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Report
System of Poverty Reduction
International Environment: the global system, global constraints, global players
Political
Settlement
Political
institutions
+
Active
Citizens
Resilient
Growth
Environment
Jobs, Incomes
General multiplier
Private sector
investment &
Growth
Taxation
Human
Capital
STATE
Girls & Women
Education
Health
Social protection
Food security
WASH
Humanitarian
and others...
Social Policy
Natural Resource Base
1
Sustainable
Poverty
Reduction
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2
South Asia
LAC
ECA
Timor-Leste
Papua New Guinea
Laos
Cambodia
Indonesia
Philippines
Vietnam
China
Fiji
Proportion of population living under $1.25 per day
Maternal Mortality (per 100,000 live births)
ECA
Laos
Timor-Leste
Cambodia
Papua New Guinea
Indonesia
Philippines
Vietnam
Thailand
China
Malaysia
Fiji
LAC
Tajikistan
Kyrgyz Republic
Haiti
St. Lucia
Honduras
Bolivia
Suriname
Guatemala
Belize
Nicaragua
El Salvador
Guyana
Colombia
Paraguay
Venezuela
Panama
Brazil
Turkmenistan
Georgia
Djibouti
Yemen
Algeria
South Asia
Kyrgyz Republic
Turkmenistan
Tajikistan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Russia
Azerbaijan
Moldova
Albania
Armenia
Romania
Ukraine
Turkey
Latvia
Montenegro
Belarus
Bulgaria
Lithuania
Macedonia
Bosnia
Serbia
MENA
Bangladesh
India
Nepal
Pakistan
Bhutan
Sri Lanka
30%
St. Lucia
Haiti
Guyana
Bolivia
Ecuador
Honduras
Guatemala
El Salvador
Suriname
Nicaragua
Dominican Rep
Peru
Paraguay
Belize
Jamaica
Colombia
Mexico
Panama
Venezuela
Brazil
Costa Rica
Uruguay
Chile
-10%
Sub-Saharan Africa
Djibouti
Yemen
Algeria
Morocco
Egypt
Iraq
Tunisia
Jordan
Syria
Iran
70%
Nepal
Bangladesh
Pakistan
India
Bhutan
Sri Lanka
Maldives
90%
DRC
Liberia
Burundi
Madagascar
Malawi
Zambia
Nigeria
Tanzania
Rwanda
CAR
Chad
Mozambique
Angola
Congo
Sierra Leone
Mali
Guinea-Bissau
Benin
Comoros
Burkina Faso
Niger
Lesotho
Kenya
Guinea
Swaziland
Ethiopia
Togo
Uganda
Gambia
Senegal
Namibia
Botswana
Ghana
São Tomé
Côte d'Ivoire
Mauritania
Cape Verde
Sudan
South Africa
Cameroon
•
•
•
Chad
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Burundi
Sierra Leone
CAR
Nigeria
Mali
Niger
Tanzania
Sudan
Guinea
DRC
Angola
Cameroon
Congo
Burkina Faso
Mozambique
Mauritania
Rwanda
Lesotho
Kenya
Malawi
Zambia
Ethiopia
Côte d'Ivoire
Madagascar
Uganda
Swaziland
Benin
Senegal
South Africa
Gambia
Togo
Ghana
Comoros
Gabon
Botswana
Namibia
Cape Verde
Poverty is most severe in Poor Countries
Highest rates of poverty (across all dimensions) are in Low Income Countries
Concentrated: geographically in Sub Saharan Africa, South & East Asia
Concentrated: in particular social groups – ethnicity and gender
LIC
LIC
MIC
50%
EAP
MENA
10%
MIC
Sub-Saharan Africa
EAP
Most poor people will continue to live in MICs
Scenario 1: continuation of growth rates since 2000
1200
1000
800
India
Nigeria
600
Other MIC
400
LIC
200
0
2011
2015
2020
2025
2030
•
Numbers of poor are falling faster in MICs than LICs, but graduation of LICs (a success)
transfers more poor into MIC category
•
Extreme poverty continues predominately in MICs over next 20Y
•
India and Nigeria comprise 60-75% of extreme poor living in MICs
•
India takes over from China as the principal net reducer of numbers of poor
98% of extreme poverty will be in 50 countries
Scenario 1: continuation of growth rates since 2000*
1,000
900
Millions of people living under $1.25 per day
800
India
700
600
Poverty
Falling
China
500
Poverty
Constant
400
300
Nigeria
200
Malawi
Kenya
100
0
2012
4
Poverty
Increasing
Madagascar
DRC
2015
2020
2025
2030
* No data for Afghanistan, Somalia, Zimbabwe, Myanmar. Data
for Ethiopia in WB data are under revision
India
China
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Pakistan
Angola
Mozambique
Ghana
Sudan
South Africa
Philippines
Tanzania
Nepal
Burkina Faso
Venezuela
Chad
Bolivia
Papua New Guinea
Cameroon
Sierra Leone
Guinea
Niger
Guinea-Bissau
Republic of Congo
Rwanda
Togo
Haiti
Zambia
Central African Republic
Liberia
Benin
Uganda
Yemen
Burundi
Côte d'Ivoire
Mali
Nigeria
Malawi
Kenya
Madagascar
DRC

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