ISO 9001

Report
Tonight’s Presentation
Overview of
Systems Engineering
Standards
Joe Vandeville
Geoff Draper
March 7, 2013
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
1
Agenda – SE Standards Overview
 What are standards?
 Overview of standards bodies
 ISO, ANSI, EIA, GEIA (Tech America), IEEE, IEC, …
 Key Standards applicable to Systems Engineering
 ISO/IEC 15288; ISO/IEC 12207; ISO 9001; AS9100
 ANSI/EIA 632
 INCOSE SE Handbook
 Harmonization of SE standards
 Acquisition reform and revitalization
 DoD standards initiatives
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
References and Acknowledgments
 NDIA Systems Engineering Division
DoD Systems Engineering References meeting, Jan 15, 2013
Briefing: “Harmonizing Processes Across the Defense Industry: Approach and
Roadmap”, Garry Roedler, NDIA Systems Engineering Division.
http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/SystemsEngineering/Documents/Past%20Meetings/January%2
015%202013/Harmonization-Key_SE_Resources-Jan2013.pptx
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See slides for additional references for other SE standards
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
Agenda – SE Standards Overview
 What are standards?
 Overview of standards bodies
 ISO, ANSI, EIA, GEIA (Tech America), IEEE, IEC, …
 Key Standards applicable to Systems Engineering
 ISO/IEC 15288; ISO/IEC 12207; ISO 9001; AS9100
 ANSI/EIA 632
 INCOSE SE Handbook
 Harmonization of SE standards
 Acquisition reform and revitalization
 DoD standards initiatives
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What are Standards?
 What is a Standard
 Documented agreements containing technical specifications or other
precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or
definitions of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products,
processes and services are fit for their purpose.
 Example
 The format of the credit cards, phone cards, and "smart" cards that
have become commonplace is derived from an ISO International
Standard. Adhering to the standard, which defines such features as
an optimal thickness (0.76 mm), means that the cards can be used
worldwide.
 International Standards thus contribute to making life simpler, and to
increasing the reliability and effectiveness of the goods and services we
use.
“The nice thing about standards is that you have so many to choose from.“
Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 2nd ed., p. 254
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
Key SE Related Standards & Guides
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
6
Agenda – SE Standards Overview
 What are standards?
 Overview of standards bodies
 ISO, ANSI, EIA, GEIA (Tech America), IEEE, IEC, …
 Key Standards applicable to Systems Engineering
 ISO/IEC 15288; ISO/IEC 12207; ISO 9001; AS9100
 ANSI/EIA 632
 INCOSE SE Handbook
 Harmonization of SE standards
 Acquisition reform and revitalization
 DoD standards initiatives
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is ISO?
 ISO – International Organization for Standardization (so why isn’t it
IOS?)
 ISO is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from more
than 140 countries, one from each country.
 ISO is a non-governmental organization established in 1947. The
mission of ISO is to promote the development of standardization and
related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international
exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the
spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity.
Every working day of the year, an average of eight
technical meetings take place somewhere in the world
http://www.iso.ch/iso/en/ISOOnline.frontpage
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO Technical Committees
 ISO Technical Committees
 Each Technical Committee (TC) has a number and can contain
subcommittees (SC) and working groups (WG).
 The ISO technical/project committees are assigned numbers in order of
their establishment, from TC 1 (1947) to PC 278 (2013)
 There are two joint technical committees
 JTC1: Information technology (1987) – ISO/IEC
 JTC2: Energy efficiency and renewable energy sources - Common
terminology (2009)
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO Technical Committees
 For example JTC 1, is the Technical Committee for standardization in
the field of information technology. The following are the subcommittees
in JTC 1:
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JTC 1/SC 2 Coded character sets
JTC 1/SC 6 Telecommunications and information exchange between systems
JTC 1/SC 7 Software and system engineering
JTC 1/SC 11 Flexible magnetic media for digital data interchange
JTC 1/SC 17 Cards and personal identification
JTC 1/SC 22 Programming languages, their environments and system software interfaces
JTC 1/SC 23 Optical disk cartridges for information interchange
JTC 1/SC 24 Computer graphics and image processing
JTC 1/SC 25 Interconnection of information technology equipment
JTC 1/SC 27 IT Security techniques
JTC 1/SC 28 Office equipment
JTC 1/SC 29 Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information
JTC 1/SC 31 Automatic identification and data capture techniques
JTC 1/SC 32 Data management and interchange
JTC 1/SC 34 Document description and processing languages
JTC 1/SC 35 User interfaces
JTC 1/SC 36 Learning technology
JTC 1/SC 37 Biometrics
JTC 1/SC 38 Distributed application platforms and services (DAPS)
JTC 1/SC 39 Sustainability for and by Information Technology
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO Technical Committees
 JTC 1/SC7, the subcommittee for software and system engineering
includes the following working groups:
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JTC 1/SC 7/WG 2 System software documentation
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 4 Tools and environment
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 6 Evaluation and metrics
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 7 Life cycle management
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 9 Software integrity
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 10 Process assessment
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 12 Functional size measurement
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 13 Process measurement framework
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 17 ODP - Enterprise language
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 18 Quality management
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 19 Open distributed processing and modeling languages
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 20 Software Engineering Body of Knowledge
JTC 1/SC 7/WG 21 Software assessment management
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
Overview of the SC 7 Standards Collection
Life Cycle Processes
Governance
Assessment and
Certification
9001
Life
15288
Cycle
Quality System
38500
Foundation
24765
Vocabulary
24774
12207
24748-2
Governance
Process
Assessment
24748-3
24748-4
19770-1,5,8
90003
Life Cycle
Management
90005
42010
42030
15504
330xx
29169
Asset Mgmt
Software
Engineering
Systems
Engineering
Architecture
20000
Process Description
BOK and
Professionalization
16337
19759
BOK
24773
29154
15289
26511
26512
26513
26514
26515
29110
Life Cycle
Management
Very Small
Entities
Requirements
Documentation
90006
29119
14764
16326
Testing
Software
Maintenance
Project
Mgmt
15026
16085
15939
29155
Risk and
Integrity
Measurement
9126
14598
14756
Software
Quality
25000
Series
(20 Parts)
Software
Quality
SQuaRE
14143
19761
20926
20968
24570
29881
Software Functional
Size Measurement
Implementation and Assessment
3535, 5806
5807, 8631
8790, 11411
12182, 14759
SC7 Legacy Standards
DoD interest
24748-1
29148
Certification
Tools and
Methods
IT Service
Management
Product
Characteristics
14102, 14471
15940, 18018
23026, 24766
26500, 26501
Tools, Methods, and
Environment
10746, 13235
14750, 14752
14753, 14769
14771, 15414
19500
19770-2,3,6,7
8807, 15437
15909, 19501,
19505, 19793
24744, 19505,
19507
14568
15474
15475
15476
19506
Modeling
Interchange
Specifications
Version 16.3 May-2012
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is the IEC?
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The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is an organization of 50
countries, created "to promote international cooperation on all questions of
standardization and related matters, such as the verification of conformity to
standards, in the fields of electricity, electronics and related technologies and
thus promote international understanding." IEC does this by issuing
publications, including international standards.
IEC's scope is specifically electrotechnology (the electrical and electronic
engineering fields). ISO standardizes all the other types of technology
If the relative contribution of electrical and non-electrical technologies is not
immediately evident, jurisdiction is settled by mutual agreement
For example, on information technology standards, such as computer
communications, ISO and IEC have formed a Joint Technical Committee
Number One, JTC1. Other areas of cooperation include the environment, safety
and electromagnetic radiation
ISO and IEC together form a system for international
standardization as a whole
www.iec.ch/
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is ANSI?
 ANSI – American National Standards Institute (1918)
 A private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the
U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system.
 The only accreditor of U.S. voluntary consensus standards developing
organizations
 The Institute's mission is to enhance both the global competitiveness of
U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating
voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems,
and safeguarding their integrity.
 ANSI is the official U.S. representative to the International Accreditation
Forum (IAF), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
and, via the U.S. National Committee, the International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC). ANSI is also the U.S. member of the Pacific Area
Standards Congress (PASC) and the Pan American Standards
Commission (COPANT).
ANSI is the official U.S. representative to ISO
www.ansi.org/
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is the USNC?
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US National Committee
Only countries, not standards bodies, can be members of IEC and ISO.
Therefore, standards bodies need to work through a member country
organization when proposing international standards work or making
submissions to IEC or ISO technical committees.
ANSI, the American National Standards Institute, is the only dues paying U.S.
member organization to ISO (ANSI is a founding member of ISO).
The U.S. member to the IEC is the United States National Committee to the IEC
(USNC). The ANSI interface with the IEC is through the USNC. In fact, the
USNC is located at ANSI in New York.
The USNC insists that IEC Standards are based on the principles of the World
Trade Organization / Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO/TBT) agreement. The
USNC also insists that the IEC adopts the concepts of valid justification, global
relevance, consensus, openness, balance, impartiality, transparency, due
process (including prompt appeal), flexibility, coherence and timeliness among
IEC member countries in the work of the IEC..
ANSI interfaces with the IEC is through the USNC
www.ansi.org/usnc/
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is the EIA?
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EIA was a national trade organization that includes the full spectrum of U.S.
manufacturers, representing more than 80% of the $550 billion electronics industry
The EIA organization ceased operations in February 2011. It used to be the Electronic
Industries Alliance and before that (1997) the Electronic Industries Association
EIA assigned Electronic Components Association (ECA) maintenance of all existing
interconnect, passive and electro-mechanical (IP&E) and inter-department EIA standards.
EIA also granted ECA the rights to develop new IP&E electronic component standards
under the ANSI-designation of EIA standards. All other electronic components standards
will be managed by their respective sectors.
ECA joined the Electronic Components Industry Association (ECIA) with National
Electronic Distributors Association (NEDA). However, the EIA standards brand will
continue for IP&E standards within ECIA.
 CEA – The Consumer Electronics Association
 GEIA – The Government Electronics and Information Technology Association
(became TechAmerica in 2009)
 JEDEC – The JEDEC Solid State Technology Association
 TIA – The Telecommunications Industry Association
www.eciaonline.org/
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is the EIA?
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ECA holds accreditation rights through ANSI, the American National Standards
Institute, under the mark "EIA". Any standards committee choosing to develop
an American National Standard may process the work through the ECA
accreditation.
The ECA Standards and Technology Department oversees the ECA's presence
in the global standards-setting arena by managing a number of Technical
Committee and Subcommittee Secretariats and US Technical Advisory Groups
(TAGs) sponsored by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and
the Joint Technical Committee on Information Technology (JTC1) that is a
combined effort of the IEC and the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO).
www.eciaonline.org/
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
What is the IEEE?
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Professional organization focused on science and education directed toward the
advancement of the theory and practice of Electrical, Electronics,
Communications and Computer Engineering, as well as Computer Science
IEEE produces 30% of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics
engineering and computer science fields
IEEE Standards Association: With an active portfolio of nearly 1,300
standards and projects under development, IEEE is a leading developer of
industry standards in a broad range of technologies.
 Lists of terms, definitions, or symbols, applicable to any field of science or
technology within the scope of IEEE;
 Expositions of scientific methods of measurement or tests of the parameters
or performance of any device, apparatus, system, or phenomenon
associated with the art, science, or technology of any field within the scope
of IEEE;
 Characteristics, performance, and safety requirements associated with
devices, equipment, and systems with engineering installations; and/or
 Recommendations reflecting current state-of-the-art in the application of
engineering principles to any field of technology within the scope of IEEE.
www.ieee.org
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
IEEE Standards Process
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IEEE standards follow a well-defined path from concept to completion, guided
by a set of five basic principles: due process, openness, consensus, balance
and right of appeal. These imperatives ensure fairness and good standards
practice during the development cycle, and help validate approved standards
U.S. Department of Justice has held that standards organizations
are responsible for the actions of their standards developers
http://standards.ieee.org/develop/process.html
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
How is INCOSE Involved?
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INCOSE has a Technical Board that is the strategic planning and management body for
the technical community. Reporting to this Board are a number of Technical Committees,
one of which is the Standards Technical Committee (STC). The goal of this Committee is
to encourage, guide, and assess INCOSE’s participation in standards activities. This
includes coordination of INCOSE’s review of standards and dissemination of information
on standards and standardization activities.
The STC and Technical Board maintain liaison with a number of standards organizations
 GEIA SSTC G-47 - Government Electronics & Information Technology Association,
Systems, Standards & Technology Council, Systems Engineering Committee.
 ISO JTC1/SC7 - International Organization for Standardization, Joint Technical
Committee, Subcommittee for Software and System Engineering
In addition, the STC maintains liaison with the Object Management Group (OMG), the
National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA), the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA),
the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and subject matter experts
from around the world. Some of the international standards that STC is involved with are:
ISO 15288 (System Life Cycle Processes), ISO 15504 (Systems Engineering Capability
Model), and ISO 10303-AP233 (STEP, Systems Engineering Data Exchange)
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
INCOSE Products
http://g2sebok.incose.org/
http://www.incose.org/ProductsPubs/products
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
21
Agenda – SE Standards Overview
 What are standards?
 Overview of standards bodies
 ISO, ANSI, EIA, GEIA (Tech America), IEEE, IEC, …
 Key Standards applicable to Systems Engineering
 ISO/IEC 15288; ISO/IEC 12207; ISO 9001; AS9100
 ANSI/EIA 632
 INCOSE SE Handbook
 Harmonization of SE standards
 Acquisition reform and revitalization
 DoD standards initiatives
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
http://www.incose.org/stc/index.html
ISO/IEC
12207
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 Systems Engineering – System Life Cycle Processes
 Covers systems life cycle from conception to
retirement/disposal
 Major process groups: Enterprise, Agreement,
Project, Technical
 Major technical processes: Stakeholder
Agreements, Requirements Analysis, Architectural
Design, Implementation, Integration, Verification,
Transition, Validation, Operation & Maintenance,
Disposal
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 Processes and Structure
Quality Assurance
Measurement
Project Planning
Assessment
& Control
Planning
Assessment Project
& Control
Measurement
Decision Mgt.
Risk Management
Stakeholder
Bus
& Mission Analysis
Requirements
Stakeholder Needs & Reqts
Definition
Configuration Mgt.
Validation
Validation
Transition
Transition
System Reqts
Def.
Requirements
Analysis
Verification
Verification
Architecture Def
Architectural Design
Integration
Integration
Design Def
Implementation
Implementation
System
Analysis
Information Mgt.
Project
processes
Operation
Operation
Maintenance
Maintenance
Disposal
Disposal
Technical
processes
Tailoring
Life Cycle Model Mgt.
Hardware Implementation
Software Implementation
Refer to ISO/IEC 12207
Human Task
Implementation
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:
-Comprehensive – most orgs & domains
-Has 26 Processes in 4 Process Groups
-Includes interaction of project & org.
-Full life cycle – stages – holistic view
-Based on proven practices
Infrastructure Mgt.
Mgt.
Infrastructure
Project Portfolio Mgt.
Project Portfolio Mgt.
Human Resource Mgt.
Human Resource Mgt.
Quality Mgt.
Organizational
Project Enabling
Processes
Quality Mgt.
Knowledge
Mgt.
Acquisition
Supply
Agreement
processes
Source: Adapted from ISO/IEC JTCI/SC7/WG7
presentation on ISO/IEC 15288.
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
IEEE/EIA 12207 - Software Life Cycle Processes
 Covers software life cycle from concept of ideas to
retirement
 Primary processes: Acquisition, Supply,
Development, Operation, Maintenance
 Supporting processes: Verification, Validation,
Configuration Management, Quality Assurance, . . .
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO/IEC 12207 Software Life Cycle Processes
Primary Processes
Organizational
Processes
Support Processes
Documentation
Acquisition
Management
Supply
Infrastructure
Configuration
Management
Quality
Assurance
Development
Improvement
Operation
Verification
Validation
Training
Maintenance
Joint Review
Audit
Problem Resolution
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ANSI/EIA-632 - Processes for Engineering a System
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Provides an integrated set of fundamental processes to aid a developer in
engineering or reengineering a system
Developed as an industry standard when the DoD determined in 1994 that MILSTD-499B would not be released as a military standard
Covers:
 Technical Management – Planning, Assessment of Progress, Control
 Acquisition & Supply
 System Design – Requirements Definition, Solution Definition
 Product Realization – Implementation, Transition to Use
 Technical Evaluation – System Analysis, Requirements Validation, System
Verification, End Product Validation
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
EIA-632 System Engineering Taxonomy
Technical
Management
Acquisition and
Supply
Planning Process
Supply Process
Product Realization
Implementation
Process
Transition to Use
Assessment Process
Acquisition Process
Technical Evaluation
Control Process
Outcomes
Management
Information
Dissemination
System Design
Requirements
Definition
Solution Definition
Systems Analysis
Process
Requirements
Validation Process
System Verification
Process
End Products
Validation Process
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
ISO 9001:2008 - Quality Management Systems
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The ISO 9000 family of standards (developed in 1987) is related to quality management systems and
designed to help organizations ensure that they meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders
while meeting statutory and regulatory requirements related to the product.
Sections
 Section 1: Scope
 Section 2: Normative Reference
 Section 3: Terms and definitions (specific to ISO 9001, not specified in ISO 9000)
 Section 4: Quality Management System
 Section 5: Management Responsibility
 Section 6: Resource Management
 Section 7: Product Realization
 Section 8: Measurement, analysis and improvement
The standard specifies that the organization shall issue and maintain the following six documented
procedures:
 Control of Documents (4.2.3)
 Control of Records (4.2.4)
 Internal Audits (8.2.2)
 Control of Nonconforming Product / Service (8.3)
 Corrective Action (8.5.2)
 Preventive Action (8.5.3)
In addition to these procedures, ISO 9001:2008 requires the organization to document any other
procedures required for its effective operation. The standard also requires the organization to issue and
communicate a documented quality policy, a Quality Manual (which may or may not include the
documented procedures) and numerous records, as specified throughout the standard.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_9000
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
AS 9100 - Quality Management Systems
for the Aerospace Industry
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AS9100C (2009)
AS9100 is a widely adopted and standardized quality management system for
the aerospace industry. It was released in October, 1999, by the Society of
Automotive Engineers and the European Association of Aerospace Industries.
AS9100 fully incorporates the entirety of the current version of ISO 9000, while
adding additional requirements relating to quality and safety.
Major aerospace manufacturers and suppliers worldwide require compliance
and/or registration to AS9100 as a condition of doing business with them
This standard is designed to be used by firms in the aviation, space, and
defense industries and can be applied throughout the supply chain. It is
intended for use by organizations that design, develop, and produce aviation,
space, and defense products. It is also intended for use by organizations that
provide post-delivery support. This includes those that provide maintenance,
materials, or spare parts for their own products
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AS9100
http://www.praxiom.com/as9100-intro.htm
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
AS 9100 - Quality Management Systems
for the Aerospace Industry
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7. REALIZATION REQUIREMENTS
 7.1 CONTROL PRODUCT REALIZATION PLANNING -Determine objectives & requirements for
product quality, safety, reliability, availability maintainability, producibility, inspectability, suitability,
disposal
• 7.1.1 -4 ESTABLISH A PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS, A RISK MANAGEMENT
PROCESS, A CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT PROCESS, A WORK TRANSFER
CONTROL PROCESS
 7.2 CONTROL CUSTOMER-RELATED PROCESSES
• 7.2.1 IDENTIFY YOUR UNIQUE PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS
• 7.2.2 REVIEW CUSTOMERS' PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS
• 7.2.3 COMMUNICATE WITH YOUR CUSTOMERS
 7.3 CONTROL PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
• 7.3.1 PLAN PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
• 7.3.2 IDENTIFY DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT INPUTS
• 7.3.3 GENERATE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OUTPUTS
• 7.3.4 CARRY OUT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEWS
• 7.3.5 PERFORM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT VERIFICATIONS
• 7.3.6 CONDUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT VALIDATIONS
– 7.3.6.1 MANAGE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION
TESTING
– 7.3.6.2 DOCUMENT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT VERIFICATIONS AND
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AS9100
VALIDATIONS
http://www.praxiom.com/as9100-intro.htm
 7.3.7 MANAGE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT CHANGES
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
AS 9100 - Quality Management Systems
for the Aerospace Industry
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7. REALIZATION REQUIREMENTS (continued)
7.4 CONTROL PURCHASING AND PURCHASED PRODUCTS
 7.4.1 ESTABLISH CONTROL OF YOUR PURCHASING PROCESS
 7.4.2 SPECIFY YOUR PURCHASING REQUIREMENTS
 7.4.3 VERIFY YOUR PURCHASED PRODUCTS
7.5 CONTROL PRODUCTION AND SERVICE PROVISION
 7.5.1 ESTABLISH CONTROL OF PRODUCTION AND SERVICE
• 7.5.1.1 VERIFY THAT PRODUCTION PROCESS MEETS REQUIREMENTS
• 7.5.1.2 CONTROL CHANGES IN YOUR PRODUCTION PROCESS
• 7.5.1.3 CONTROL EQUIPMENT, TOOLS, AND SOFTWARE PROGRAMS
• 7.5.1.4 PROVIDE POST-DELIVERY SUPPORT
 7.5.2 VALIDATE PRODUCTION AND SERVICE PROVISION
 7.5.3 IDENTIFY AND TRACK YOUR PRODUCTS
 7.5.4 PROTECT PROPERTY SUPPLIED BY CUSTOMERS
 7.5.5 PRESERVE YOUR PRODUCTS AND COMPONENTS
7.6 CONTROL MONITORING AND MEASURING EQUIPMENT
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AS9100
http://www.praxiom.com/as9100-intro.htm
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
Agenda – SE Standards Overview
 What are standards?
 Overview of standards bodies
 ISO, ANSI, EIA, GEIA (Tech America), IEEE, IEC, …
 Key Standards applicable to Systems Engineering
 ISO/IEC 15288; ISO/IEC 12207; ISO 9001; AS9100
 ANSI/EIA 632
 INCOSE SE Handbook
 Harmonization of SE standards
 Acquisition reform and revitalization
 DoD standards initiatives
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
DoD Standardization Initiatives
 Acquisition reform in past decades eliminated many DoD/MIL-STDs that
were often levied on contracts
 DOD-STD-2167A, MIL-STD-498, MIL-STD-1521B, …
 Replaced with industry best practices and commercial standards
 DoD has been re-vitalizing systems engineering practices on defense
programs, led by DASD(SE)
 DoD seeks to restore selected standards and require adherence
contractually in RFPs
 Systems Engineering; Configuration Management; Technical
Reviews/Audits; Manufacturing Development; Logistics
 Plan to leverage existing industry standards
 ISO, IEEE, EIA, etc. with government-specific content added as appendices
if needed. RFIs issued to standards development orgs.
 Likely standards to be applied include:
 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 (SE), 12207 (SW), potentially lower level standards
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG)


Chapter 4: Systems Engineering
 https://acc.dau.mil/dag4
Referenced standards/models:






ISO/IEC 15288, Systems and
Software Engineering – System Life
Cycle Processes
ISO/IEC 12207, Systems and
Software Engineering – Software
Life Cycle Processes
ISO/IEC 26702, Application and
Management of the Systems
Engineering Process
CMMI-DEV, Capability Maturity
Model Integration® for Development
CMMI-ACQ, Capability Maturity
Model Integration® for Acquisition
INCOSE SE Handbook
Technical Management
Processes
Technical Processes
1. Decision Analysis
1. Stakeholder Requirements
Definition
2. Technical Planning
2. Requirements Analysis
3. Technical Assessment
3. Architecture Design
4. Requirements Management
4. Implementation
5. Risk Management
5. Integration
6. Configuration Management
6. Verification
7. Technical Data Management
7. Validation
8. Interface Management
8. Transition
The DAG is also undergoing revision to integrate with DoD policy updates.
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
36
DoD Standardization Initiatives
Standards
•
•
•
Defense Standardization Council (DSC) recognized that
enterprise-wide approaches were needed for certain
systems engineering disciplines
DSC directed the Defense Standardization Program Office
(DSPO) to form working groups to assess existing systems
engineering technical documentation, identify requirements
gaps, and make recommendations
Working groups focused on standards for specific areas:
–
–
–
–
DoD Systems Engineering
2012/06/20 | Page-8
Systems Engineering and Technical Reviews and Audits
Configuration Management
Manufacturing and Quality
Logistics Support Analysis
 DoD seeks to revitalize technical
standards that were removed in
acquisition reform
 Systems Engineering
 Technical Reviews/Audits
 Configuration Management
 Logistics Support
 Manufacturing
 Administered by Defense
Standardization Program Office
 Preference to adopt existing industry
standards where possible
 Working with SDOs to possibly
add DoD-specific appendices, if
necessary
Distribution Statement A – Cleared for public release by OSR on 4/23/12, SR Case #s 12-S-1854 applies.
References: DASD(SE) briefings at NDIA Systems Engineering meetings, http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/SystemsEngineering/Pages/Past_Projects.aspx
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
37
DoD Standards of Interest
ISO/IEC/IEEE STANDARDS OF INTEREST
TO DOD
•
•
•
•
•
15288: Systems Engineering
12207: Software Engineering
24748-1 thru 4: Guides to 15288 and 12207
Architecture Standards: 42010 and 42030
Documentation Standards: 15289 and 26511 thru
26515
• Elaboration Standards
–
–
–
–
–
–
29148: Requirements Engineering
15939: Measurement
16085: Risk Management
29119: SW Testing
16326: Project Management
TBS: Configuration Management
ISO/IEC/IEEE STANDARDS OF INTEREST
TO DOD (CONT.)
• Vocabulary and Bodies of Knowledge
– 24765: Vocabulary
– 16337: SE Handbook
– 19759: Software BoK
• Others:
–
–
–
–
15026: System and Software Assurance
14764: Maintenance
19770: Asset Management
20000: Service Management
 NDIA and other partners are working
with DoD (DASD(SE)) to converge
with industry standards updates
 Likely to be levied in RFPs in the
not too distant future
 Likely candidates for consideration
include:
 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288
 ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207
 EIA 632
 Some of these standards are
currently undergoing revision, and
may harmonize into compatible and
consistent standards
Reference: NDIA DoD SE References Meeting, 15 Jan 2013, NDIA Systems Engineering Division
http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/SystemsEngineering/Documents/Past%20Meetings/January%2015%202013/Harmonization-Key_SE_Resources-Jan2013.pptx
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
38
Recommendations



Obtain at least a high level understanding of applicable SE standards
Monitor DoD SE Standardization and SDO integration efforts
Start preparing your organizations for likely flow down of contractual standards
in RFPs
RELATIONSHIP OF KEY SE RESOURCES
ISO/IEC
JTC1/SC7
INCOSE
Cooperative
Technical
Co-evolution
NATO AAP-48
EIA 632
ISO/IEC/IEEE
15288
Drives lower level
standards and
user documents
Influence
DoD SE Refs
evolution
(DAG: Ch 4, Sys
Assurance, SoSE)
IEEE
Influence
evolution
SEBoK evolutions
gathered through Wiki
SEBoK
SEH evolutions through
new versions
SEBoK
Community of
Users
Propose
evolution
through
comments
SEBoK Joint
Governance
Board
SEBoK Joint
Editorial Board
(SERC/INCOSE/
IEEE)
INCOSE
SE
Handbook
Drives SE
Certification
Maintain
INCOSE
KM WG
Maintain
INCOSE
(SEBoK
WGs
Knowledge
Areas/ Working Groups)
Preliminary – Discussion Ideas Only
CAG
9
Reference: NDIA DoD SE References Meeting, 15 Jan 2013, NDIA Systems Engineering Division
http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/SystemsEngineering/Documents/Past%20Meetings/January%2015%202013/Harmonization-Key_SE_Resources-Jan2013.pptx
Space Coast Chapter of INCOSE – International Council on Systems Engineering
39

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