Piracy & Hacking | PRESENTATION ()

Report
THE INTERNET IS FOREVER
Part IV: Piracy and Hacking
WHAT IS PIRACY?
1. An act of robbery on the high
seas; an act resembling such
robbery.
2. Robbery on the high seas.
3. The unauthorized use of
another's production,
invention, or conception
especially in infringement of a
copyright
4. The illicit accessing of
broadcast signals.
WHAT IS A COPYRIGHT?
• Legal concept for protecting expressions of ideas.
• Protected idea must be original.
• Does not protect titles, symbols, short phrases, or
names that indicate source of goods (i.e. Tide,
iPhone, Kodak – these are trademarks)
What can be copyrighted?
• Examples
– Books
– Music
– Television
– Art
– Photographs
songs
movies
art
books
HOW LONG DOES A COPYRIGHT LAST?
• A copyright begins as soon as the work is
created.
• A copyright is owned by the author for his or
her whole life plus 70 years.
• When the copyright expires, everyone is free
to copy and enjoy the work.
EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS FOR COPYRIGHT OWNERS
• Make copies/reproduce work.
• Distribute copies of work.
• Publicly perform work.
• Publicly display work.
HOW CAN I TELL IF SOMETHING IS
COPYRIGHTED?
• If you see the copyright symbol, you
know there is a claim of copyright.
• If you see an FBI warning, you know
there is copyright protection.
• Absence of the notice is not
permission to copy.
©
WHY IS IT WRONG TO COPY AN
ARTIST’S WORK WITHOUT
PERMISSION?
CONSEQUENCES OF PIRACY
•Cancellation of your
family’s internet account.
•Fines.
•Jail.
Brianna LaHara’s Story
• 12 year old honors
student.
• Downloaded music
from Kazaa.
• Her mother paid for
Kazaa, so she thought it
was ok.
• She was sued, and her
mother settled the case
for $2,000 and an
apology.
Jammie Thomas-Rasset
• Mother of four in Minnesota.
• She was accused of downloading
24 songs from Kazaa.
• Jammie told the Court that she did
not download the songs.
• At the conclusion of her second
trial, she was fined 1.9 million
dollars or $62,500 per song.
• It would have cost $24 to legally
download the 24 songs on iTunes.
Fredrik Neij, Gottfrid Svartholm, and
Peter Sunde
• The Pirate Bay was a website
that helped people
throughout the world steal
copyrighted material.
• The website was closed, and
the founders of Pirate Bay
website were sentenced to
jail time and ordered to pay
6.7 million dollars.
ANTI-PIRACY TECHNOLOGY
• Microsoft, Sony, Nintendo, and others have
security technologies that prevent people
from illegally copying their games and
videos.
• These technologies are sometimes referred
to as digital rights management or “DRM”.
• It is illegal to use a technology or a program
of any kind to get around or avoid the antipiracy protections on DVDs, CDs, games,
etc.
Example of Illegally Going Around
DRM Technology
• Pirates may add a “modchip” to their video
game consoles such as Playstation or Xbox.
• These modchips void the technologies that
protect against illegal copying, region coding,
and other digital rights management.
• Courts have found those who sell modchips
responsible for violating federal laws.
• Sony Computer Entertainment America v. Divineo, Inc., 457 F. Supp. 2d
957 (N.D. Cal. 2006)
PIRACY AND APPS
• Pirates use websites to distribute “cracked
apps,” in other words, smart phone or tablet
applications that have been reconfigured to
allow unlimited copying.
• Using these pirated apps normally requires
“jailbreaking” the iPhone or other smart
phone and downloading Cydia.
• The sites used by pirates are always changing
because they are often shutdown my law
enforcement.
• Pirating apps is against the law and has the
same penalties as copying music.
Anti-Piracy Technology
• Internet service providers (ISP) help movie
and record companies identify piracy by
tracking internet usage.
• Using your internet protocol address, the ISP
can figure out where you live and what you
have downloaded.
• Your ISP may cancel your family’s account if
it suspects internet piracy.
HOW IS DOWNLOADING A SONG WITHOUT
THE ARTIST’S PERMISSION SIMILAR TO
SHOPLIFTING A CD OR SNEAKING INTO A
MOVIE WITHOUT A TICKET?
EXAMPLES OF WEBSITES OR METHODS FOR
PIRACY
Examples of Places to Legally Download or
Stream Works on the Internet
“FAIR USE” IN COPYRIGHT LAW
• Generally, when using a copyrighted work for educational
and not-for-profit purposes it is okay to use a copy.
• Four considerations are balanced to determine if it is fair
to use a copy without paying for the copyrighted work.
1. The purpose of making the copy. (Is it for a commercial
good or for educational purposes?)
2. The nature of the work. (Has the work been published? Is
it non-fiction or fiction?)
3. The amount of the work used. (Was there only one
paragraph in a twenty page paper copied?)
4. The effect on the potential market for the work. (Does
copying the work reduce the likelihood someone will pay
for the work?)
WHAT IS HACKING?
• To gain access to a computer
illegally.
• Guessing email and Facebook
passwords is a form of
hacking.
Sarah Palin’s
Email Hacked
• In 2008, David Kernell, a 24 year old college
student guessed the email password of Sarah
Palin.
• He took her emails and distributed them
without her permission.
• He was convicted of unauthorized access to a
protected computer and destroying records to
impede a federal investigation.
• He served 11 months in jail.
Florida man hacks celebrity emails
• Christopher Chaney, a 35 year old Florida
resident, hacked the email accounts to
Scarlett Johansson, Christina Aguilera, and
Mila Kunis.
• In 2012, he plead guilty to nine felony
counts including unauthorized access to a
computer and wiretapping.
• He faces up to 60 years in prison.
• He guessed the celebrities’ email
passwords by studying their life in
magazines and twitter.
• Remember to protect yourself from
hackers by using secure passwords.
Hacking Facebook Accounts
• In 2010, a California teen received a text message
with a classmate’s email password.
• He logged into her email and changed her
Facebook password.
• He then changed her profile description, sent
messages to male classmates, and posted on her
wall in a vulgar manner.
• He was charged with identity theft.
• He was found guilty and put in juvenile detention.
CONCLUSIONS
• Piracy and hacking are illegal and can result in
punishment from your school, your parents
and even the police.
• What that we talked about today did you
already know?
• What didn’t you already know?
• What shocked you?
• What would you want to tell someone else?

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