1-3-Butadiene

Report
1,3Butadiene
1,3-Butadiene (BD) in our
workplace

Where and how BD is used

How it is stored

Potential for it to
be released
1
BD’s physical hazards

Flammable gas

Explosive peroxides

Fire hazard when exposed to heat,
flame, or strong oxidizers

Release of toxic gases such as
carbon monoxide during a fire
2
BD’s health hazards
 Exposure
from inhalation of gas
or contact with liquid
 Overexposure
can cause
respiratory and eye irritation
 Contact
with liquid BD can
cause burns and frostbite
3a
BD’s acute (short term)
health hazards
Central nervous system effects
 Blurred vision
 Nausea
 Fatigue
 Headache
 Decreased blood pressure
 Decreased pulse rate
 Unconsciousness

3b
BD’s chronic (long term)
health hazards
 Cancers
of the
lymphohematopoietic system
 Lymphoma
 Leukemia
 Potential reproductive toxicity
3c
OSHA regulation of 1,3Butadiene

Written hazard communication
program

Informed employees

Labeled containers

MSDSs available
4a
OSHA regulation of 1,3Butadiene
 Time-weighted
average (TWA)
permissible exposure limit (PEL)
is 1 part per million (ppm)
 Short-term
exposure limit
(STEL) is 5 ppm
4b
OSHA regulation of 1,3Butadiene
 Action
level is 0.5 ppm as an 8hour TWA
 Meeting
or exceeding action
level requires additional
standards to be followed
 Access
to BD
standard
4c
Material safety data
sheets (MSDS)
 Where
they are kept
 What
information
is included
5
Labeling requirements
for containers of BD
 All
BD containers must have
legible labels and contain the
following information
6
Exposure monitoring to
determine employee exposures

Monitoring is required unless
objective data demonstrates that BD
will not be released in levels at or
above the action level or above the
STEL
7a
Exposure monitoring to
determine employee exposures
 Affected
employees and their
representatives have the right
to observe any exposure
monitoring
 Affected
employees must be
informed of monitoring results
within 5 working days of receipt
7b
Exposure monitoring to
determine employee exposures

Within 15 working days of receipt of
results, employees must be informed
of the corrective actions being taken
to reduce any exposures to below
the PEL or STEL
7c
Engineering controls
limit exposure to BD
 Examples
of engineering
controls used in our workplace
8
Work practices and
procedures
 Never
eat, drink, or smoke
where BD is used, stored, or
handled
 Do
not keep food, beverages, or
smoking materials in these
areas
9a
Proper storage and
handling
 Tightly
close cylinders and
containers
 Protect
cylinders from damage
 Outside
or detached storage is
preferred
 Inside
storage should be in a
cool, dry, well-ventilated,
noncombustible area
9b
Proper storage and
handling
 BD
in storage should be
checked for proper inhibitor
content, for self-polymerization,
and for formation of peroxides
when in contact with air and
iron
 Avoid
contact with copper and
copper alloys. Explosive copper
compounds can form
9c
Proper storage and
handling
 Store
away from flammables,
combustible materials, and
oxidizing materials
 Store
away from sources of
ignition
 Store
cylinders vertically
9d
Work practices and
procedures



All electrical installations and
equipment used in areas where BD is
present must be rated for a Class I
hazardous location
Waste BD is classified as a
hazardous waste due to its
flammability characteristics
Other safe work practices at our
facility
9e
Regulated area
 An
area where the exposure or
potential exposure to BD
exceeds 1 ppm as an 8-hour
TWA or 5 ppm as a 15-minute
STEL
10
Signs posted to mark
regulated areas
 Limit
entry into regulated areas
 Prohibit
drinking
smoking, eating, and
11a
Signs posted to mark
regulated areas
 Warn
of BD’s potential cancer
hazard
11b
Signs posted to mark
regulated areas
 Alert
employees that
respiratory protection is
required when exposure may
exceed the PELs for 8-hour TWA
or STEL
11c
Personal protective equipment
(PPE) requirements

Necessary if the use of engineering
and work-practice controls does not
reduce exposure to levels at or
below BD’s PELs

Employees are required to use it
properly

Our PPE requirements
12
Respiratory protection
required
 When
exposure exceeds 1 ppm
as an 8-hour TWA or 5 ppm as a
15-minute STEL
 During
installation or set up of
engineering and work-practice
controls
13a
Respiratory protection
required
 During
non-routine, infrequent
operations when exposures are
limited in duration
 In
operations where engineering
and work-practice controls are
not sufficient to reduce
exposures to or below the PELs
13b
Respiratory protection
 Types
 Care
of respirator we use
of respirators
13c
Medical screening and
surveillance program schedule



When exposure to BD is at or above
the action level on 30 or more days a
year
When exposure to BD is at or above
the PELs for 10 days or more a year
Following an emergency situation
14a
Medical screening and
surveillance program schedule
 Annual
health questionnaire and
complete blood count (CBC)
 Initial
physical examination if
12 months have elapsed since
the last physical conducted as
part of a BD exposure
14b
Medical screening and
surveillance program schedule

Physical examination before
assuming duties with BD exposure

Every three years after the initial
physical

Whenever the physician or licensed
medical professional reviewing the
annual health questionnaire and CBC
deem an exam necessary
14c
Medical screening and
surveillance program schedule


Upon reassignment to an area where
BD exposure is below the action
level and employee’s history does
not meet the criteria for continued
medical screening and surveillance
At termination of employment if 12
months or more have elapsed since
the last physical examination
14d
Medical screening and
surveillance program schedule
 Within
48 hours of an
emergency situation
 Periodical
determination of
fitness to wear respirator and
perform the job when
respirators are required
14e
Medical screening
components
 Baseline
health questionnaire,
which is updated annually
 Complete
physical examination
with special emphasis on the
liver, spleen, lymph
nodes, and skin
14f
Medical screening
components
 CBC
 Tests
deemed necessary by the
examining physician or licensed
health care
professional
14g
Medical screening
written evaluation



Occupationally pertinent results
A medical opinion on whether BD
exposure would place the
employee’s health at increased risk
Recommended limitations on the
employee’s exposure to BD
14h
Medical screening
written evaluation
 Statement
that the employee
has been informed of the
results of the medical
evaluation
 Retained
for the employee’s
length of employment plus 30
years
14i
Emergency situations
 Written
plan
 Evacuation
 Emergency
response
duties
15
First aid procedures
 Eye
contact – Flush the eyes
with large amounts of water
 Skin
contact – Remove all
contaminated clothing and flush
the affected area with
large amounts of
warm water
16a
First aid procedures
 Inhalation
– Move the person to
fresh air immediately (if you can
do so without endangering
yourself).
• If breathing has stopped, summon
emergency medical assistance
and perform cardiopulmonary
resuscitation (if you are trained)
16b
First aid procedures
 In
all cases, obtain prompt
medical attention for serious
injuries
16c
BD exposure goal
program
 Leak
prevention, detection, and
repair
 Maintenance
ventilation
of local exhaust
 The
use of pump exposure
control technology
17a
BD exposure goal
program
 The
use of gauging devices
 Unloading
devices that limit
employee exposure
 Other
engineering controls
17b

similar documents