the English colony of Rhode Island. In Rhode Island, Williams put into practice his ideas about toleration. He allowed complete freedom of religion for all Protestants, Jews, and Catholics. He did not set up a church run state or require settlers to attend church services. He also gave all white men the right to vote. Before long, settlers who disliked the strict Puritan rule of Massachusetts flocked to Providence and other towns in Rhode Island. Its major city becomes Newport, and its main resources are Rum and Iron. Colony Name/ Founder Reason for being Founded Rhode Island Williams is Roger Williams kicked out of Massachusetts Bay Colony, wanted a govt. with religious tolerance and separation of church and government. Government Main And/or Religious Beliefs Religious tolerance Separation of church and government All religions Resources Rum Iron Major Ports and Cities Newport Other Important Information All religions were allowed in Rhode Island. January 1, 1802 letter by Thomas Jefferson, addressed to the Danbury Baptist Association in Connecticut, and published in a Massachusetts newspaper. “I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should 'make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,' thus building a wall of separation between Church and State." How are the governments of Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut and Rhode Island different from one another?