Kevin Li & Nick DiPreta • Hydrogen is three times as energy dense as natural gas but less than double the cost. • Hydrogen fuel cell emission is pure water • The fundamental question of this study was whether or not temperature and the flow rate, in the water gas shift reaction, through the packed bed reactor would have an effect on the percentage of carbon monoxide converted, and thus the hydrogen produced. Gas composition (34% CO 66% H2) Water Gas Shift Reaction with CuZnO catalyst 175°C (n=4) 200°C (n=4) 225°C (n=4) 5ccm 10ccm 15ccm Gas Analysis Catalyst Analysis Original Configuration. Taken by authors. Fixed Configuration. Taken by authors. Gas Composition 80 Gas Composition % 70 60 50 40 Blue- Hydrogen Red- Carbon Monoxide Green- Carbon Dioxide 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 Temperature 4 • Increased hydrogen percentage was result of increased residence time. • The CuZnO catalyst was most active around 225 (degrees) • Testing Pt/Ce Catalyst • Testing catalyst in Fluidized Bed Reactor • Testing with use of exact biomass gasification output • Dr. Hazem Tawfik of Farmingdale University, Institute of Resource and Technology Transfer • Mr. Peter Guastella of Manhasset High School • • • • • • • • • • • Abdulhamid, Hussam, Simone Albertazzia, Francesco Basilea, Jan Brandin, Mehri Sanati, and Ferruccio Trifirò. "Clean Hydrogen-rich Synthesis Gas." CHRISGAS (2007). Print. Charumaneeroj, Shane C. "Evaluation of Copper Zinc Oxide Catalyst for Removal of Carbon Monoxide for Production of High-Purity Hydrogen in a Packed-bed Reactor."Office of Science, Faculty and Student Team (FaST) Program (2011). Print. Ciferno, Jared P., and John J. Marano. “Benchmarking Biomass Gasification Technologies for Fuels, Chemicals and Hydrogen Production.” U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (2002). Print. Guo Ping-Jun, Liang-Feng Chen, Guo-Bin Yu, Yuan Zhu, Ming-Hua Qiao *, Hua-Long Xu, Kang-Nian Fan *. "Cu/ZnObased Water–gas Shift Catalysts in Shut-down/start-up Operation." Elsevier.com. Elsevier, 20 Jan. 2009. Web. Logan BE. Peer Reviewed: Extracting Hydrogen and Electricity from Renewable Resources. A Roadmap For Establishing Sustainable Processes. Environ Sci Technol (2004). Print. Maroño, M., J. M. Sánchez, and E. Ruiz. "Hydrogen-rich Gas Production from Oxygen Pressurized Gasification of Biomass Using a Fe-Cr WAter Gas Shift Catalyst." Science Direct 35 (2010). Print. Pereira, Alexandre. "Evaluation of the Low Temperature Slurry Catalyst, Copper Zinc Oxide, in the Conversion of Carbon Monoxide Using the Water Gas Shift Reaction." Office of Science, Faculty and Student Team (FaST) (2011). Print. Rajvanshi, Anil K. “BIOMASS GASIFICATION” Alternative Energy in Agriculture. Vol. 2. Maharashtra: CRC, 1988. 83102. Print. Tanaka, Yohei, Toshimasa Utaka, Ryuji Kikuchi, Kazunari Sasaki, and Koichi Eguchi. "Water Gas Shift Reaction over Cu-based Mixed Oxides for CO Removal from the Reformed Fuels." Science Direct (2002). Print. Turare, Chandrakant. “Overview of Gasification Technology.” Biomass Gasification. ARTES Institute, University of Flensburg, July 1999. Web. Utaka Toshimasa, Koshi Sekizawa, Koichi Eguchi ∗. "CO Removal by Oxygen-assisted Water Gas Shift Reaction over Supported Cu Catalysts." Applied Catalysis(2000): 21-26. Print.