Peacebuilding Fund Update draft October 2014 2014 Workplan Priority Rolling out the new Business Plan • • Launched new Business Plan 2014-2016 in June 2014 Global workshop to support new country programmes in collaboration with ACCORD (South Africa) in Aug 2014 • • • Launched 2nd Gender Promotion Initiative (GPI2), Sept 2014 Used higher IRF ceiling ($15m) in CAR – planned elsewhere Pilot cross-border programmes under development – Somalia/Kenya, Mali/Niger, Kyrgyzstan/Tajikistan – though challenging • Using country systems – Gov’t financing in CAR, Somalia – in both cases in collaboration with World Bank systems • 5-Year initial period of eligibility – likely to be first tested in Madagascar: encouraging partners to have a longer-term vision • Smaller, more business-like Joint Steering Committees – in Mali, executive committee of 4 members for IRF-package Final Advisory Group meeting The Advisory Group submitted a final report to the Secretary-General The report highlighted the Fund’s… • • • speed and flexibility, a unique instrument dependence upon UN country-level leadership and capacity catalytic potential to make UN work more integrated but noted … • • the need to push harder for explicit collaboration with IFI’s the room for additional progress in women and peacebuilding The Advisory Group’s full report is available on www.unpbf.org Advisory Group review of the PBF’s position on Ebola Recognized… • • the threat to peacebuilding gains in SiL, Gui, Lib the increased vulnerability to the epidemic’s spread as a result of the (postconflict) weak institutions • the risks of the crisis being instrumentalized along lines of political or social conflict Advised… • • No (new) PBF funds for medical / main response PBF to allow for rapid re-programming of existing funds with existing partners if those partners have a role to play • • Request partners to assess risks to increased conflict Be ready to support recovery efforts as soon as feasible Advisory Group discussion of human rights and peacebuilding Discussion involved: OHCHR, Global Focal Point on Rule of Law, Human Rights up Front Office The Advisory Group noted … • If peacebuilding is about state-society relations, the respect (or not) of human rights has a high impact on citizen’s confidence • Conflict analyses – required by PBF – should look at human rights trends and the functionality of national systems in place • Monitoring plays an important role as it can detect whether or not institution-building efforts are yielding results • Human rights principles are universal – the application of the principles can be elastic and focus on improvements The 3rd Peacebuilding Fund Advisory Group presents its final report on the Fund to the UN Secretary-General on 7 October 2014 Programming priorities next 6 months • Cote d’Ivoire – PRF in local conflict prevention, citizenship issues, rule of law, in conflict-sensitive areas • Guinea-Bissau – in support of new Government’s planning efforts; conflict analysis and new Priority Plan in 2015 • Madagascar – will pursue eligibility based on successful elections; Gov’t has expressed interest during UNGA; joint trip with DPA and other UN expected later this fall; hope to partner with ACCORD • Mali – IRF package: area-based participatory programming in the north; challenges linked to on-going peace talks Programming priorities next 6 months (cont’d) • Myanmar – IRF package: policy research and early warning on communal conflict; Rakhine state conflict sensitive development; peace process support and peace dividends • DRC – IRF (to kick-start) & PRF in support of ISSSS • CAR – IRF - collaboration with World Bank; support to national and community reconciliation; extension of state authority Peacebuilding Fund- Allocations January – September 2014 Country CAR Title/Description Total Amount (US$) IRF - Support to the payment of salaries of Police and Gendarmerie in CAR 5,762,600.00 IRF - Support to the return of ex-Seleka combatants to their communities 2,500,000.00 Colombia IRF- Communication for Peace 2,000,000.00 Cote d'Ivoire IRF- Strengthening the participation of women at local level both in rural and urban areas in conflict prevention and peacebuilding activities 1,500,000.00 Guinea Bissau IRF- Support PBF Secretariat to the Joint Steering Committee 441,696.00 IRF - Support to the Electoral Commission in Guinea Bissau 796,080.00 IRF - Strengthening Electoral security in the country, covering all regions 240,502.88 IRF - Strengthening the media's watchdog role during the 2014 elections in Guinea Bissau 176,674.00 IRF - Strengthening women's participation in the elections as candidates, voters and monitors 214,000.00 IRF - Strengthening the capacity of the Transnational Crime Unit in the framework of the West African Coast Initiative (WACI) 500,000.00 Peacebuilding Fund- Allocations January – September 2014 Country Title/Description Total Amount (US$) Mali IRF - Confidence building through support to the cantonement process in Kidal 2,997,414.00 Philippines IRF - Increasing Public Confidence and Participation in Support of Implementation of the Bangsamoro Peace Agreement 3,000,000.00 PNG IRF - PBSO Surge Support to ARB in PNG for preparation of Priority Plan (increase to original allocation) Sierra Leone IRF - Developing national mechanisms and capacities for conflict prevention and peace preservation in Sierra Leone 1,515,000.00 Somalia IRF - Support to Federal Gov’t of Somalia in Stabilization in Newly Recovered Areas 3,391,295.00 South Sudan IRF - Youth for Peace Yemen IRF - Constitutional Process Project Yemen PRF - Priority Plan I 192,222.73 2,013,200.00 12,000,000.00 PRF - Priority Plan Amendment (to add the Secretariat project amount) Burundi PRF - Priority Plan III Cote d'Ivoire PRF - Priority Plan I -cost extension (Truth and Reconciliation Commission, PBF Secretariat) Total Allocations (IRF and PRF) 1,100,000.00 11,650,000.00 650,000.00 52,640,684.61 MULTI-PARTNER TRUST FUND OFFICE EFFICIENCY | TRANSPARENCY | ACCOUNTABILITY Financial Status Overview Funds with the Administrative Agent (as at 1 October 2014) Millions of USD Deposits 587 Interest 20 Total sources of Funds 607 LESS: Total PRF Allocations made to date and IRF net transfers AA fee (1%) 501 6 Direct Costs (3%) 18 Programmable Funds with the AA as at 30th Sept 2014 82 11 Financial projections through 31 Dec 2014 Millions of USD Programmable Funds with the AA as at 30 Sept. 2014 82 Total anticipated PRF allocations until end of year (Papua New Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire) 17 Total anticipated IRF allocations until end of year (Somalia, Myanmar, DRC, Mali, CAR, Philippines, GPI) 34 Forecast additional contributions until end of year 31 Forecast balance of Funds 31/12/2014 62 MULTI-PARTNER TRUST FUND OFFICE EFFICIENCY | TRANSPARENCY | ACCOUNTABILITY PRF Allocation and IRF Net Funded by Year (as at 1 October 2014.) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20072014 PRF Allocation 70 36 45 45 66 19 66 25 372 IRF Net Funded 3 3 7 32 21 18 18 27 129 Total 73 39 52 77 87 37 84 52 501 13 PBF Allocations 2006- 2014 ( incl. Forecast) 120.00 AMount (USD) in Millions 100.00 80.00 Forecast allocations 60.00 Annual allocations 40.00 20.00 Forecast allocations Annual allocations 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 - 73.25 39.10 51.87 76.99 Year 93.49 39.35 84.38 2014 51.59 52.26 As at 30th Sept 2014 Total PBF income (actual and expected receipts) 140.00 120.00 Amount (USD) in Millions 100.00 80.00 Expected contributions 60.00 Contributions received 40.00 20.00 0.00 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 As at 30th Sept 2014 Donors so far in 2014 Many donors provide their funding towards the end of the year. The following donors have already made contributions or commitments in 2014 or have started the process. Australia, Chile, China*, Egypt, Finland, Germany*, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands*, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Russia*, Sweden*, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States* * Being finalized Recipient countries (cumulative 2007-2014) of PBF funding Burundi Guinea Sierra Leone Liberia Central African Republic Guinea-Bissau Kyrgyzstan Cote D'Ivoire Yemen Democratic Republic of… Sudan Nepal South Sudan Uganda PBC Country Comoros Guatemala Non - PBC Country Chad Somalia Haiti Myanmar Lebanon Sri Lanka Niger Mali Libya Bosnia and Herzegovina Colombia Kenya Timor-Leste Papua New Guinea United Nations 0.00 10.00 20.00 Millions 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 As at 30th Sept 2014 Recepient countries (cumulative 2011-2014) of PBF funding Guinea Liberia Guinea-Bissau Kyrgyzstan Burundi Yemen South Sudan Central African Republic Cote D'Ivoire PBC Country Guatemala Non - PBC Country Sudan Nepal Sierra Leone Myanmar Lebanon Niger Mali Somalia Comoros Libya Chad Bosnia and Herzegovina Colombia Uganda Papua New Guinea United Nations 0.00 10.00 20.00 USD Millions 30.00 USD Millions 40.00 50.00 As at 30th Sept 2014 Agency Funding USD WHO WFP 100.00 UNWOMEN UNRWA 90.00 UNOPS UNODC 80.00 UNIDO UNICEF 70.00 UNHCR USD Millions 60.00 UNHABITAT UNFPA 50.00 UNESCO UNEP 40.00 UNDPKO UNDPA 30.00 UNCDF OHCHR 20.00 National Gov't IOM 10.00 ILO IBRD 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year 2012 2013 2014 FAO UNDP Agency Funding Percentage 100% WHO WFP 90% UNWOMEN UNRWA 80% UNOPS UNODC UNIDO 70% UNICEF USD Millions UNHCR 60% UNHABITAT UNFPA UNESCO 50% UNEP UNDPKO 40% UNDPA UNCDF OHCHR 30% National Gov't IOM 20% ILO IBRD 10% FAO UNDP 0% 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year 2012 2013 2014 Cumulative PBF Allocations by Country and status of UN presence (Figures in Millions) Libya 2.40 1% Lebanon 3.01 1% Myanmar 3.62 1% Sri Lanka 3.00 1% Nepal 18.90 4% Kyrgyzstan 25.10 Kenya 5% 1.00 Guatemala 0% 11.00 Comoros 2% 11.90 3% Timor Leste 0.99 0% Sudan 12.49 3% Burundi 60.85 13% CAR 45.07 10% South Sudan 14.52 3% Guinea 56.70 12% DRC 20.00 4% Chad 4.79 1% Liberia 51.85 11% Sierra Leone 52.23 11% Somalia 3.95 1% 21 DPKO- led Missions DPA- led Missions Haiti 3.80 1% Cote d'Ivoire 20.73 5% Countries with: Guinea-Bissau 28.54 6% UN presence led by UN Resident Coordinator Transfers to recipient organisations as at 30 September 2014 Agency Total 2007-2014 Agency prorpotion (%) 2011 2012 2013 2014 41,848,194.95 21,572,035.81 35,671,892.30 21,423,975.23 120,516,098.29 45.41 UNICEF 6,082,068.00 5,132,745.00 9,647,484.00 3,584,919.00 24,447,216.00 9.21 UNOPS 4,629,177.00 - 8,943,289.32 4,987,168.02 18,559,634.34 6.99 UNFPA 1,635,359.65 1,056,849.00 936,138.00 3,706,482.00 7,334,828.65 2.76 UNHCR 8,678,294.65 719,425.00 1,874,246.00 534,600.00 11,806,565.65 4.45 IOM 1,470,178.00 3,268,119.00 1,910,992.00 3,452,761.26 10,102,050.26 3.81 UNWOMEN 1,068,690.52 2,318,714.00 7,080,024.00 1,227,865.00 11,695,293.52 4.41 OHCHR 2,470,453.00 600,000.00 2,197,048.20 4,935,848.00 10,203,349.20 3.84 FAO 4,285,158.41 1,176,795.00 370,323.00 1,075,658.68 6,907,935.09 2.60 UNDPA 6,271,887.00 2,305,566.00 768,326.00 451,523.88 9,797,302.88 3.69 ILO 702,193.04 3,474,663.00 1,306,156.00 244,079.99 5,727,092.03 2.16 UNESCO 617,800.00 2,430,726.37 1,162,559.99 4,211,086.36 1.59 4,773,075.00 1.80 UNDP UNHABITAT 2,000,000.00 291,575.00 2,481,500.00 WFP 2,410,200.00 - - 575,136.09 2,985,336.09 1.12 744,630.00 - 1,008,475.00 2,503,725.00 4,256,830.00 1.60 UNODC National Gov't - - - 4,500,000.00 4,500,000.00 1.70 900,000.00 - 897,730.00 1,249,128.00 3,046,858.00 1.15 - - - 2,000,000.00 2,000,000.00 0.75 1,418,499.00 - - - 1,418,499.00 0.53 UNDPKO - 550,000.00 294,464.00 - 844,464.00 0.32 UNEP - - 187,136.00 - 187,136.00 0.07 UNIDO IBRD UNRWA WHO Total Amount 22 - - 65,869.00 - 65,869.00 0.02 87,232,783.22 42,466,486.81 78,071,819.19 57,615,430.14 265,386,519.36 100.00 Active Country Portfolio Active: 15 Peacebuilding & Recovery Facility (PRF)** Burundi* CAR* Côte d'Ivoire DRC Guinea* Guinea Bissau* Liberia* Nepal Sierra Leone* South Sudan Comoros Guatemala Kyrgyzstan Papua New Guinea Yemen Active: 3 Immediate Response Facility Packages (IRF)** Mali, Somalia, Myanmar Active: 4 Immediate Reponse Facility (IRF) Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chad**, Colombia, Niger**, Sudan Inactive: South Sudan Closing: 6 Countries closing 2014 Uganda (Northern - GPI), Sudan, Colombia, Libya, Lebanon, Chad, UN country teams preparing proposals for PBF: Madagascar * = Peacebuilding Commission ** = Declared Eligible by the Secretary-General PBF Position on Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) PBF articulates its EVD position as follows: • No Fund allocations to the main Ebola response and the scale of needs far exceeds any value-added of the PBF; • Encourage assessment of political risks of EVD crisis by local partners; • Encourage conflict-sensitive UN response; • Allow emergency re-programming of any active projects, e.g. Sierra Leone and Guinea (see table below); Liberia reprogramming under consideration Country & Project Sierra Leone - Security Sector Reforms Reprogrammed Areas of Support Guinea – National Reconciliation and Conflict Prevention Case reviews in crowded prisons & prison staff training; Enhance communications & capacities of SLP/ONS/ ASLAF and Primary Security Sector Coordination bodies; Enhance mobility of security providers nationally; Development of SOPs on establishment & management of quarantines; Field kits for critical security personnel; Strengthen early warning, conflict prevention and management systems in ebola affected areas at community level (Guinee Forestiere/Nzerekore…) Improve communication and sensitization around the ebola response through local media (community radios) and traditional and religious leaders Somalia - PBF Support for Stabilization Project Title: Support to the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in Stabilization in Newly Recovered Areas Funding: Total : $28.6 million Of which: PBF: $3.4 million; Others: Govt - $1.7 million; Donors - $6 million; Funding gap: $17.5 million Objective The 18 months project will support the FGS in its stabilization efforts in the newly recovered areas, through establishment of caretaker and interim local administrations capable of leading an inclusive dialogue towards the formation of governance structures and promoting reconciliation. PBF Strategic Positioning: The new political reality and the military gains against the Al Shabaab by AMISOMJ and Somalia National Army (Security Council Resolutions 2073(2012) and 2124 (2013) New strategic opportunity to consolidate political and security gains under the Somalia New Deal Compact Restoration and extension of state authority through effective governance, rule of law and the delivery of peace dividends. PBF risk-taking and catalytic funding from IRF facility to support FGS strategy on the establishment of administrations, initiating the process of community dialogue and reconciliation and addressing immediate needs in each of 25 districts in South Central Somalia (already 8 recovered districts ready). Expected outcome: New citizen –State relations that enable security and public services delivery in recovered areas GUINEA BISSAU: PBF SUPPORTS TRANSITION • PBF greatly contributed to a successful transition culminating in free, peaceful and democratic presidential and legislative elections in April/May 2014 • Strong political commitment of renewed leadership (President José Mário Vaz and Prime Minister Domingos Simões Pereira) to peacebuilding : Ex: concerted and peaceful dismissal of General Indjai as Chief of Staff of the Army within the first 100 days of office • PBF allocated about $4.8 million for an IRF package to contribute to establishing a favourable environment for the elections filling a crucial gap: - jointly with DPA: High level Commission for Planning - support for the electoral commission - employment for youth and women - electoral security - support for the media during and after the elections - support for women’s participation in the elections - support to the Transnational Crime Unit (TCU) in Bissau (WACI initiative) GUINEA BISSAU: PBF SUPPORTS TRANSITION Next steps • Short-run (until the end of the year): - PBF to support immediate peacebuilding needs through a package of IRFs - project ideas include the establishment of a Strategic Planning Unit in the PM office to support planning and implementation of key reforms and the organisation of a donor round table in early 2015 - PBF advocated to closely associate IFIs (WB) as part of statebuilding • Longer term (2015): - Development of a new Priority Plan, based on a conflict analysis exercise to be conducted jointly with DPA, the UNCT and the NGO Interpeace/Voz de Paz. PBF works with World Bank to support core services in CAR US $4.5 million to cover 3,417 police and gendarmerie salaries from May to August in parallel with World Bank that paid the salaries of the rest of the civil service Joint PBF-WB mission to CAR planned for November to look at increased joint support to the extension of state authority and explore other potential areas of joint assistance 28 PBSO approves first Peacebuilding Priority Plan for Papua New Guinea On 2 October, PBSO approved the first Peacebuilding Priority Plan for Papua New Guinea. The focus of the work is on the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, with an expected referendum between 2015 and 2020. The Priority Plan is based on the findings from a consultative Peace and Development Analysis, facilitated in late 2013 by Interpeace, with PBF support. PBF has worked closely with the Department of Political Affairs throughout the process. The findings of the analysis and the Priority Plan itself were approved by the PNG Joint Steering Committee, co-chaired by high level representatives from the PNG Government, the Autonomous Bougainville Government and the UN. The total allocation to the Priority Plan is for $7.3 million, which covers the three priority outcomes: (i) Relationship and trust between GoPNG and ABG are strengthened; (ii) People of Bougainville are empowered to make informed choices at the Bougainville referendum and to have increased confidence in the Bougainville Peace Agreement process; (iii) Community social cohesion and security in Bougainville are strengthened. PBF Global Workshop in Durban From 18 to 21 August in Durban, South Africa, PBSO conducted its second global workshop, once again in partnership with ACCORD. The workshop specifically targeted those PBF countries which are entering a significant PBF design phase. In total, 26 field-based participants from 12 countries were part of the workshop, including some from the UN, the governments and the civil society. They were joined by UN Headquarters staff, and ACCORD and PeaceNexus colleagues. The first two days involved all the participants, including several members of Joint Steering Committees. The discussions focussed on the political nature of peacebuilding and on how the UN and PBF can help support the crucial inter-play between the political and programmatic components of UN work, while strengthening national ownership, legitimacy and inclusivity of political processes for better peacebuilding results. The second half of the workshop involved UN staff only and provided a targeted PBF design and M&E training through small-group work, using a specially prepared conflict scenario. 30 Members of the PBF branch are pictured with representatives from ACCORD focus countries and countries approved for PBF funding. Photo courtesy of ACCORD. 31 PBF Global Workshop in Durban A few highlights from the workshop have included: A joint Government-civil society presentation from DRC which showed how the civil society organised itself to mirror the thematic areas contained in the Government's own coordination structures, hence playing a strong role in the stabilisation activities; Presentations from ACCORD showing how international partners can provide expertise on the "how" rather than the "what" and give space to the local participants and civil society to shape the content of the peacebuilding work; A presentation from Somalia, showing how the UN's International Stabilisation Framework (ISF) was shaped around the Government's priorities and the New Deal pillars, with an associated conflict analysis; A presentation from Papua New Guinea, showing how a very participatory conflict analysis, supported by PBF, brought together 1,000 stakeholders and provided many community members with the first opportunity to openly discuss their views and concerns with regards to peace process. 32 GENDER PROMOTION INITIATIVE 2 PEACEBUILDING FUND PBF Advisory Group 8 October 2014 BACKGROUND on GPI2 • Recommended by 2013 independent PBF Global Review • Recommended by independent Thematic Review on Gender & Peacebuilding • Included in PBF Business Plan 2014-2016, as one of several initiatives that PBF will pursue for strengthening its work on gender (along w/ GEN2/GEN3, gender budgeting, gender-responsive M&E) OBJECTIVES • Strengthen the integration of gender equality and women’s empowerment within existing peacebuilding initiatives on the ground and within PBF portfolio at country-level; • Support innovative projects, exclusively focused on gender equality and women’s empowerment, that have the potential for catalytic effect and peacebuilding outcomes; • Contribute to collective operational learning for the UN system on gender-responsive programming, through the gathering, analysis and dissemination of lessons learned and good practices; • Continue raising awareness of the Secretary-General Seven-Point Action Plan and its commitment to increase funding of genderresponsive peacebuilding projects; and • Help the PBF in meeting the 15% target for GEN3 projects. ELIGIBILITY • 17 countries eligible to apply – limited to countries currently recipient of PRF or implementing several IRF (avoid stand-alone projects) Burundi Central African Republic Comoros Côte d’Ivoire DRC Guinea Conakry Guinea Bissau Kyrgyzstan Liberia Mali Myanmar Nepal Niger Papua New Guinea Sierra Leone Somalia Yemen • 2 proposals maximum per country, US$ 1 million each maximum • Joint submissions encouraged PROCESS & TIMELINE 2-step process: • Round I: call for concept notes, by 3 Oct. PAC will pre-select most promising project ideas. Concept note decisions to be issued by 17 Oct. • Round II: pre-selected concept notes to be developed into full proposals, by 28 November. Final selection of 5 to 10 projects by mid-December 2014. MAIN PROJECT IDEAS – round I • 3 main themes (sometimes combined…) Political participation – 14 proposals GBV – 10 proposals Economic empowerment – 8 proposals • Other themes: SSR – 4 concept notes Rule of law / access to justice – 3 concept notes • Some innovative ideas: Women’s participation to decentralization Study on female radicalization Women’s access to land Gender dimension of Ebola crisis REVIEW CRITERIA FOR PAC • Peacebuilding dimension / rationale • Projects supporting the implementation of one or several of the commitments of the Seven-Point Action Plan on Gender-Responsive Peacebuilding and/or National Action Plan on SCR1325. • Relevance to PBF portfolio in country (request to have Joint Steering Committee, where it exists, endorse the notes) • Evidence of broad stakeholder consultation • Linkages with political, peacebuilding processes (less niche-oriented, less circumscribed to local initiatives) • Innovation - attempt to try out new, creative interventions and approaches to address a particular problem. FOCUS ON CAPACITIES • 2-step process to avoid disqualifying countries with lower capacities • Technical support available from PBSO + headquarters of RUNOs for development of concept notes and full proposals • Partnership with UNV and UN Women: UNV will deploy 5 Gender and Peacebuilding Specialists (International UNVs), each to be paired with one national UNV, in 5 GPI2 countries FOCUS ON M&E • Criteria for round II will highlight importance of developing a sound theory of change and solid results framework • Final evaluation of each project will be mandatory • Learning opportunities from GPI1: internal analysis of project reports to be conducted, to highlight promising practices and challenges.