The Colonies - East Hanover Schools Online

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The Colonies
Remember, some people in England moved to the new American
colony. This was a new place. The English king controlled the American
colonies.
The Colonies
How many colonies
are there?
Where is South
Carolina?
These are the 13
colonies.
The Colonies
The colonies are
divided into 3
regions, or areas.
Northern or New
England Colonies
(red)
Middle Colonies
(orange)
Southern Colonies
(green)
The Northern Colonies
Another name for
the Northern
Colonies is New
England.
There are 4 Northern
Colonies. Can you
name them?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Massachusetts and Maine
New Hampshire
Connecticut
Rhode Island
The Northern Colonies
Economy
How did the Northern Colonies make
money?
1. farming
2. shipbuilding
3. fishing
The Northern Colonies
Farming
New England farms grew
different plants. They also
raised farm animals, too.
Other people bought the food
from the plants and animals.
Some food was shipped back
to England. The food was sold
in Europe.
The Northern Colonies
Fishing
Most of the Northern colonies were on the sea
coast. Fishing became very popular.
What food did people get from the ocean?
different kinds
of fish
lobster
clams
crabs
The Northern Colonies
Shipbuilding
Why did colonists need ships?
Colonists needed ships
to go fishing and
whaling .
Colonists need ships
for traveling.
What were colonial ships made from?
Ships were made from wood and iron.
The Middle Colonies
There are 4 Middle
Colonies. Can you
name them?
1.
2.
3.
4.
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware
The Middle Colonies
Economy
How did the Middle Colonies make
money?
1. farming
2. iron working
The Middle Colonies
Farming
What crops (plants) did the Middle Colonies grow?
wheat and rye
corn
These were the most
important crops!
vegetables
The Middle Colonies
Iron Working
What is iron working?
• Iron working is making tools and other
items with iron.
What things in the colonies were made from iron?
lanterns
candle holders
tools
cooking utensils
pots
nails
The Southern Colonies
There are 5
Southern Colonies.
Can you name
them?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia
The Southern Colonies
Economy
How did the Southern Colonies
make money?
plantations (large farms)
The Southern Colonies
Economy
What is a plantation?
A plantation is a very large farm. One
kind of crop was grown the plantation.
What kind of crops were grown on southern plantations?
cotton
rice
Indigo
Tobacco
The Southern Colonies
Economy
What were the crops used for?
rice
tobacco
cotton
thread
fabric
clothes
Indigo
The indigo plant
is used to make
a dark blue dye.
The dye is used to
color clothing.
The Southern Colonies
Plantations
Plantations were huge farms. Who worked on
the plantation? Who took care of the crops?
slaves
The Southern Colonies
Slaves and Plantations
Slaves were people from Africa. Europeans
sailed to Africa, captured many African
people, and brought them to America.
Slaves were not free. They had to stay on the plantation.
They had to work. Slaves did not earn money. They were
punished if they misbehaved, did not work, or ran away.
Plantations and Small Farms
• Plantations:
– Huge
– Near tidewater, river
or stream
– Like a small village
– Planter’s house was surrounded by horse stables,
workshops gardens, fields and workers’ houses.
– Grew cash crops
– Many slaves
– Children were educated by teachers who taught reading,
writing, dancing and music
• Boys – spent their free time outdoors, learning to ride
horses and hunt
• Girls learned how to sew and sing.
Plantations and Small Farms
• Small Farms
– More common than big
plantations
– Most located in backcountry away from the tidewater.
– Workers were family members. Sometimes they had one
or two slaves or servants.
– Grew their own food and sometimes small amounts of a
cash crop like tobacco.
– Families lived far from schools. Children learned to read
and write only if parents could teach them.
– Boys and girls worked on the farm from an early age. They
learned skills such as plowing, hunting, sewing and
cooking.

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