Donors` Briefing September 2014

Report
Peacebuilding Fund
Update
draft
October 2014
2014 Workplan Priority
Rolling out the new Business Plan
•
•
Launched new Business Plan 2014-2016 in June 2014
Global workshop to support new country programmes in collaboration with ACCORD
(South Africa) in Aug 2014
•
•
•
Launched 2nd Gender Promotion Initiative (GPI2), Sept 2014
Used higher IRF ceiling ($15m) in CAR – planned elsewhere
Pilot cross-border programmes under development – Somalia/Kenya, Mali/Niger,
Kyrgyzstan/Tajikistan – though challenging
•
Using country systems – Gov’t financing in CAR, Somalia – in both cases in
collaboration with World Bank systems
•
5-Year initial period of eligibility – likely to be first tested in Madagascar: encouraging
partners to have a longer-term vision
•
Smaller, more business-like Joint Steering Committees – in Mali, executive
committee of 4 members for IRF-package
Final Advisory Group meeting
The Advisory Group submitted a final report to the Secretary-General
The report highlighted the Fund’s…
•
•
•
speed and flexibility, a unique instrument
dependence upon UN country-level leadership and capacity
catalytic potential to make UN work more integrated
but noted …
•
•
the need to push harder for explicit collaboration with IFI’s
the room for additional progress in women and peacebuilding
The Advisory Group’s full report is available on www.unpbf.org
Advisory Group review
of the PBF’s position on Ebola
Recognized…
•
•
the threat to peacebuilding gains in SiL, Gui, Lib
the increased vulnerability to the epidemic’s spread as a result of the (postconflict) weak institutions
•
the risks of the crisis being instrumentalized along lines of political or social
conflict
Advised…
•
•
No (new) PBF funds for medical / main response
PBF to allow for rapid re-programming of existing funds with existing partners if
those partners have a role to play
•
•
Request partners to assess risks to increased conflict
Be ready to support recovery efforts as soon as feasible
Advisory Group discussion of
human rights and peacebuilding
Discussion involved: OHCHR, Global Focal Point on Rule of Law,
Human Rights up Front Office
The Advisory Group noted …
•
If peacebuilding is about state-society relations, the respect (or not) of
human rights has a high impact on citizen’s confidence
•
Conflict analyses – required by PBF – should look at human rights trends
and the functionality of national systems in place
•
Monitoring plays an important role as it can detect whether or not
institution-building efforts are yielding results
•
Human rights principles are universal – the application of the principles
can be elastic and focus on improvements
The 3rd Peacebuilding Fund Advisory Group
presents its final report on the Fund to the UN Secretary-General on 7 October 2014
Programming priorities next 6 months
•
Cote d’Ivoire – PRF in local conflict prevention, citizenship issues, rule
of law, in conflict-sensitive areas
•
Guinea-Bissau – in support of new Government’s planning efforts;
conflict analysis and new Priority Plan in 2015
•
Madagascar – will pursue eligibility based on successful elections; Gov’t
has expressed interest during UNGA; joint trip with DPA and other UN
expected later this fall; hope to partner with ACCORD
•
Mali – IRF package: area-based participatory programming in the north;
challenges linked to on-going peace talks
Programming priorities next 6 months
(cont’d)
•
Myanmar – IRF package: policy research and early warning on
communal conflict; Rakhine state conflict sensitive development; peace
process support and peace dividends
•
DRC – IRF (to kick-start) & PRF in support of ISSSS
•
CAR – IRF - collaboration with World Bank; support to national and
community reconciliation; extension of state authority
Peacebuilding Fund- Allocations
January – September 2014
Country
CAR
Title/Description
Total Amount
(US$)
IRF - Support to the payment of salaries of Police and Gendarmerie in CAR
5,762,600.00
IRF - Support to the return of ex-Seleka combatants to their communities
2,500,000.00
Colombia
IRF- Communication for Peace
2,000,000.00
Cote d'Ivoire
IRF- Strengthening the participation of women at local level both in rural and urban areas in conflict
prevention and peacebuilding activities
1,500,000.00
Guinea Bissau
IRF- Support PBF Secretariat to the Joint Steering Committee
441,696.00
IRF - Support to the Electoral Commission in Guinea Bissau
796,080.00
IRF - Strengthening Electoral security in the country, covering all regions
240,502.88
IRF - Strengthening the media's watchdog role during the 2014 elections in Guinea Bissau
176,674.00
IRF - Strengthening women's participation in the elections as candidates, voters and monitors
214,000.00
IRF - Strengthening the capacity of the Transnational Crime Unit in the framework of the West African
Coast Initiative (WACI)
500,000.00
Peacebuilding Fund- Allocations
January – September 2014
Country
Title/Description
Total Amount
(US$)
Mali
IRF - Confidence building through support to the cantonement process in Kidal
2,997,414.00
Philippines
IRF - Increasing Public Confidence and Participation in Support of Implementation of the Bangsamoro Peace
Agreement
3,000,000.00
PNG
IRF - PBSO Surge Support to ARB in PNG for preparation of Priority Plan (increase to original allocation)
Sierra Leone
IRF - Developing national mechanisms and capacities for conflict prevention and peace preservation in Sierra
Leone
1,515,000.00
Somalia
IRF - Support to Federal Gov’t of Somalia in Stabilization in Newly Recovered Areas
3,391,295.00
South Sudan
IRF - Youth for Peace
Yemen
IRF - Constitutional Process Project
Yemen
PRF - Priority Plan I
192,222.73
2,013,200.00
12,000,000.00
PRF - Priority Plan Amendment (to add the Secretariat project amount)
Burundi
PRF - Priority Plan III
Cote d'Ivoire
PRF - Priority Plan I -cost extension (Truth and Reconciliation Commission, PBF Secretariat)
Total Allocations (IRF and PRF)
1,100,000.00
11,650,000.00
650,000.00
52,640,684.61
MULTI-PARTNER TRUST FUND OFFICE
EFFICIENCY | TRANSPARENCY | ACCOUNTABILITY
Financial Status Overview
Funds with the Administrative Agent
(as at 1 October 2014)
Millions of USD
Deposits
587
Interest
20
Total sources of Funds
607
LESS:
Total PRF Allocations made to date and IRF net transfers
AA fee (1%)
501
6
Direct Costs (3%)
18
Programmable Funds with the AA as at 30th Sept 2014
82
11
Financial projections through 31 Dec 2014
Millions of USD
Programmable Funds with the AA as at 30 Sept. 2014
82
Total anticipated PRF allocations until end of year
(Papua New Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire)
17
Total anticipated IRF allocations until end of year
(Somalia, Myanmar, DRC, Mali, CAR, Philippines, GPI)
34
Forecast additional contributions until end of year
31
Forecast balance of Funds 31/12/2014
62
MULTI-PARTNER TRUST FUND OFFICE
EFFICIENCY | TRANSPARENCY | ACCOUNTABILITY
PRF Allocation and IRF Net Funded by Year
(as at 1 October 2014.)
2007
2008 2009 2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
20072014
PRF
Allocation
70
36
45
45
66
19
66
25
372
IRF Net
Funded
3
3
7
32
21
18
18
27
129
Total
73
39
52
77
87
37
84
52
501
13
PBF Allocations 2006- 2014 ( incl. Forecast)
120.00
AMount (USD) in Millions
100.00
80.00
Forecast allocations
60.00
Annual allocations
40.00
20.00
Forecast allocations
Annual allocations
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
-
73.25
39.10
51.87
76.99
Year
93.49
39.35
84.38
2014
51.59
52.26
As at 30th Sept 2014
Total PBF income
(actual and expected receipts)
140.00
120.00
Amount (USD) in Millions
100.00
80.00
Expected contributions
60.00
Contributions received
40.00
20.00
0.00
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
As at 30th Sept 2014
Donors so far in 2014
Many donors provide their funding towards the end of the year.
The following donors have already made contributions or
commitments in 2014 or have started the process.
Australia, Chile, China*, Egypt, Finland, Germany*, Japan,
Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands*, Norway, Pakistan, Poland,
Russia*, Sweden*, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States*
* Being finalized
Recipient countries (cumulative 2007-2014) of PBF funding
Burundi
Guinea
Sierra Leone
Liberia
Central African Republic
Guinea-Bissau
Kyrgyzstan
Cote D'Ivoire
Yemen
Democratic Republic of…
Sudan
Nepal
South Sudan
Uganda
PBC Country
Comoros
Guatemala
Non - PBC Country
Chad
Somalia
Haiti
Myanmar
Lebanon
Sri Lanka
Niger
Mali
Libya
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Colombia
Kenya
Timor-Leste
Papua New Guinea
United Nations
0.00
10.00
20.00
Millions
30.00
40.00
50.00
60.00
70.00
As at 30th Sept 2014
Recepient countries (cumulative 2011-2014) of PBF funding
Guinea
Liberia
Guinea-Bissau
Kyrgyzstan
Burundi
Yemen
South Sudan
Central African Republic
Cote D'Ivoire
PBC Country
Guatemala
Non - PBC Country
Sudan
Nepal
Sierra Leone
Myanmar
Lebanon
Niger
Mali
Somalia
Comoros
Libya
Chad
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Colombia
Uganda
Papua New Guinea
United Nations
0.00
10.00
20.00
USD Millions
30.00
USD Millions
40.00
50.00
As at 30th Sept 2014
Agency Funding USD
WHO
WFP
100.00
UNWOMEN
UNRWA
90.00
UNOPS
UNODC
80.00
UNIDO
UNICEF
70.00
UNHCR
USD Millions
60.00
UNHABITAT
UNFPA
50.00
UNESCO
UNEP
40.00
UNDPKO
UNDPA
30.00
UNCDF
OHCHR
20.00
National Gov't
IOM
10.00
ILO
IBRD
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
2012
2013
2014
FAO
UNDP
Agency Funding Percentage
100%
WHO
WFP
90%
UNWOMEN
UNRWA
80%
UNOPS
UNODC
UNIDO
70%
UNICEF
USD Millions
UNHCR
60%
UNHABITAT
UNFPA
UNESCO
50%
UNEP
UNDPKO
40%
UNDPA
UNCDF
OHCHR
30%
National Gov't
IOM
20%
ILO
IBRD
10%
FAO
UNDP
0%
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
2012
2013
2014
Cumulative PBF Allocations by Country and status of UN presence
(Figures in Millions)
Libya
2.40
1%
Lebanon
3.01
1%
Myanmar
3.62
1%
Sri Lanka
3.00
1%
Nepal
18.90
4%
Kyrgyzstan
25.10
Kenya
5%
1.00
Guatemala
0%
11.00
Comoros
2%
11.90
3%
Timor Leste
0.99
0%
Sudan
12.49
3%
Burundi
60.85
13%
CAR
45.07
10%
South Sudan
14.52
3%
Guinea
56.70
12%
DRC
20.00
4%
Chad
4.79
1%
Liberia
51.85
11%
Sierra Leone
52.23
11%
Somalia
3.95
1%
21
DPKO- led Missions
DPA- led Missions
Haiti
3.80
1%
Cote d'Ivoire
20.73
5%
Countries with:
Guinea-Bissau
28.54
6%
UN presence led by UN
Resident Coordinator
Transfers to recipient organisations
as at 30 September 2014
Agency
Total
2007-2014
Agency
prorpotion
(%)
2011
2012
2013
2014
41,848,194.95
21,572,035.81
35,671,892.30
21,423,975.23
120,516,098.29
45.41
UNICEF
6,082,068.00
5,132,745.00
9,647,484.00
3,584,919.00
24,447,216.00
9.21
UNOPS
4,629,177.00
-
8,943,289.32
4,987,168.02
18,559,634.34
6.99
UNFPA
1,635,359.65
1,056,849.00
936,138.00
3,706,482.00
7,334,828.65
2.76
UNHCR
8,678,294.65
719,425.00
1,874,246.00
534,600.00
11,806,565.65
4.45
IOM
1,470,178.00
3,268,119.00
1,910,992.00
3,452,761.26
10,102,050.26
3.81
UNWOMEN
1,068,690.52
2,318,714.00
7,080,024.00
1,227,865.00
11,695,293.52
4.41
OHCHR
2,470,453.00
600,000.00
2,197,048.20
4,935,848.00
10,203,349.20
3.84
FAO
4,285,158.41
1,176,795.00
370,323.00
1,075,658.68
6,907,935.09
2.60
UNDPA
6,271,887.00
2,305,566.00
768,326.00
451,523.88
9,797,302.88
3.69
ILO
702,193.04
3,474,663.00
1,306,156.00
244,079.99
5,727,092.03
2.16
UNESCO
617,800.00
2,430,726.37
1,162,559.99
4,211,086.36
1.59
4,773,075.00
1.80
UNDP
UNHABITAT
2,000,000.00
291,575.00
2,481,500.00
WFP
2,410,200.00
-
-
575,136.09
2,985,336.09
1.12
744,630.00
-
1,008,475.00
2,503,725.00
4,256,830.00
1.60
UNODC
National Gov't
-
-
-
4,500,000.00
4,500,000.00
1.70
900,000.00
-
897,730.00
1,249,128.00
3,046,858.00
1.15
-
-
-
2,000,000.00
2,000,000.00
0.75
1,418,499.00
-
-
-
1,418,499.00
0.53
UNDPKO
-
550,000.00
294,464.00
-
844,464.00
0.32
UNEP
-
-
187,136.00
-
187,136.00
0.07
UNIDO
IBRD
UNRWA
WHO
Total Amount
22
-
-
65,869.00
-
65,869.00
0.02
87,232,783.22
42,466,486.81
78,071,819.19
57,615,430.14
265,386,519.36
100.00
Active Country Portfolio
Active: 15 Peacebuilding & Recovery Facility (PRF)**
Burundi*
CAR*
Côte d'Ivoire
DRC
Guinea*
Guinea Bissau*
Liberia*
Nepal
Sierra Leone*
South Sudan
Comoros
Guatemala
Kyrgyzstan
Papua New Guinea
Yemen
Active: 3 Immediate Response Facility Packages (IRF)**
Mali, Somalia, Myanmar
Active: 4 Immediate Reponse Facility (IRF)
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chad**, Colombia, Niger**, Sudan
Inactive:
South Sudan
Closing: 6 Countries closing 2014
Uganda (Northern - GPI), Sudan, Colombia, Libya, Lebanon, Chad,
UN country teams preparing proposals for PBF:
Madagascar
* = Peacebuilding Commission
** = Declared Eligible by the Secretary-General
PBF Position on Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)
PBF articulates its EVD position as follows:
• No Fund allocations to the main Ebola response and the scale of needs far
exceeds any value-added of the PBF;
• Encourage assessment of political risks of EVD crisis by local partners;
• Encourage conflict-sensitive UN response;
• Allow emergency re-programming of any active projects, e.g. Sierra Leone and
Guinea (see table below); Liberia reprogramming under consideration
Country & Project
Sierra Leone - Security Sector
Reforms
Reprogrammed Areas of Support





Guinea – National Reconciliation 
and Conflict Prevention

Case reviews in crowded prisons & prison staff training;
Enhance communications & capacities of SLP/ONS/ ASLAF and Primary Security Sector
Coordination bodies;
Enhance mobility of security providers nationally;
Development of SOPs on establishment & management of quarantines;
Field kits for critical security personnel;
Strengthen early warning, conflict prevention and management systems in ebola affected
areas at community level (Guinee Forestiere/Nzerekore…)
Improve communication and sensitization around the ebola response through local media
(community radios) and traditional and religious leaders
Somalia - PBF Support for Stabilization
Project Title: Support to the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in Stabilization in Newly Recovered Areas
Funding: Total :
$28.6 million
Of which:
PBF:
$3.4 million;
Others:
Govt - $1.7 million; Donors - $6 million;
Funding gap: $17.5 million
Objective
The 18 months project will support the FGS in its stabilization efforts in the newly recovered areas, through
establishment of caretaker and interim local administrations capable of leading an inclusive dialogue towards the
formation of governance structures and promoting reconciliation.
PBF Strategic Positioning:
The new political reality and the military gains against the Al Shabaab by AMISOMJ and Somalia National Army
(Security Council Resolutions 2073(2012) and 2124 (2013)
New strategic opportunity to consolidate political and security gains under the Somalia New Deal Compact Restoration and extension of state authority through effective governance, rule of law and the delivery of peace
dividends.
PBF risk-taking and catalytic funding from IRF facility to support FGS strategy on the establishment of
administrations, initiating the process of community dialogue and reconciliation and addressing immediate needs in
each of 25 districts in South Central Somalia (already 8 recovered districts ready).
Expected outcome: New citizen –State relations that enable security and public services delivery in recovered areas
GUINEA BISSAU: PBF SUPPORTS TRANSITION
• PBF greatly contributed to a successful transition culminating in free, peaceful
and democratic presidential and legislative elections in April/May 2014
• Strong political commitment of renewed leadership (President José Mário Vaz
and Prime Minister Domingos Simões Pereira) to peacebuilding :
Ex: concerted and peaceful dismissal of General Indjai as Chief of Staff of the
Army within the first 100 days of office
• PBF allocated about $4.8 million for an IRF package to contribute to
establishing a favourable environment for the elections filling a crucial gap:
- jointly with DPA: High level Commission for Planning
- support for the electoral commission
- employment for youth and women
- electoral security
- support for the media during and after the elections
- support for women’s participation in the elections
- support to the Transnational Crime Unit (TCU) in Bissau (WACI initiative)
GUINEA BISSAU: PBF SUPPORTS TRANSITION
Next steps
• Short-run (until the end of the year):
- PBF to support immediate peacebuilding needs through a package of IRFs
- project ideas include the establishment of a Strategic Planning Unit in the PM
office to support planning and implementation of key reforms and the
organisation of a donor round table in early 2015
- PBF advocated to closely associate IFIs (WB) as part of statebuilding
• Longer term (2015):
- Development of a new Priority Plan, based on a conflict analysis exercise to be
conducted jointly with DPA, the UNCT and the NGO Interpeace/Voz de Paz.
PBF works with World Bank
to support core services in CAR
 US $4.5 million to cover 3,417 police and gendarmerie salaries from May
to August in parallel with World Bank that paid the salaries of the rest of
the civil service
 Joint PBF-WB mission to CAR planned for November to look at increased
joint support to the extension of state authority and explore other
potential areas of joint assistance
28
PBSO approves first Peacebuilding Priority Plan for
Papua New Guinea
On 2 October, PBSO approved the first Peacebuilding Priority Plan for Papua New
Guinea. The focus of the work is on the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, with
an expected referendum between 2015 and 2020. The Priority Plan is based on
the findings from a consultative Peace and Development Analysis, facilitated in
late 2013 by Interpeace, with PBF support. PBF has worked closely with the
Department of Political Affairs throughout the process. The findings of the
analysis and the Priority Plan itself were approved by the PNG Joint Steering
Committee, co-chaired by high level representatives from the PNG Government,
the Autonomous Bougainville Government and the UN.
The total allocation to the Priority Plan is for $7.3 million, which covers the three
priority outcomes:
(i) Relationship and trust between GoPNG and ABG are strengthened;
(ii) People of Bougainville are empowered to make informed choices at the
Bougainville referendum and to have increased confidence in the Bougainville
Peace Agreement process;
(iii) Community social cohesion and security in Bougainville are strengthened.
PBF Global Workshop in Durban
From 18 to 21 August in Durban, South Africa, PBSO conducted its second global workshop,
once again in partnership with ACCORD. The workshop specifically targeted those PBF
countries which are entering a significant PBF design phase. In total, 26 field-based participants
from 12 countries were part of the workshop, including some from the UN, the governments and
the civil society. They were joined by UN Headquarters staff, and ACCORD and PeaceNexus
colleagues.
The first two days involved all the participants, including several members of Joint Steering
Committees. The discussions focussed on the political nature of peacebuilding and on how the
UN and PBF can help support the crucial inter-play between the political and programmatic
components of UN work, while strengthening national ownership, legitimacy and inclusivity of
political processes for better peacebuilding results. The second half of the workshop involved UN
staff only and provided a targeted PBF design and M&E training through small-group work,
using a specially prepared conflict scenario.
30
Members of the PBF branch are pictured with representatives from ACCORD focus
countries and countries approved for PBF funding. Photo courtesy of ACCORD.
31
PBF Global Workshop in Durban
A few highlights from the workshop have included:
A joint Government-civil society presentation from DRC which showed how the civil society
organised itself to mirror the thematic areas contained in the Government's own coordination
structures, hence playing a strong role in the stabilisation activities;
Presentations from ACCORD showing how international partners can provide expertise on the
"how" rather than the "what" and give space to the local participants and civil society to shape the
content of the peacebuilding work;
A presentation from Somalia, showing how the UN's International Stabilisation Framework
(ISF) was shaped around the Government's priorities and the New Deal pillars, with an associated
conflict analysis;
A presentation from Papua New Guinea, showing how a very participatory conflict analysis,
supported by PBF, brought together 1,000 stakeholders and provided many community members
with the first opportunity to openly discuss their views and concerns with regards to peace
process.
32
GENDER PROMOTION
INITIATIVE 2
PEACEBUILDING FUND
PBF Advisory Group
8 October 2014
BACKGROUND on GPI2
• Recommended by 2013 independent PBF Global Review
• Recommended by independent Thematic Review on
Gender & Peacebuilding
• Included in PBF Business Plan 2014-2016, as one of
several initiatives that PBF will pursue for strengthening
its work on gender (along w/ GEN2/GEN3, gender
budgeting, gender-responsive M&E)
OBJECTIVES
• Strengthen the integration of gender equality and women’s
empowerment within existing peacebuilding initiatives on the ground
and within PBF portfolio at country-level;
• Support innovative projects, exclusively focused on gender equality
and women’s empowerment, that have the potential for catalytic effect
and peacebuilding outcomes;
• Contribute to collective operational learning for the UN system on
gender-responsive programming, through the gathering, analysis and
dissemination of lessons learned and good practices;
• Continue raising awareness of the Secretary-General Seven-Point
Action Plan and its commitment to increase funding of genderresponsive peacebuilding projects; and
• Help the PBF in meeting the 15% target for GEN3 projects.
ELIGIBILITY
• 17 countries eligible to apply – limited to countries currently recipient
of PRF or implementing several IRF (avoid stand-alone projects)
Burundi
Central African Republic
Comoros
Côte d’Ivoire
DRC
Guinea Conakry
Guinea Bissau
Kyrgyzstan
Liberia
Mali
Myanmar
Nepal
Niger
Papua New Guinea
Sierra Leone
Somalia
Yemen
• 2 proposals maximum per country, US$ 1 million each maximum
• Joint submissions encouraged
PROCESS & TIMELINE
2-step process:
• Round I: call for concept notes, by 3 Oct.
PAC will pre-select most promising project ideas.
Concept note decisions to be issued by 17 Oct.
• Round II: pre-selected concept notes to be developed into
full proposals, by 28 November.
Final selection of 5 to 10 projects by mid-December 2014.
MAIN PROJECT IDEAS – round I
•
3 main themes (sometimes combined…)
 Political participation – 14 proposals
 GBV – 10 proposals
 Economic empowerment – 8 proposals
•
Other themes:
 SSR – 4 concept notes
 Rule of law / access to justice – 3 concept notes
•
Some innovative ideas:
 Women’s participation to decentralization
 Study on female radicalization
 Women’s access to land
 Gender dimension of Ebola crisis
REVIEW CRITERIA FOR PAC
• Peacebuilding dimension / rationale
• Projects supporting the implementation of one or several of the
commitments of the Seven-Point Action Plan on Gender-Responsive
Peacebuilding and/or National Action Plan on SCR1325.
• Relevance to PBF portfolio in country (request to have Joint Steering
Committee, where it exists, endorse the notes)
• Evidence of broad stakeholder consultation
• Linkages with political, peacebuilding processes (less niche-oriented,
less circumscribed to local initiatives)
• Innovation - attempt to try out new, creative interventions and
approaches to address a particular problem.
FOCUS ON CAPACITIES
• 2-step process to avoid disqualifying countries with lower
capacities
• Technical support available from PBSO + headquarters of
RUNOs for development of concept notes and full
proposals
• Partnership with UNV and UN Women: UNV will deploy 5
Gender and Peacebuilding Specialists (International
UNVs), each to be paired with one national UNV, in 5
GPI2 countries
FOCUS ON M&E
• Criteria for round II will highlight importance of developing
a sound theory of change and solid results framework
• Final evaluation of each project will be mandatory
• Learning opportunities from GPI1: internal analysis of
project reports to be conducted, to highlight promising
practices and challenges.

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