Clavicle fracture operative treatment(MIPO) Department of Orthopaedic surgery Inha University Hospital Kwon Dae Gyu, M.D. Epidemiology 2~5% of all fracture 35~44% of shoulder girdle injury Incidence: 29~64명/10만 Mid 69~82%, lateral 21~28%, medial 2~3% Various treatment options Conservative treatment Intramedullary nailing Open reduction & internal fixation c plating Conservative Tx Nonunion rate< 1% 수술적 치료시 불유합: 3times 환자의 만족도 Stanley D. The mechanism of clavicular fracture. JBJS Br 1988 Andersen K. Treatment of clavicular fracture. Acta ortho Scan 1987. Eskola. Outcome of clavicular fracture in 89 patients. Arch ortho Trau sur. 1986 Neer. Nonunion of the clavicle. JAMA.1960 Conservative vs Operative JOT 2005 2144 명을 대상으로 한 metaanalysis Nonunion rate: op 2.2% vs nonop 5.9% (displaced fx.: 15.1%) Conservative vs Operative JBJS 2007 132 patients( non-op 65, op 67) Radiographic union: 28.4wks vs 16.4wks Nonunion: 7 vs 2 Symptomatic malunion: 9 vs 0 Functional score: improved in op group at all time point Adolescents often have high functional demands Remodeling potential is limited Surgical Indication 개방형 골절 신경 혈관의 손상이 동반 다발성 손상 부유 견관절, 피부의 tenting 젊고 활동적인 환자에서 단축이 1.5cm 이 상 심한 외관상의 문제 더 좋은 기능적 결과를 빠른 시간내에 얻 길 원하는 경우 Minimal Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis(MIPO) - clavicle Advantage 수술절개가 작다-미용적으로 우수 골막 및 연부조직의 박리가 적다 -생리학적으로 골유합에 유리 생역학적으로 강력한 고정력 Operative technique position Operative technique Design Operative technique 2-small incision Operative technique Reduction technique – Reduction forcep I Operative technique Reduction technique – Reduction forceps II Operative technique Reduction technique – Temporary external fixator Operative technique Reduction technique – Temporary external fixator Operative technique Reduction technique – IM nail(TEN) Operative technique Reduction technique – Mixed or miniopen Operative technique Pitfalls – Care should be exercised when using sharp tools such as drill bits, Schanz screws, and K-wires in this region in order to avoid injury to the lung, vessels, and the brachial plexus. – Tunneling should be done with care so that the periosteum is not stripped off from the bone. – Rotational malalignment may occur during fracture reduction and should be corrected before definitive fracture fixation takes place. Postop management ROM start early Load-bearing activities should be delayed until there are radiological signs of fx healing Case 1 M/19 Case 1 M/19 Postop Case 1 M/19 Postop 3M Case 2 M/24 Case 2 M/24 Postop Case 2 M/24 Postop 3M Case 3 M/18 Case 3 M/18 Postop Case 4 F/23 Initial Case 4 F/23 TD 1wk Case 4 F/23 TD 2wks Case 4 F/23 Postop Case 4 F/23 Postop 2M Other Case M/25 감사합니다.