What is personality? 1. 2. 3. Types of Personalities ____external environment ____temperament ____interpretation of experience ____conscious awareness ____childhood experiences ____rewards and punishments ____abilities ____organizations of reality Psychoanalytical Cognitive Neurobiological ____ the self ____ unconscious motives ____ observable behavior ____ enduring characteristics ____ expectations ____ subjective feelings ____ sexual instincts Behavioral Sociocultural Humanistic TYPES OF TESTS: Psychoanalytic Perspective 1. Oral 2. Anal 3. Phallic 4. Latent 5. Genital fixations Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development Defense Mechanisms 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Neo-Freudians IDENTIFYING DEFENSE MECHANISMS Label each statement with the correct defense mechanism from the list: A. Repression B. Denial C. Reaction Formation D. Rationalization E. Displacement F. Sublimation G. Projection ____1. Sarah is heavily involved with an anti-pornography campaign & fights her own erotic interest in it. She hopes her campaign will convince others of her purity. ____2. A young woman who was assaulted & raped a number of years ago in a terrifying attack has forgotten the incident. ____3. Your boss yelled at you, you yelled at your co-worker, your co-worker yelled at his wife , his wife spanked the kid & the kid kicked the dog. ____4.”Stop asking me ! I don’t want any ice cream. I think YOU want more ice cream!” ____5. Eduardo reads an article about skin cancer. He goes home & examines the marks on his leg. He then comments to his friend on the tendency for his family to have very dark moles with irregular borders. ___6. Joshua had a bad semester & was put on academic probation. Instead of returning to college, he quite to “pursue something worthwhile.” ___7. Mia is usually an angry, hostile person. But since she’s been playing on the volleyball team her mood has improved. ___8. You got fired & couldn’t make your car insurance payments, so you’re riding your bike. You tell friends, “I really prefer to ride my bike. I need the exercise.” ___9. A young woman who finds herself attracted to other women proclaims that she hates lesbians & joins a vicious anti-gay group. ___10. The parents of Jim say that “everyone goes through a drinking stage; it’s not a problem” even though Jim just received his third DUI. ___11. Soldiers exposed to traumatic experiences in concentration camps sometimes had amnesia & were unable to recall any of their ordeal. ___12. A priest converts his sexual energy into running a busy soup kitchen to feed the poor. ___13. A woman with a strong sexual drive constantly criticizes her female co-workers for dressing seductively & flirting. HUMANISTIC Perspective • • • • • • Individualism vs. Collectivism PENNESS ONSCIENTIOUSNESS XTRAVERSION GREEABLENESS EUROTICISM Social-Cognitive Theories on Personality EXTERNAL VS INTERNAL HILTON HEAD HIGH SCHOOL Social Psychology • • • ATTRIBUTIONS Cognitive Dissonance Theory 1. 2. 3. Social Relations • • • • • • • Attraction 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. REASONS for CONFORMITY 1. 2. • • • • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.