File - 2014 Trauma Informed Care Conference

Trauma: The Silent Storm that
Impacts us All” Conference,
Jackson Convention Complex
Jackson, MS
September 9 – 11, 2014
Wise Words
"The events which
transpired five thousand
years ago; five years ago
or five minutes ago, have
determined what will
happen five minutes from
now; five years from now
or five thousand years
from now. All history is a
current event."
- Dr John Henrik Clarke
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
Psycho-Social Historical Trauma:
Real or Myth?
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
African Americans
Mental Illness Stigma
Mental Health in the
African American
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
I remember when, I remember, I remember when I lost my mind
There was something so pleasant about that place
Even your emotions had an echo in so much space, yeah
When you're out there, Without care, yeah, I was out of touch
But it wasn't because I didn't know enough, I just knew too much
Does that make me crazy? Does that make me crazy? Does that make me
Now I hope that you are having the time of your life
But think twice, yeah, that's my only advice...Yeah
Come on now, who do you, who do you, who do you
Who do you think you are ? Ha ha ha, bless your soul
You really think you're in control
My heros had the choiced to lose there lives out on a limb
And all I remember is thinking....I want to be like them
Ever since I was little, ever since I was little well it looked like fun
It was no coincidence we've come....And I can die when I'm done
But maybe we're crazy
Does that make me crazy?....Does that make me crazy?
Access to Care
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, African Americans and
other diverse communities are underserved by the nation’s mental health
system. For example, one out of three African Americans who need mental
health care receives it. Compared to the general population, African Americans
are more likely to stop treatment early and are less likely to receive follow-up
Despite recent efforts to improve mental health services for African Americans
and other culturally diverse groups, barriers remain in access to and quality of
care from, insurance coverage to culturally competent services. For those with
insurance, coverage for mental health services and substance use disorders is
substantially lower than coverage for other medical illnesses such as
hypertension and diabetes
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
Murder Rate for Black Americans Is Four
Times the National Average
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
In 1985, former Surgeon General C. Everett
Koop declared violence to be a public health
issue. In 2000, former Surgeon General David
Satcher released a report declaring youth
violence a threat to public health and called for
federal, state, local and private entities to invest
in research to inform intervention programs.
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
Psychology and Culture of
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
Psychology and Culture of
Violence may not be used in every
situation. However, it is frequently an
expected response so much so that
aggression/violence is a pervasive
way of life.
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
Psychology and Culture of
• The prevailing global and American culture of
aggression and violence
• Consequences of a violent culture on youth
• Indicators of violence: cognitive, psychological,
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
Psychology and Culture of
• Defining your Children; and mulishly testing notions,
definitions, and limits set by others
• Recording and documenting real achievements and
real challenges
• Preventing and intervening in Violence: Planning and
Organizing to benefit your child and the community
Dynamics of Family
abusive families tend to be socially isolated; lack an
extended social network of family and friends for
social, financial and emotional support
Family situation is generally unstable, punctuated by
stormy relationships between adults, an unwanted
child, financial constraints, heavy alcohol or drug
Dynamics of Family
Male abusers or father abusers tend to be
impulsive, immature, frustrated; believe it is
their right as “man of the household” to
dominate the female.
Female abusers or mother abusers tend to be
overstressed, dominated, depressed, and
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
of youth violence
• Aggressive Fantasies
• Attachment to Role Models
• Attributional Bias
• Depression
• Emotional or Psychological Distress
• Ethnic Identity
• Fatalism
• Future Aspirations
• Hopelessness
• Hostility
• Moral Reasoning
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
• Perceptions of Self
• Personal Safety
• Responsibility and Citizenship
• Self-Efficacy, Impulse Control
• Desire of Control, and Coping
• Self-Esteem
• Sense of Caring and Support
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
• Social Consciousness
• Perceived Likelihood of involvement in violence
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
The child who is not raised by its
mother will be raised by the world. ~
African Proverb
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
*Fear AdultHOOD
black males who are denied
*Reject ManHOOD
learn to:
*Disrespect MotherHOOD
*Shun ParentHOOD
*Evades MarriageHOOD
*Sabotage SisterHOOD
*Discourage BrotherHOOD
*Avoid SaintHOOD
*Embraces FalseHOODS
*Dismiss StateHOOD
*Lives in VictimHOOD
will have the LikeliHOOD
to make crime a LiveliHOOD
Dying While Black!
Recognizing Link Between Emotional
Trauma and Youth Violence...
Living in the streets is a call of duty,
Black Ops, pop-pop its always shooting [get down]
Gangsters, cops and robots thinking,
to myself is ever gone stop?
It’s very few role models;
kids live here like “grand theft auto”
Eye for an eye will make you realize,
hood stands for “Hustle obey or die” [or die]!
Living here ain’t fun, man who gave us all these guns?
Some nights got to sleep in the tub.
‘Cause you really never know
where those bullets gonna come from.
have peace when you’re carry aoachpiece,
©2004–13 Alfred
“Coach” Powell
“There are children who wake up to living conditions that are less than
desirable. Perhaps they live in a house where domestic turmoil is
prevalent, or maybe their exposures to criminal and violent acts occur
outside of the home. But the fact remains, if any of the aforementioned
conditions are true, for any child, there is a very real possibility of the
child, much like the soldier, developing various symptoms as a result of
the trauma — PTSD.”…Up until now, our society has dealt with the issue
of youth violence primarily by taking punitive actions, whether the
punishment is handed out at home, school or by the criminal justice
system. But I believe it’s time we abandon a solely reactionary response
to this youth violence epidemic and start to deal with this
proactively.Viewing youth violence from a public health perspective
allows trained professionals to treat the root causes of the violence —
traumas — rather than simply punishing the violent acts that stem from
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell
“Black-on-black crime” has been part of the American
lexicon for decades, but as a specific phenomenon, it’s
no more real than “white-on-white crime.” Unlike the
latter, however, the idea of “black-on-black crime” taps
into specific fears around black masculinity and black
There’s no such
thing as ‘black-onblack’ crime.
©2004–13 Alfred “Coach” Powell
oach Powell

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